Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 1 2.1 Prepare and implement a management plan to temporarily protect Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep herds from predation losses, where needed, until viable herd sizes are reached. Unknown FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other California Department of Fish and Game Management: Reintroduction, Management: Planning Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance As of 2013, a revised plan has been developed or is in development. However, CDFW has decided not to contract with USDA Wildlife Services to continue mountain lion monitoring and management. It has yet to be determined how monitoring and management will be implemented.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 1 2.2.1 Reduce potential predator influences on winter habitat selection where appropriate Unknown FY 2000 - FY 2004 California Department of Fish and Game California Department of Fish and Game Management: Predator and Competitor Control Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance CDFW is not managing or monitoring mountain lions populations. At this time, mountain lions do not appear to be affecting the population.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 1 2.2.2 Supplement small female groups where appropriate to attain threshold herd sizes that will encourage behavioral attributes favorable to winter range use Ongoing Current Other California Department of Fish and Game Management: Reintroduction Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Note: estimated cost $3,000 per animal captures; number captured per year to be determined (TBD). In 2013, individuals were translocated to the Convict Creek and Mount Gibbs herd units. In 2015 introduced 5 ewes to Mt Gibbs herd unit creating new deme.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 1 2.3.1 Prevent contact between bighorn sheep and domestic sheep or goats Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 California Department of Fish and Game Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management Management: Disease Control, Management: Land Use Volunteer, Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Note: Continued implementation of action expected to be necessary after delisting. In 2014, the Service purchased collars for CDFW to deploy on rams in the Northern Recovery Unit to monitor their movement in relation to domestic sheep allotments. In 2015 - 2018 CDFW and FWS met with Mono Co. CA to discuss risk of contact at Conway and Mattly Ranches. In 2018, domestic sheep grazing will not occur.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 1 3.1 Develop and implement a strategy for translocations Ongoing Current FY 2007 Other National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service Management: Reintroduction Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance As part of the recovery permit, CDFW must develop a capture and translocation plan. In 2013, a translocation plan was developed for moving animals to the Olancha Peak, Convict Creek, and Mt. Gibbs herd units. In 2014, animals were translocated into the Big Arroyo herd unit in the Kern Recovery Unit. In 2015, reintroduced animals to Laurel Creek (Kern Rec. Unit) in Sequoia NP and Cathefral Range (Northern Rec. Unit) in Yosemite NP. New deme in Mt. Gibbs (Northern Rec. Unit) created. Olancha Peak Herd Unit (Souothern Rec. Unit) augmented.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 1 3.2.1 Manage wild herds as sources of stock Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 California Department of Fish and Game California Department of Fish and Game Management: Reintroduction Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Note: Costs included in other actions.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 1 5.2 Monitor key predators in the vicinity of winter ranges Unknown FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other California Department of Fish and Game Management: Predator and Competitor Control Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Note: Costs included in action 2.2.1; Action expected to be necessary until delisting of species. CDFW is not monitoring mountain lions but documents any evidence of predation.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 2 1.2 Maintain and/or enhance integrity of bighorn sheep habitat Unknown FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Note: Costs are TBD
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 2 2.2.3 Enhance bighorn sheep winter range habitat to increase visibility where appropriate Discontinued FY 2007 California Department of Fish and Game National Park Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance There are no plans to enhance habitat at this point in time.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 2 2.3.2 Develop an action plan in the event that a pneumonia outbreak occurs Not Started Other California Department of Fish and Game Management: Disease Control Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 2 3.2.2 Develop criteria for and, if appropriate, implement a captive breeding program Obsolete Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service Other Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 2 5.1 Develop and implement a monitoring plan for population abundance and distribution of bighorn sheep herds in the Sierra Nevada Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 California Department of Fish and Game University of California, White Mountain Research Station, California Department of Fish and Game Research: Population Assessment, Research: Population Surveys, Management: Population Monitoring Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Note: Continued implementation of action expected to be necessary after delisting. When emergency listed in 1999, estimated 125 animals. Recovery Plan (2007) indicates 12 of 16 herd units are essential. In 2011-2012, 7 units (plus Bubbs Creek) were occupied. Estimated total of animals is 480. In 2014-2015, 14 units (includes Bibbs Creek and Cathedral Range) occupied. Estimated total of animals is over 600. In 2015-2016, same 14 units occupied as in 2014-2015. Estimated total of animals is 667.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 2 5.4 Monitor exposure to disease organisms of concern Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other California Department of Fish and Game Management: Disease Control Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Note: Action expected to be necessary until delisting of species. CDFW checks for signs of disease during every capture.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 2 6.1 Investigate genetic population structure of existing herds Ongoing Current Other University of California, White Mountain Research Station, California Department of Fish and Game Research: Genetics Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 2 8 Establish an implementation advisory team for coordination and communication Ongoing Current U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management Management: Other Volunteer, Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Note: Action expected to be necessary until delisting of species. Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep RIT established in 2011. Meets almost annually.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 3 1.1 Identify and acquire important habitat not in public ownership from willing landowners Ongoing Current Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service, CalTrans Acquisition: General, Acquisition: Easement, Acquisition: Management Agreement, Acquisition: Exchange, Acquisition: Fee Title, Acquisition: Other Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Costs are TBD; In 2016, CDFW purchased 2,036 ac from private owners. Now called Green Creek Wildlife Area (located in Mono Co. CA).
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 3 2.4 Manage human use locally where it is found to cause bighorn sheep to avoid important habitat and, thereby, compromises survivorship or reproductive success Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service Management: General Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance In 2014, CDFW began study in Pine Creek Canyon (Wheeler Herd Unit) to address concerns of increased recreation (hikers, climbers, sightseers). This area is used for lambing. Trying to determine if effecting sheep use of area. Continuing to collect date in 2015 and 2016.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 3 4 Implement a genetic management plan to maintain genetic diversity of Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep. The plan must use genetic variation gathered in action 6.1 Ongoing Current California Department of Fish and Game California Department of Fish and Game Management: Other Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Note: Implementation costs included in 3.1; Action expected to be necessary until delisting of species. As part of the recovery permit, CDFW must develop a capture and translocation plan. In 2013, CDFW considered genetics when moving animals into the Olancha Peak, Convict Creek, and Mt. Gibbs herd units. Same as in 2015. CDFW will consider genetics in future translocations.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 3 5.3 Monitor vegetation structure and composition changes likely to affect bighorn sheep population parameters. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 California Department of Fish and Game National Park Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service Research: Habitat Status Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Study being conducted by USGS.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 3 6.2 Develop a population viability analysis (PVA) for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep Ongoing Current Other University of California, White Mountain Research Station, California Department of Fish and Game Research: Population Assessment Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 3 6.3 Further investigate habitat use patterns of bighorn sheep herds Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other California Department of Fish and Game Research: Other Information Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Johnson (2013) looked at only use of low elevation winter range and found selection for forage at large spatial scales and avoidance of predation risk by selecting for escape terrain at finer scales. Spitz (2015) evaluated winter resource use and selection by migrants and residents using resource selection functions across three scales from 2005-2013. Corroborated earlier findings and found in contrast to migrants, residents avoiaded predation risk at large sclaes and focused on forage in fine scale selection. Migrants gained better access to forage.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 3 6.4 Investigate and analyze human use patterns relative to habitat use patterns of bighorn sheep Unknown FY 2007 Other National Park Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service Research: Other Information Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 3 6.5 Investigate the potential for altering habitat use patterns of mountain lions on bighorn sheep winter ranges by aversive conditioning Obsolete Other California Department of Fish and Game Research: Other Information Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 3 6.6 Investigate future reintroduction sites relative to potential predator and domestic sheep problems and other potential conflicts Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other National Park Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service Management: Planning, Research: Other Information Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Thess concerns were considered prior to reintroducing sheep into the Cathedral Range in 2015.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 3 6.7 Investigate and, if appropriate, develop a plan for decreasing mortality of bighorn sheep remaining at high elevation in extreme winters Obsolete Other California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service Management: Planning, Research: Other Information Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 3 6.8 Attempt to develop long term data that will help elucidate predator-prey dynamics of this ecosystem as they affect bighorn sheep Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other University of California, White Mountain Research Station, National Park Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service Research: Predation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 3 6.9 Investigate effects of climate change on bighorn sheep habitat Ongoing Current U.S. Geological Survey - Biological Resources Division National Park Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Geological Survey - Biological Resources Division Research: Climate Change Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Note: Both action duration and costs are to be determined (TBD). Study being conducted by USGS.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 3 7.1 Conduct a survey of public uses of bighorn sheep habitat and public attitudes regarding bighorn sheep Unknown Other National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service Management: Other, Research: Other Information Internal Field Assistance
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 3 7.2 Develop and distribute information related to recovery efforts Ongoing Current California Department of Fish and Game, Other National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service Management: Other Internal Field Assistance Note: Action expected to be necessary until delisting of species. Currently done by CDFW and the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep Foundation. Publications, community and school outreach activities.
Final Recovery Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) F 8 Reno Fish and Wildlife Office (775) 861-6300 Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis sierrae 3 7.3 Continue, update, and coordinate, existing informational and outreach programs and develop further programs as needed Ongoing Current California Department of Fish and Game, Other National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service Management: Other Internal Field Assistance Note: Action expected to be necessary until delisting of species. Currently being done by CDFW and the Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep Foundation.