Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 1.11 Monitor population trends, habitat and distribution in New Hampshire Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game Management: Population Monitoring Internal Field Assistance Two flights monitored in Concord NH. The 2008 mark/recapture survey done by the NH Fish and Game Dept. showed an increase in the wild Karner blue population first flight and increase in habitat use second flight. The population was reported as increasing in 2010. In 2012 MRR surveys showed that the number of first brood KBBs marked was the second highest on record however the number of second brood KBBs marked was not as high as other years indicating a possible negative response to hot and droughty conditions.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 1.12 Survey for new and monitor existing subpopulations in Minnesota. Ongoing Not Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Management: General Contract Monitor existing pops and restored habitats at Whitewater WMA. Trend monitoring is generally done annually. In 2008, a more extensive survey indicated Kbbs present in only one valley - Cuthrell Valley - with an overall population estimated to be about 80-160 second brood adults (James Bess, Otis Enterprises, 2009 Report). At least 5 females were seen in Cuthrell Valley in 2009; no surveys were conducted in 2010. In 2012 a thorough survey of Whitewater WMA was made for Kbbs; by Dean Hansen; none were found; Kbbs may be extirpated from MN.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 1.13 Monitor population trends, habitat and distribution in Michigan Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Forest Service, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory Management: Population Monitoring Internal Field Assistance Survey in Ionia RU-P1; Survey in Muskegon RU-P2. Surveys on-going at Kbb recovery sites on MI DNR lands (Allegan and Flat River State Game Areas) and Huron-Manistee NF lands, as well as other sites. Kbb monitoring work in 2012 indicates that most Kbb sites in MI were adversely affected by reduced snow cover, warm spring, harder freezes after warm up and droughty conditions during the first and second Kbb flights, likely leading to lower numbers in Kbbs in 2012.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 1.21 Continue/start management activities for New Hampshire Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, National Wildlife Refuges (Necedah or Great Bay NWR), City of Concord, New Hampshire, New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game, Private landowners Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Internal Field Assistance Concord sites. A reintroduction is on-going at Concord which includes annual habitat management activities. In 2012 lupine was seeded on 3 acres, 1000 lupine plants planted, and a prescribed burn conducted on 3 acres. A pilot survey for ant species was conducted. in 2012.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 1.22 Continue/start management activities for Minnesota Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Internal Field Assistance Management work at Whitewater WMA is on-going. In 2010 prescribed burns were conducted near the Kbb site to enhance habitat.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 1.23 Continue/start management activities for New York Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, The Nature Conservancy, Albany Pine Bush Preserve Commission, Private landowners, Wilton Wildlife Preserve and Park Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Habitat management (mowing, herbicide application, prescribed burns, lupine/nectar planting) and assessment work is on-going in the Albany Pine Bush (APB), Saratoga Sandplains and Saratoga West Kbb metapopulation areas by the NYDEC and TNC. Habitat has been expanded from 5 to 125 acres in the Saratoga Sandplains; significant increases in habitat have occurred in the APB as well. Collection of lupine seed for use in habitat restoration work is ongoing. In 2012 about 3,100 pounds of lupine pods (about 100 lbs. of dried seed) were collected from the APB and another 630 gallons of lupine pods collected from Saratoga West and Saratogo Sandplains metapopulations areas.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 1.311 Develop protection and management plans for Minnesota Ongoing Current FY 2006 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Management: Planning Internal Field Assistance Incorrporate recovery guidance into Whitewater WMA Plan - planned to start in 2010 or 2011.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 1.321.1 Implement the management plan in New Hampshire Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation, Management: Population Monitoring Internal Field Assistance Management and monitoring being conducted at the Concord reintroduction site.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 1.321.2 Implement the management plan in Minnesota Ongoing Current FY 2008 Other Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance KBB trend monitoring is on-going at Whitewater WMA as is habitat management to enhance/restore habitat for the Kbb.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 2.211 Continue reintroduction in New Hampshire Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game Management: Reintroduction Internal Field Assistance Kbb reintroduction ongoing in Concord, NH lead by NH Fish & Game Dept. In 2010 about 2,600 adult Kbbs were released into the metapopoulation and the wild population increased from 2009-2010. In 2011 and 2012, 666 and 1100 adult Kbbs respectively were raised and released at the Cocord reintroduction site.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 2.212 Continue accelerated colonization in Minnesota Discontinued Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Management: Reintroduction Internal Field Assistance Population augmentation done twice at Whitewater with little success.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 2.214 Continue reintroduction in Indiana Complete FY 2000 - FY 2004 FY 2014 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, The Nature Conservancy, Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Indiana Department of Natural Resources Management: Reintroduction Species Expert, Internal Field Assistance Funding mainly by TNC. In 2006 FWS Partners program provided $6,900.00 to Shirely Heinze Land Trust for oak savanna retoration in West Gary RU. In 2008, habitat restoration work and Karner blue captive rearing increased the population at Ivanhoe Dune & Swale Nature Preserve. Work also on-going at Dupont Natural Area and Tolleston Ridges Nature Preserve. Population augmentation efforts continued in 2009 and 2010. In 2010, 269 adults, 21 larvae and 595 eggs were released at 3 sites in West Gary and at Howes Prairie, IDNL. In 2011, TNcC's augmentation program ceased; however captive reared KBBs are still being released at Indiana Dunes NP with the souce of KBBS being excess captive reared KBBs from a USGS climate change research project.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 3.4 Continue development of standardized monitoring protocols for the Karner blue Ongoing Current FY 2005 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Recovery Team Management: Population Monitoring Internal Technical Assistance Clarify methods for extrapolation of transect counts to population counts and for monitoring LPs, (refer also to Task 5.24) - P1. In 2005 a KBB Monitoring Subteam began working on KBB monitoring guidance; a workshop on Distance monitoring taught by USGS was held Sept. 2006 at Indiana Dunes Environmental Center. A second USGS workshop was held in WI in 2007. In 2008, USGS continued to provide technical assistance on Distance monitoring to the WI DNR and finalized "A guide to the use of distance sampling to estimate abundance of Karner blue butterflies (Ralp Grundel 2008). In 2009 a USGS Distance monitoring workshop was held in Pestigo, WI for WI and MI recovery partners. During 2010 USGS continues to assist with recovery monitoring questions.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 5.11 Research - Habitat management relative to Karner blue butterfly Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service, The Nature Conservancy, National Wildlife Refuges (Necedah or Great Bay NWR), Department of Defense (Fort McCoy and/or Air National Guard Hardwood Range), Universities Research: Management Techniques Internal Field Assistance Priority on research aimed for application in NH, NY, and MN. Habitat management research has been done at Necedah NWR,Fort McCoy in WI, and TNC in MI. In 2008 Huron-Manistee NF (MI) started a habitat management research program to assess best methods to restore KBB habitat via mechanical management tools. In 2010 the Albany Pine Bush Commission in NY continues research on restoring oak savanna habitat. Various habitat related reseach has been conducted by University researches over the past several years.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 5.12 Research - Lupine propagation Ongoing Not Current Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, The Nature Conservancy, Albany Pine Bush Preserve Commission, New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game, Private landowners, Universities, Natural Resources Conservation Service Work type not yet selected Graduate Student Priority in NY and NH. PhD Dissertation by Steve Fuller (SUNY-Syracuse 2008) included research on lupine and Kbbs; other researchers involved in lupine studies as well.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 5.13 Research - Karner blue butterfly translocation methods Ongoing Not Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, The Nature Conservancy, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game, Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Universities Research: Propagation Internal Technical Assistance Captive rearing programs have identified transloction methods. In 2008 a KBB Captive Rearing Subteam was formed that is consolidating information on captive rearing techniques. In 2008 Steve Fuller completed a PhD on Karners which includes information on diet relative to female fecundity.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 5.14 Research - Alternative habitat restoration methods Ongoing Current FY 2008 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, U.S. Forest Service, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, The Nature Conservancy, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory, New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game, Private landowners, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Work type not yet selected Internal Technical Assistance Especially needed in NH, NY, and MN. In 2008, Huron-Manistee NF (MI) started habitat management research. The Albany Pine Bush (2010) is researching management techniques to control oak shrubs.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 5.15 Research - Remote sensing Complete FY 2000 - FY 2004 FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected To identify lupine patches, especially on larger landscapes such as Muskegon and Newago RUs (MI). UW-Stevens Point completed a report on the use of multi-spectrum satellite imagery to detect lupine in 2002.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 5.16 Research - Glacial Lake Albany population decline Ongoing Not Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, The Nature Conservancy, Universities Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected TNC is improving habitat at Albany Pine Bush (APB) and monitoring the results of that work. In 2008 TNC started an augmentation program that successfully released 700 Karners to the APB.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 5.24 Research - Karner blue butterfly monitoring Ongoing Current FY 2006 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, The Nature Conservancy, National Wildlife Refuges (Necedah or Great Bay NWR), Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Universities, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected If needed, further research costeffective and statistically reliable monitoring methods for LPs (refer also to Task 3.4). USFWS is working with the USGS on the use of Distance sampling to streamline monitoring work.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 5.39 Research - climate change Ongoing Current FY 2010 Other U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Universities Research: Climate Change Graduate Student, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance This Action, 5.39 Research Climate Change, was added 8/22/2012. In 2010 the USGS and Univ of Notre Dame (IN) started a 4- year research project to assess the effects of climate change on the Kbb. Much of the field work is being done at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Preliminary results indicate that increasing temperatures iwill adversely affect the Kbb and will result in third and possibly fourth adult broods in the same year. During 2010-2012, Kbb wing clip samples for genetics analyses were collected from most of the Kbb recovery sites across the range as part of the study. Also a vulnerability assessment conducted by Olivia LeDee (UW-Madison) found that climate change could cause increases in KBB larval and adult mortality (WICCI 2011, Wildlife Working Group Report).
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 1 6.3 Revise plan as appropriate Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Recovery Team Acquisition: General Labor type not yet selected Re-evaluate recovery goals for Wisconsin  P1.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.14 Monitor population trends, habitat and distribution in New York Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, The Nature Conservancy, Albany Pine Bush Preserve Commission Management: Population Monitoring Internal Field Assistance Monitoring is occurring in 3 NY Kbb metapopulation areas; population numbers identified here are based on second brood adult Kbbs. The Saratoga Sandplains metapopulation reached a high of 17,718-25,312 Kbbs in 2010 and decreased in 2011; preliminary data from 2012 indicates the population may be similar to that of 2011. In 2010, the Albany Pine Bush (APB) population was between 450-650 Kbbs in 10 fragmented subpopulations. In 2011 the APB population was the highest ever recorded, about 2,182 butterflies and an additional 1,715 captive-raised butterflies were released here. In 2010, the Saratoga West metapopulation was 1450-2050 Kbbs; preliminary data from 2012 indicates very low numbers.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.15 Monitor population trends, habitat and distribution in Indiana Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore Management: Population Monitoring Internal Field Assistance Populations are being monitored annually at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore and periodically at a subset of the West Gary sites. Generally Kbb populations have shown a long term decline in IN. In 2012 severe drought resulted in decreased Kbb numbers. In West Gary in 2012, surveys were conducted at 3 sites; all showed declines and at one site (Tolleston Ridges) no Kbbs were found. Higher numbers of a native moth larva (Uresiphita reversalis) were seen on lupine plants in IN and WI (at Fort McCoy) in 2012; this species should be watched as a possible threat.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.16 Monitor population trends, habitat and distribution in Wisconsin Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, National Wildlife Refuges (Necedah or Great Bay NWR), Department of Defense (Fort McCoy and/or Air National Guard Hardwood Range), Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Management: Population Monitoring Contract, Internal Field Assistance Search for recovery sites in the Yellow River Focus Area of Glacial Lake Wisconsin RU-P3. Necedah NWR occassionally conducts surveys in this area. Kbb recovery populations are monitored on state lands and at Fort McCoy , Hardwood Range ANG, and Necedah NWR. By 2011, three Kbb metapopulations (Fort McCoy North Post and South Post and Necedah NWR) had meet the delisting criteria. Another 5 sites in WI are within 1 to 4 years of meeting the reclassification goals for population size. A potential threat observed at Fort McCoy in 2012 was the Genista broom moth (Uresiphita reversalis) larvae found on lupine plants (also observed in IN in 2012). Severe drought at many WI sites in 2012 (including Fort McCoy) likely resulted in lower numbers of Kbbs than seen in 2011 which was a good Kbb year.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.24 Continue/start management activities for Michigan Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Contract, Internal Field Assistance Habitat management, enhancement and protection activities are on-going by the MI DNR and Huron-Manistee NF on recovery properties. in 2012 the MI DNR and The Nature Conservancy signed an MOA for cooperative habitat management at Petersburg State Game Area (reintroduction site) that should result in improvement of habitat for the Kbb at the site.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.25 Continue/start management activities for Indiana Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Internal Field Assistance Most habitats are fire suppressed and require brush and/or tree removal. Habitat management is on-going at Indiana Dunes NP and at the West Gary sites. Restoration work at West Gary is supported by USFWS S6 funds through 2010.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.26 Continue/start management activities for Wisconsin Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Refuges (Necedah or Great Bay NWR), Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection (Wisconsin), Department of Defense (Fort McCoy and/or Air National Guard Hardwood Range), Local Governments, Private landowners, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Natural Resources Conservation Service Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Federal, state and private property. Necedah NWR has an on-going savanna restoration and management program that benefits the KBB and rare savanna species. Fort McCoy has an active KBB recovery program. The WI DNR manages several Karner sites on state recovery properties. The FWS's Partners program works with private landowners to restore habitat for the butterfly. The 41 partners (2010) to the WI Statewide KBB HCP conduct management per conservation measures to conserve Kbbs.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.312 Develop protection and management plans for New York Complete FY 2006 Other New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany Pine Bush Preserve Commission Management: Planning Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Saratoga West-P2. Initial Plan developed for Saratoga Metapopulation (may need revising through time). Kbb Recovery Plan for the Albany Pine Bush Metapopulation Recovery Unit completed March 2010 by APBPC and NYSDEC.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.313 Develop protection and management plans for Indiana Ongoing Current FY 2006 FY 2007 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, The Nature Conservancy, Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Indiana Department of Natural Resources Management: Planning Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance West Gary and Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore (IDNL). IDNL KBB protection is provided via a formal S7 consultation with the National Park Service. Protection and management of land in the West Gary metapopulation area is being done vai a Programmatic Safe Harbor Agreement with TNC.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.314 Develop protection and management plans for Michigan Ongoing Current FY 2006 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Forest Service Management: Planning Internal Field Assistance Ionia and Newagov RUs-P2. An HCP has been completed for one utility company in MI and the MI KBB Statewide HCP is nearing completion. In 2004 Huron-Manistee NF completed a draft management strategy for the Kbb.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.315 Develop protection and management plans for Wisconsin Ongoing Current FY 2007 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, National Wildlife Refuges (Necedah or Great Bay NWR), Department of Defense (Fort McCoy and/or Air National Guard Hardwood Range), Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Management: Planning Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Necedah NWR Kbb plan complete via the March 2002 revised Biological Opinion (BO) for the Refuge's Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP). Fort McCoy Plan complete via 1994 BO (and subsequent amendments), and the Fort's Endangered Species Management Plan (2006) that is part of the Fort's Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan (2005-2010). During 2007 Wisconsin DNR started planning efforts to develop management and protection plans for several recovery sites on state properties in WI. As of 2012 WDNR has not completed any plans but have Great Lakes Restoration Initiative funding to work on plans in the Morainal Sands Recovery Unit.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.321.3 Implement the management plan in New York Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, The Nature Conservancy, Local Governments, Private landowners, Wilton Wildlife Preserve and Park Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation, Management: Population Monitoring Internal Field Assistance Land acquisition needed. Management and monitoring on-going annually.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.321.5 Implement the management plan in Indiana Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, National Park Service, The Nature Conservancy, Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Indiana Department of Natural Resources Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation, Management: Population Monitoring Internal Field Assistance Habitat management on-going in West Gary per the KBB Safe Harbor program and at Indiana Dunes by the NPS.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.321.6 Implement the management plan in Michigan Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Private landowners Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation, Management: Population Monitoring Internal Field Assistance Habitat management is on-going in all 4 MI Recovery Units on state properties and on the Hruon Manistee NF.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.322.1 Implement long term land protection strategies in New Hampshire Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, National Wildlife Refuges (Necedah or Great Bay NWR), City of Concord, New Hampshire, New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game, Private landowners Acquisition: General Internal Field Assistance NH F&G and the FWS continue work to preserve habitat and create partnerships in the Concord Pine Barrens.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.3221.4 Implement the management plan in Wisconsin Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other National Wildlife Refuges (Necedah or Great Bay NWR), Department of Defense (Fort McCoy and/or Air National Guard Hardwood Range), Private landowners, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Contract, Internal Field Assistance Periodic management of Karner habitat is on-going in all WI recovery areas. Sites with Kbb recovery implementation plans (Necedah, Fort McCoy) are implementing those plans. HCP partners (42 in 2012) are implementing the KBB HCP conservation program on their lands. State recovery properties are restoring and enhancing habitat for the Kbb including Emmons Creek WA, Hartman SP, Greenwood WA, White River Marsh WA, Crex Meadows and Fish Lakes WAs, and the Black River State Forest.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.322.3 Implement long term land protection strategies in Indiana Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Private landowners Acquisition: General Internal Field Assistance Habitat protection in place at some West Gary sites; protection from unplanned fires needed. Sites at Indiana Dunes NL protected.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 1.322.4 Implement long term land protection strategies in Michigan Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Forest Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Internal Field Assistance MI DNR and Huron-Manistee NF are implementing protective measures e.g. restricting ORV use of KBB habitat and closing forest trails/roads.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 2.213 Initiate translocation efforts in New York Ongoing Current FY 2008 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, The Nature Conservancy, Albany Pine Bush Preserve Commission, New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game Management: Propagation, Other Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance In 2008, 700 adult KBBs were successfully introduced to the Albany Pine Bush (APB). The NH Fish & Game Dept and Farnsworth Middle School raised KBBs to pupal stage for release at the APB. In 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012, the APB population was augmented with about 558, 1,538, 1,715 and 582 adults respectively. In more recent years NH Fish & Game Dept have raised the KBBs to the larvae/pupal stage and transferred them to the APB for release as adults.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 2.31 Consider additional reintroduction efforts in Ohio Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Toledo Zoo Management: Reintroduction Internal Field Assistance The Toledo Zoo's program to reintroduce KBBs to the oak openings in nw Ohio started in 1998 is on-going with captive reared KBBs released annually. Thousands of captive reared Kbbs have been released at sites in the nw Ohio oak barrens. In 2009, the Toledo Zoo opened a new Butterfly Conservation Center that could accommodate rearing of about 2,000 KBB eggs. In 2010 as Kbbs are occupying more sites (4 of 5), the population is considered increasing (Kbbs are no longer present at the first reintroduction site -Kitty Todd proper). In 2010, 1,435 adults were released at 2 sites. In 2011, 1205 total Kbbs were released Campbell Prairie (Metroparks of the Toledo Area – Oak Openings Preserve) and Meilke Road Savanna (ODNR site). In 2012, 259 Kbbs were released at the Meilke Road Savanna. Kbb surveys were conducted at Meilke Road Savanna in 2012 with 137 observations made; ATV use is a threat at this site.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 2.32 Consider reintroductions at other sites in PRUs as need develops. Ongoing Current FY 2008 Other Toledo Zoo, Detroit Zoo Management: Reintroduction Internal Technical Assistance Note: This Action was added in 2010 ; it was identified in the Stepdown Recovery Outline in the Final KBB Recovery Plan (2003) but was inadvertently not included in the Plan's Implementation Schedule. In 2008, Michigan DNR started reintroducting Kbbs to the Petersburg State Game Area in southeast Michigan. In 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012, 318, 503, 589 and 291 adult Kbbs were released respectively. In 2009 -2012 wild Kbbs were observed on the site. The captive rearing work is being done by the Detroit Zoo with help from the Toledo Zoo. The KBB Recovery Plan (2003) was updated to include this new poential RU on 2/25/2011.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 3.1 Continue development of Karner blue Forest Management Guidelines Ongoing Not Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Private landowners, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Internal Technical Assistance Forest guidelines developed by Cynthia Lane currently exist. In 2007 the WI KBB Statewide HCP forest guidelines were modified slightly to allow forest cutting in occupied KBB habitat any time of the year, with precautions to protect lupine areas. Guidelines for promoting a Kbb habitat shifting mosaic on forest lands are being developed by the WDNR HCP partnership.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 3.2 Develop guidelines for protection of Karner blues& fom biocides Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Forest Service, Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection (Wisconsin) Other: Regulations Internal Field Assistance WI KBB Statewide HCP pesticide guidelines currently exit and are periodically updated. S7 consultations between the USFWS and USFS on their gypsy moth control program is conducted in a manner to avoid/minimize impacts to the Kbbs from use of Bt, a bacterial insecticide.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 5.21 Research - Karner blue dispersal Ongoing Not Current FY 2006 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, U.S. Forest Service, The Nature Conservancy, National Wildlife Refuges (Necedah or Great Bay NWR), Department of Defense (Fort McCoy and/or Air National Guard Hardwood Range), Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Universities, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Research: Other Information Labor type not yet selected Especially in forested and urban/ suburban habitats. Necedah NWR has completed KBB dispersal research. Other studies have been done in various states e.g., NY, and MI. Dunn completed a study on dispersal of Kbbs in the Huron Manistee NF in 2006.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 5.22 Research - Dispersal corridors and barriers Not Started Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, U.S. Forest Service, The Nature Conservancy, Universities, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 5.23 Research - Ecosystem Management Ongoing Current FY 2008 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, U.S. Forest Service, The Nature Conservancy, National Wildlife Refuges (Necedah or Great Bay NWR), Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Internal Technical Assistance Huron-Manistee began forest management research in 2008 to determine best mechanical management methods to restore Kbb habitat.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 5.25 Research - Forest management research Ongoing Current FY 2008 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service, Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Private landowners, Universities, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Internal Technical Assistance Huron-Manistee NF began a forest management research project in 2008 which is on-going.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 2 5.26 Research - Highly dispersed metapopulations Not Started Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, National Wildlife Refuges (Necedah or Great Bay NWR), City of Concord, New Hampshire, New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Minimal cost to update existing plans
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 1.322.5 Implement long term land protection strategies in Wisconsin Ongoing Current FY 2007 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Private landowners, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Acquisition: Easement Internal Field Assistance Land has been secured to promote Kbb recovery via purchase using USFWS Non-Traditional S6 HCP Land Acquistion Grant monies in WI . Land was acquired in Jackson and Adams counties to enhance Kbb recovery efforts in those counties. In 2007, 320 acres were purchased to promote recovery efforts at Crex Meadows SWA . In 2008 a 160 acre conservation easement was purchased by WDNR from Bob and Deb Welch which will further recovery of the Kbb in the Welch/Emmons/Hartman Creek metapopulation area. In 2011 the 80 acre Houd property was purchased to promote recovery at the Bauer Brockway Barrens in Jackson County. Land for KBB recovery has also been purchased in NY via a S6 grant.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 1.322.6 Implement long term land protection strategies in Minnesota Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Land is under state protection at Whitewater WMA.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 1.323.1 Implement the monitoring strategies in New Hampshire Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation, Management: Population Monitoring Internal Field Assistance KBB and habitat monitoring on-going as part of the reintroduction program at Concord.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 1.323.2 Implement the monitoring strategies in Minnesota Ongoing Not Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Management: General Contract, Internal Field Assistance KBB populations are generally monitored annually and habitat assessed periodically. In 2008 James Bess (Otis Enterprises, 2009) assessed Kbbs and habitat at Whitewater and recommended expansion of the habitat restoration and management activities. Bess found that the one remaining Kbb population at Cuthrell Valley (2008) numbered from about 80-160 butterflies. In 2010 no Kbb monitoring occurred at the one remaining Kbb site - Cuthrell Valley.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 1.323.3 Implement the monitoring strategies in New York Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, The Nature Conservancy, Albany Pine Bush Preserve Commission, Private landowners, Wilton Wildlife Preserve and Park Work type not yet selected Contract, Internal Field Assistance KBB and habitat monitoring is on-going in NY.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 1.323.4 Implement the monitoring strategies in Indiana Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation, Management: Population Monitoring Internal Field Assistance KBB and habitat monitoring is on-going at Indian Dunes NP and West Gary. Some of the West Gary work is supported by S6 funding through 2010.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 1.323.5 Implement the monitoring strategies in Michigan Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Forest Service, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory Management: General Internal Field Assistance Population and habitat assessment work is on-going at MI KBB recovery sites on state lands and on Huron-Manistee NF lands.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 1.323.6 Implement the monitoring strategies in Wisconsin Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, National Wildlife Refuges (Necedah or Great Bay NWR), Private landowners Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation, Management: Population Monitoring Internal Field Assistance WDNR started KBB recovery monitoring of KBB sites on state properties in 2008; recovery monitoring has been coordinated with the WI KBB Statewide HCP. Kbb population monitoring as well as habitat assessment work is on-going at the state properties, Fort McCoy and periodically at Necedah NWR.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 1.411 Review Federal, state and private activities  section 7 Federal responsibilities under the Act Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service, National Wildlife Refuges (Necedah or Great Bay NWR), Natural Resources Conservation Service Other: Regulations Internal Field Assistance The FWS annual engages in S7 informal and/or formal consultations with KBBs in several states within the species range.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 1.412 Review Federal, state and private activities  section 10(a)(1)(A) scientific permits under the Act. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, The Nature Conservancy, Albany Pine Bush Preserve Commission, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game, Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Toledo Zoo, Detroit Zoo Other: Regulations Internal Field Assistance The FWS reviews S10(a)(1) permit applications for KBBs on an annual basis from one or more states within the range of KBBs and from researchers. Permits for programmatic Safe Harbors have been issued to TNC in IN and NY.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 1.413 Review Federal, state and private activities  section 10(a)(1)(B) incidental take permits per the Act Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Other: Regulations Internal Technical Assistance Incidental Take Permits (ITPs) have been issued for implementation of HCPs as follows: 1) in 1999 to the WI DNR and its 25 original partners in the WI Statewide KBB HCP; 2) in 2005 to the MI Electric Transmission Co., 3) in 2006 to the Indiana-American Water Co. and Northern Indiana Public Service Co. , 4) in 2010 to the MI DNR for the MI KBB Statewide HCP, and 5) in July 2012 to National Grid in NY. In 2009 the WI Statewide HCP was updated and the ITP extended until 2019. In 2012, the WI Statwide HCP partnership numbered 42 (compared to 26 partners in 1999).
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 1.42 Develop standardized conditions for scientific permits Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game Other: Regulations Internal Field Assistance The Intra-Service S7 BO for KBB S10 Permits and Grants completed in 2005 includes std. permit conditions. A Propagation Handbook for the Kbb is anticipated to be completed in 2010 which will provide standardized guidance of captive rearing techniques.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 1.43 Explore mechanisms to streamline Federal permit process for private landowners Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Other: Regulations Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance The WI KBB Statewide HCP contains that streamline regulation pertaining to private landowners and a programmatic section 7 consultations process. Both NY and IN have active programmatic Safe Harbor Programs for KBBs.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 1.5 Develop recovery implementation strategies to promote recovery Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Private landowners Other: Regulations Internal Administrative Recovery implementation strategies have been developed to encourage public participation in KBB recovery, e.g., via the programmataic Safe Harbor programs in IN and NY and the WI Statewide KBB HCP.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 2.11 Continue to develop and refine protocols/guidelines/selection criteria for reintroduction Ongoing Current FY 2008 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Recovery Team, The Nature Conservancy, New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game, Toledo Zoo, Detroit Zoo Management: Reintroduction Internal Field Assistance A Captive Rearing Subteam (includes FWS) was formed in 2007 to develop a Propagation Handbook for the KBB; the first edition of the handbook was completed in November of 2010.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 2.12 Incorporate research findings on captive propagation into protocols Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game Work type not yet selected Graduate Student, Internal Field Assistance On-going; in 2008 Steve Fuller (in his PhD dissertation) found better KBB larval growth on wild lupine grown in the shade. That concept is incorporated into the Propagation Handbook for the KBB completed in November 2010.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 2.215 Implement translocation at other sites in RUs, if necessary Not Started Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 3.3 Continue development of Karner blue management guidelines Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Management: General Internal Field Assistance The Intra-Service S7 BO for KBB S10 Permits and Grants completed in 2005, includes an appendix of updated wildlife management guidelines for KBBs; guidelines continue to evolve through FWS coordination with the Wisconsin DNR on implementation of the Wisconsin KBB Statewide HCP and with other states working on KBB management issues.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 4.1 Continue to develop outreach material on Karner blue life history and conservation Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, U.S. Forest Service, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, The Nature Conservancy, National Wildlife Refuges (Necedah or Great Bay NWR), Concord Pine Barrens Interagency Team (TNC, USFWS, NH Natural Heritage Inventory, and NHDFG), Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection (Wisconsin), Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Local Governments, Michigan Natural Features Inventory, New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game, Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Private landowners, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Toledo Zoo, Roger Williams Park Zoo - RI Work type not yet selected Internal Technical Assistance The USFWS as well as its partners (e.g., states and Federal Agencies) have produced KBB outreach information. The WI Statewide HCP has produced significant outreach materials as well. The KBB is one of the Midwest FWS website "featured species."
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 4.2 Inform local governments of Karner blue butterfly recovery units Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Management: Planning Internal Technical Assistance On-going as needed. In 2010 Wood County Highway Department became a partner to the WI Statewide KBB HCP.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 4.3 Encourage private landowners to conserve the Karner blue butterfly. Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Private landowners, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Other Internal Technical Assistance The FWS's "Partners for F&W Program," as well as The Nature Conservancy, Indiana National Lakeshore, and various states through grant programs (e.g., LIP) are accomplishing this on-going task. The ITP issued for the WI KBB Statewide HCP is providing a streamlined regulatory approach to cover take of KBBs on private lands; and partners to the HCP provide outreach to the public. Much education is done by the Albany Pine Bush Discovery Center (NY); in 2012 Kbb recovery information was included in 58 public programs and events. In 2012 the Wilton Preserve and Park (NY) staff and interns conducted butterfly walks that included Kbb observations in the Saratoga Sandplains area.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 4.4 Assess the needs, goals, and outcomes for public outreach Not Started Other To be determined Other Labor type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 5.31 Research - Ecology of local populations Ongoing Current Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, The Nature Conservancy, Albany Pine Bush Preserve Commission, Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Private landowners, Universities, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Wilton Wildlife Preserve and Park Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Should be distributed over several projects. Ecological studies included in PhD dissertation by Steve Fuller (SUNY 2008). Tracy Feldman (UW-Stevens Point) started research related to ants/Kbb in 2010 in WI.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 5.32 Research - Effects of human activities Not Started Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, The Nature Conservancy, Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Focus on rights-ofway and developed areas
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 5.33 Research - Browse thresholds Ongoing Current FY 2010 FY 2014 Other U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division Research: Other Information Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance A deer browse study was started in 2010 iby USGS and the Univ of Notre Dame and is ongoing.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 5.34 Research -Re-establishment of lupine Not Started Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, The Nature Conservancy, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Private landowners Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Establishment after canopy is opened in areas where lupine is limiting
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 5.35 Research - Population structure Ongoing Not Current FY 2008 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, The Nature Conservancy, Universities Work type not yet selected Graduate Student, Contract Steve Fuller completed his PhD dissertation on the Population Dynamics of the KBB in 2008. His work was done at the Albany Pine Bush (NY) Kbb metapopulation area which has highly fragmented habitat.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 5.36 Taxonomy research Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 Other Universities Research: Genetics Species Expert Genetic research has found that KBBs are a single taxonomic group (Gompert et al. 2008). Forister et al. (2010) examined the relationship between the KBB (Lycaeides melissa samuelis), L. melissa and L. idas using a large population-genomic dataset and a model of population divergence with migration. Gene flow between the KBB and L. melissa is low and is comparable to gene flow between L. melissa and L. idas. Based on this evidence, the authors concluded that KBBs should be considered a full species, Lycaeides samuelis.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 5.37 Develop monitoring protocols using non-adult life stages Not Started Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Hampshire Department of Fish and Game Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 5.38 Research the effects of atmospheric nitrogen on lupine Not Started Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, To be determined Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 6.1 Develop a clearinghouse for Karner blue butterfly data and information Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Other Internal Technical Assistance Review annually. The FWS's GBFO is maintaining a KBB library with the help of USGS.
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 6.2 Conduct Recovery Team meetings Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Recovery Team Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Hold Recovery Team Meetings every 2-3 years as needed. The last full team meeting was in 2004. Since 2007, the KBB Recovery Team "meets" via conference calls twice a year (fall and spring).
Recovery Plan for the Karner Blue Butterfly F 3 Green Bay Ecological Services Field Office (920) 866-1717 Karner blue butterfly Lycaeides melissa samuelis 3 6.4 Hold periodic meetings to promote recovery and information sharing Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Recovery Team Other: Information and Education Labor type not yet selected The last full team meeting was held in 2004. In Nov. 2007,the KBB Recovery Team started having conference calls every 6 months, which have continued through 2012. All states have active KBB working groups.