Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 1 1.1 Identify all populations and determine level of protection Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Fisheries Resources Research: Population Surveys Species Expert Multiple agencies participate in surveys in different areas. Occupied areas well known. Surveys ongoing in occupied areas of Blue River, Aravaipa Creek, Bonita Creek, Fossil Creek, and Hot Spring Canyon (AZ) and Gila River and its forks (NM).
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 1 1.3 Designate critical habitat Complete FY 2010 FY 2012 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Management: Other Species Expert Critical habitat finalized February 26, 2012 (77 FR 10810). No challenges to critical habitat at this time. Carrying out actions in management plans adopted for Eagle Creek in lieu of critical habitat designation, with barrier construction under review with Freeport-McMoRan in 2019.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 1 1.4 Enforce Laws and regulations Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Bureau of Reclamation Management: General Species Expert Participate in various ongoing activities to affect this. Currently working on the Gila River Water Rights Adjudication and other projects, including over allocation of water on occupied streams. Regularly work on projects through section 7. One LE investigation took place in 2016 but did not result in prosecution.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 1 1.5 Discourage detrimental land and water uses Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Bureau of Reclamation Management: General Species Expert Participate in various ongoing activities to affect this. Currently working on the Gila River Water Rights Adjudication and other projects, as well as Verde River groundwater withdrawal project and Aravaipa Creek flood water withdrawal application. Working on water conservation with willing private landowners at Aravaipa Creek.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 1 1.6 Insure natural flows Not Started Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Wildlife Resources , Bureau of Reclamation Acquisition Species Expert No instream flow purchases made or identified to date. We do participate with several groups in trying to ensure adequate flows remain in the Verde River and the upper Gila River. Have provided information for use in Aravaipa Creek excess flow adjudication hearings. Similar adjudication hearings for Redfield Canyon in 2016/2017. Working with private landowners on voluntary water conservation practices.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 1 1.8 Identify need for and construct barriers Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Bureau of Reclamation Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Contract Bureau of Reclamation completing this task under provisions of the CAP Biological Opinion. We provide input on suitability of barrier sites. Barriers constructed at Aravaipa Creek, Bonita Creek, Hot Springs Canyon, Blue River, and West Fork Black River (AZ). Feasibility study completed for the Verde River and fieldwork reintiated in 2018. Redfield Canyon barrier environmental documentation complete and construction expected 2019. Feasibility completed for barrier construction on Eagle Creek, with construction anticipated 2019.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 1 2.1 and 2.2 Establish standard monitoring locations and techniques Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Desert Fishes Recovery Team Research: Population Surveys Species Expert Standard survey techniques are known; variety of techniques applied depending on local habitat conditions. Multiple agencies monitoring occupied habitat regularly including Gila River, San Francisco River and their tributaries (NM), Bonita Creek, Hot Springs Canyon, Blue River, San Francisco River, Eagle Creek, North Fork East Fork Black and East Fork Black, and Fossil Creek (AZ).
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 1 2.4 Determine natural variation in abundance and age-class structure Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management Research: Population Surveys Volunteer, Graduate Student, Species Expert, Contract Some research completed in this area; data from Aravaipa Creek used in these types of analyses.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 1 2.4.1 Determine standard methods for quantifying abundance Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management Research: Population Surveys Graduate Student, Species Expert, Contract Some research completed in this area; additional research needed but none ongoing at this time.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 1 2.4.2 Conduct bi-annual population estimates Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management Research: Population Surveys Volunteer, Graduate Student, Species Expert Annual surveys completed at the Tularosa River, the San Francisco, and the upper Gila River (NM) and the Blue River, San Francisco River, Eagle Creek, Bonita Creek, Hot Springs Canyon, Aravaipa Creek, and Fossil Creek (AZ). Surveys completed every other year in Black River system. Now carrying out eDNA analyses at Eagle, Verde, and other systems to aid in possible detection, especially where rare or limited access.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 1 2.5,2.5.1,2.5.2 Monitor community composition including range of natural variation Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Bureau of Reclamation U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management Research: Population Surveys Volunteer, Graduate Student, Species Expert Surveys completed by a variety of agencies and individuals. Focus generally on presence/absence and/or population estimate. Monitoring found loach minnow at Little Creek in NM for the first time in 2014, and detected loach minnow in Campbell Blue Creek in 2014 and 2015 (first detections since early 2000s). Monitoring on Blue River finding increases in numbers of individual fish post Wallow Fire for the first time in 2016. eDNA work now being carried out on several streams as well.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 1 2.6 Determine genetic characteristics of existing populations Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service Research: Genetics Graduate Student Genetics evaluated in 1993 and 1996 by Tibbets and Dowling. More recent work completed in 2015 by Pilger et al. for the Gila River in New Mexico. One genetic study underway in 2016. Spoke with conservation geneticists in 2018 regarding management issues. Genetics managemnet plan under development at ARCC.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 2 1.10 Acquire available lands and associated water rights Not Started Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Wildlife Resources Acquisition Species Expert No acquisitions have been made at this time. Species occurs predominantly on Federal lands. Continuing to work on voluntary private land efforts.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 2 1.11 Protect acquired lands Not Started Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Wildlife Resources Acquisition Species Expert No acquisitions have been made at this time.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 2 1.2 Prioritize populations based on need for protection Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Desert Fishes Recovery Team Management Species Expert Prioritization developed through multi-agency meetings. Final draft of recovery plan under review, with final plan to be completed in 2018/2019. Revised recovery plan will identify prioritization.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 2 1.9 Identify available unprotected private lands and water rights Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Wildlife Resources , Desert Fishes Recovery Team Acquisition Species Expert No updates.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 2 2.3 Establish and maintain computerized database Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Arizona Game and Fish Department Other: Information and Education Graduate Student, Species Expert, Contract SONFishes database was completed in 1999. The AGFD maintains and updates the Heritage Database Management System, and provides FWS with regular updates. The NMDGF has developed a Gila River rare species database as well. The Recovery Team has determined that a centralized database would be idea, but isn't sure where funding for development and maintenance would come from.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 2 3.1 - 3.2.2 Determine significance of interaction with non-native fishes Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management Research: Predation, Research: Competition Species Expert Some research completed, additional research needed. No updates at this time.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 2 4.1 - 4.6 Quantify effects of physical habitat modification Ongoing Not Current FY 2010 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management Research: Habitat Requirements Species Expert Ongoing through section 7; no specific research at this time outside of section 7.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 2 5.1 and 5.2 Identify management areas and determine necessary habitat improvements Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Desert Fishes Recovery Team Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert Draft recovery plan revision nearing completion, and final recovery plan revision due in 2018. Revised recovery plan will provide some information on this.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 2 7.1 - 7.3.3 Determine quantitative criteria for describing a self-sustaining population Planned FY 2008 FY 2013 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Desert Fishes Recovery Team Research: Reintroduction Volunteer, Species Expert Criteria being developed by recovery team, with revised recovery plan due in 2018.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 2 9.1 - 9.1.5 Provide information and education relative to the species to the public sector Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Public Affairs , Bureau Land Management , Fisheries Resources , Bureau of Reclamation Other: Information and Education Species Expert We have coordinated with the Arizona Game and Fish Department and SeaLife Aquarium in Tempe, Arizona. Loach minnow will be one of the native species placed on exhibit at the aquarium, following permit approval. SeaLife estimates it has greater than 100,000 visitors annually. "Sharing Tails" program (run by not-for-profit) aimed at educating primary grades on native fish in Arizona. BOR creating a new I & E webpage and outreach, and FWS participating on committee.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 2 9.2.1 - 9.2.4 Ensure all professional information is made available. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Fisheries Resources , Bureau of Reclamation Other: Information and Education Species Expert Regular coordination meetings for upcoming fieldwork each year; ongoing exchange of information on monitoring occurs throughout the year.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 3 5.3 Implement habitat improvements Ongoing Current FY 2007 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert Some work completed through barrier construction, as overseen by Bureau of Reclamation in fulfillment of biological opinion requirements on the CAP. Barriers have been completed at Aravaipa and Bonita Creeks, Hot Springs Canyon, the Blue River, and West Fork Black River in Arizona. Nonnative fishes currently present above constructed barriers in Bonita Creek and Aravaipa Creek. Manual nonative removal effort largely successful at Bonita, and underway at Aravaipa.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 3 6.1 Identify stocks to be used for reintroduction Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Desert Fishes Recovery Team Research: Propagation Species Expert Work being completed by the Bureau of Reclamation through contract with Arizona Game and Fish Department as part of the biological opinion on the CAP. A draft list of source populations has been developed, and will be in the revised recovery plan, due for completion in 2018. Have worked with conservation geneticist on this issue as well.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 3 6.2 - 6.2.5 Identify and prepare sites for reintroduction Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Desert Fishes Recovery Team Research: Reintroduction Volunteer, Species Expert Reintroductions have now occurred at the Muleshoe Preserve, Fossil Creek, and Bonita Creek. Proposed barrier construction is underway for West Fork Black River. Revised recovery plan, due for completion in 2018 will identify additional potential recovery streams.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 3 6.3 and 6.4 Reintroduce into selected reaches and monitor Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 FY 2006 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management Research: Reintroduction Species Expert Reintroductions have now occurred at the Muleshoe Preserve, Fossil Creek, and Bonita Creek. Proposed project development underway for West Fork Black River. Annual monitoring is completed at all reintroduction sites. Augmentation occurs as necessary following review of results of monitoring, and if fish are available for augmentation. Chemical renovation of streams delayed by concerns over use of rotenone in AZ.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 3 6.5 and 6.6 Determine reasons for success/failure and rectify as necessary Planned FY 2008 FY 2013 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Desert Fishes Recovery Team Research: Reintroduction Volunteer, Species Expert Each reintroduction project includes a commitment to monitoring and populaton augmentation, most of them for a five-year period. At the end of that time, each project will be evaluated for success/failure. Generally, a self-sustaining population will be considered present if we have documented reproduction and population growth through monitoring efforts.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 3 8.1 Select stocks to be used for hatchery brood stock Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Fisheries Resources , Desert Fishes Recovery Team Research: Propagation Species Expert We work cooperatively with the AGFD and NMDGF and the NMESO. A draft list of stocks to be used has been developed and will be formalized in the revised recovery plan, due in 2017. Stocks currently in captivity for breeding from Aravaipa Creek, Gila River (NM), and Blue River. There are ongoing efforts to obtain stock from Eagle Creek and Black River. In 2018 we worked with conservation geneticists on managemnt issues/questions on maintaining stock. A genetic management plan is underway.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 3 8.2 Collect hatchery stocks Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Fisheries Resources Research: Propagation Contract To be completed by the Arizona Game and Fish Department under contract to the Bureau of Reclamation in partial fulfillment of biological opinion on the CAP. We have assisted in collection activities whenever possible. Stock has been collected from the Blue River and Aravaipa Creek in Arizona, and the Gila River, Gila Forks, and San Francisco River in New Mexico. Ongoing efforts to collect stock from Eagle Creek and the Black River system. Collection efforts hampered by declining populations in the wild at Aravaipa Creek and the mainstem Gila River.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 3 8.3 Hold and maintain stocks in a hatchery Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Fisheries Resources Research: Propagation Contract To be completed by the Arizona Game and Fish Department under contract to the Bureau of Reclamation in partial fulfillment of biological opinion on the CAP. Stock now in captivity at Bubbling Ponds from Blue River, Gila River (NM), and Aravaipa Creek. This facility was constructed specifically for captive propagation of spikedace and loach minnow. Improvements in propagation techniques resulted in greater success and more fish for reintroduction efforts in FY10 than FY09. Annual meetings are held to discuss any necessary changes at the facility. Annual coordination meetings held. In 2017, visited SNARRC (Dexter) NFH to discuss successes and failures and learn more about captive management of small minnows.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 3 8.4 and 8.5 Evaluate and assess propagation techniques and life-cycle requirements Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Fisheries Resources Research: Propagation Contract To be completed by the Arizona Game and Fish Department under contract to the Bureau of Reclamation in partial fulfillment of biological opinion on the CAP. One report on suggested captive propagation techniques has been completed. Additional work will likely be completed through development of the revised recovery plan, due for completion in 2018. Held field visit to SNARRC in 2017 and spoke with conservation geneticists in 2018. Greater success in captive propagation in 2018, with 1600 F1 each resulting from efforts from three different lineages of loach minnow at ARCC.
Loach Minnow Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis 3 8.6 Supply hatchery reared fish as needed Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Fisheries Resources , Bureau of Reclamation Management: Propagation Species Expert To be completed by the Arizona Game and Fish Department under contract to the Bureau of Reclamation in partial fulfillment of biological opinion on the CAP. Hatchery reared fish have been used in reintroduction projects at the Muleshoe Preserve, Fossil Creek, and Bonita Creek. AGFD largely responsible for collection of stock, with assistance from other agencies. Collection efforts hampered by reduced population sizes in some streams such as Aravaipa Creek in Arizona and the Gila River in New Mexico. Some progress on collecting fish from East Fork White River in 2016.