Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 1 1.1 Landowner involvement and outreach. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Texas A&M University, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Natural Resources Conservation Association, Other Other: Information and Education Contract, Internal Technical Assistance Continue to provide information to landowners for protection of the cactus. FY08, G. Janssen contacted landowners. In 2011 TNC Conservation and Restoration of Star Cactus Final Report, plant surveys were reviewed with land owners, Peyote sellers were educated on proper identification to reduce misidentification and identification cards were distributed for field use. 1.1-1 During FY 2017, the Cactus Conservation Institute (CCI) submitted a non-traditional section 6 proposal to USFWS for acquisition of fee title to a 480+ acre ranch in Starr County. The CCI proposes for the Nature Conservancy of Texas to manage this property to conserve the endangered star cactus, Zapata bladderpod, as well the recently delisted Johnston's frankenia (formerly considered endangered). Ongoing Current 2017 2017 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 1 1.1 Landowner involvement and outreach. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Texas A&M University, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Natural Resources Conservation Association, Other Other: Information and Education Contract, Internal Technical Assistance Continue to provide information to landowners for protection of the cactus. FY08, G. Janssen contacted landowners. In 2011 TNC Conservation and Restoration of Star Cactus Final Report, plant surveys were reviewed with land owners, Peyote sellers were educated on proper identification to reduce misidentification and identification cards were distributed for field use. 1.1-2 During FY 2017, Sonia Najera, Nature Conservancy of Texas, actively coordinated with the landowner directly adjacent to the Las Estrellas Preserve regarding potential salvage of cactus from his property if it sells. The tract of land is for sale and is already being platted for subdivision into ranchettes (mulitple ownership), therefore unless funding is found for purchase of the property, the remaining option for the cactus is to develop a plan to salvage cacti and replant on Las Estrellas. Ongoing Current 2017 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 1 1.2 Develop and implement star cactus stewardship agreements with voluntary landowners whose long and short term land-use goals are compatible with star cactus recovery needs. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 The Nature Conservancy U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Cost will depend on number of populations found on private land and willingness of landowners to promote star cactus recovery. Costs may continue through Year 10 at an approximate cost of $4,000/year. In FY08, G. Janssen contacted landowners. Eight cooperative agreements with land owners have been signed. These agreements protect 2,835 acres with A. asterias located on the property (TNC Conservation and Restoration of Star Cactus Final Report, 2011). TNC has purchased property to protect and manage Star cactus (Las Estrellas Preserve).
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 1 1.3 Enforce applicable laws and regulations. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Natural Resources Conservation Association, Other Management: Land Use, Other: Information and Education, Other: Law Enforcement Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Ongoing as needed throughout recovery program; may increase as information on threat of illegal collection is quantified. In FY14, star cactus included as a target species for surveys required as part of section 7 consultations for a large electric transmission line (345kV line) that will extend between Laredo and the Lower Rio Grande Valley. Surveys for star cactus were also carried out for the USDA's Tick Rider fence, which will extend Roma to Laredo. 1.3-1 In FY14, star cactus was among the target species for surveys required as part of section 7 consultations for a large electric transmission line (345kV line that will run 150 miles within a 150-wide ROW) that will extend between Laredo and the Lower Rio Grande Valley. Star cactus was also included as a species to be surveyed for in a consultation for the USDA's APHIS Tick Rider's Fence project (Roma to Laredo). Ongoing Current 2014 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected Plant surveys required for the electric transmission line are being conducted by a private consultant and are currently underway (as of August 2014) but not completed. Surveys for the Tick Rider's fence were completed in 2014 but no star cactus was found to occur within the fence project area.
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 1 1.3 Enforce applicable laws and regulations. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Natural Resources Conservation Association, Other Management: Land Use, Other: Information and Education, Other: Law Enforcement Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Ongoing as needed throughout recovery program; may increase as information on threat of illegal collection is quantified. In FY14, star cactus included as a target species for surveys required as part of section 7 consultations for a large electric transmission line (345kV line) that will extend between Laredo and the Lower Rio Grande Valley. Surveys for star cactus were also carried out for the USDA's Tick Rider fence, which will extend Roma to Laredo. 1.3-2 LRGVNWR Plant Ecologist coordination with BP in peyote seizure case - star cactus similar apperance Ongoing Current 2016 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected In FY15, LRGVNWR Plant Ecologist provided an Identification Guide to Star Cactus to BP following a seizure of peyote. Purpose of providing the guide was for BP to identify whether any star cactus were among the confiscated peyote plants. No response back from FWS LE yet about whether star cactus was found.
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 1 1.3 Enforce applicable laws and regulations. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Natural Resources Conservation Association, Other Management: Land Use, Other: Information and Education, Other: Law Enforcement Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Ongoing as needed throughout recovery program; may increase as information on threat of illegal collection is quantified. In FY14, star cactus included as a target species for surveys required as part of section 7 consultations for a large electric transmission line (345kV line) that will extend between Laredo and the Lower Rio Grande Valley. Surveys for star cactus were also carried out for the USDA's Tick Rider fence, which will extend Roma to Laredo. 1.3-3 FY15 LRGVNWR coordination with El Sauz Water District contractor on water line placement. Complete Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected During FY15, LRGVNWR Plant Ecologist provided star cactus identification guide to contractor who was surveying route for an El Sauz Water District replacement water line that was going through range of star cactus. She coordinated with the contractor about avoiding plants on private property and then coordinated with Ecological Services regarding sect 7 consultation.
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 1 2.1.3.1 Study effects of land use practices on star cactus and its associated habitat. Complete FY 2000 - FY 2004 FY 2010 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department The Nature Conservancy, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Research: Habitat Status Graduate Student, Contract In 2010, completed a Sec. 6 Final Report that included vegetative community members including most prevalent within survey transects, species within 2-m belt of transect, and species associated with pilot reintroduction project; this was then compared with the soil data. The section 6 report is entitled "The Research and Recovery of Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias), TPWD Grant #E-46WFR02 #126181, Janssen et al. 2010 (July 6, 2010).
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 1 2.2.1 Conduct demographic analysis of the populations. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Texas A&M University, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, University of Texas - Pan American Research: Demographic Studies Species Expert In 2010, completed a Sec. 6 Final Report included demographic analysis of 7 transects on 4 properties from 2004-2009. The section 6 report is entitled "The Research and Recovery of Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias), TPWD Grant #E-46WFR02 #126181, Janssen et al. 2010 (July 6, 2010). In spring 2014, TNC contracted with a private botanist who assembled a team of volunteers to collect data on number of plants, age classes (as determined by size classes), and distribution was collected at TNC's Las Estrella's Preserve. 2.2.1-1 In spring 2014, a consulting botanist under contract to TNC, assembled a team and carried out star cactus surveys on TNC's Las Estrella's Preserve in Starr County. Numbers of cacti, age classes (as determined by size), and distribution was among the information collected. Complete 2014 2014 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 1 3 Search for new populations. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Other Research: Population Surveys Contract, Internal Field Assistance Surveys should continue as needed. FY08, Janssen Biol., Inc. surveyed for new populations and found at least 1. According to the 2010 Sec. 6 Final Report from TPWD, there are currently 25 populations however, surveying has been spotty. In FY14, star cactus was among listed plant species included in surveys for a new tick rider fence and a proposed electric transmission line. 3-1 In FY14, Janssen Biological was contracted to survey a proposed route for a transmission line that will extend from Laredo to Cameron County. She began surveys that are continuing. Also in FY14, surveys for star cactus were carried out for a proposed fence for USDA's Tick Rider Program Ongoing Current 2015 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 1 4 Establish a botanical garden Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Center for Plant Conservation, San Antonio Botanical Gardens Management: Propagation Species Expert FY08: LBJWC has outline of cultivation; DBG is also seed banking. As of 2011, 3 Star Cactus individuals are in the "living collection", and as of May 2011, 9,923-10,041 seeds are currently stored and maintained at DBG seed room.
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 1 7 Develop a public information and awareness program. Ongoing Current FY 2014 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Other, Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge Management: Planning, Management: Land Use Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Some identification materials were developed in 2014 and training of other agency personnel carried out. During FY16, Kim Wahl, LRGVNWR, provided assistance to NCE on TNC's Las Estrellas Preserve in Starr County in identifying locations for a road repair contractor so that star cactus plants could be avoided during planning and construction. Kim also provided awareness training for the U.S. Customs and Border Patrol and gave them an identification guide. In FY 2017, Kim Wahl, USFWS LRGVNWR, provided technical assistance to the new NRCS District Conservationist in Starr Co. by showing him star cactus in the field at Las Estrellas Preserve. 7-1 In FY 14, the LRGVNWR's Plant Ecologist, Kim Wahl, developed a field identification sheet for star cactus. She used this to help TNC, Ecological Services, and Janssen Biological, Inc. to train NRCS staff to recognize the species in the field so that they could in turn assist landowners to identify the species for conservation purposes. Complete 2014 2014 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 1 7 Develop a public information and awareness program. Ongoing Current FY 2014 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Other, Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge Management: Planning, Management: Land Use Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Some identification materials were developed in 2014 and training of other agency personnel carried out. During FY16, Kim Wahl, LRGVNWR, provided assistance to NCE on TNC's Las Estrellas Preserve in Starr County in identifying locations for a road repair contractor so that star cactus plants could be avoided during planning and construction. Kim also provided awareness training for the U.S. Customs and Border Patrol and gave them an identification guide. In FY 2017, Kim Wahl, USFWS LRGVNWR, provided technical assistance to the new NRCS District Conservationist in Starr Co. by showing him star cactus in the field at Las Estrellas Preserve. 7-2 During FY16, Kim Wahl, LRGVNWR, provided assistance to NCE on TNC's Las Estrellas Preserve in Starr County in identifying locations for a road repair contractor so that star cactus plants could be avoided during planning and construction. Kim also provided awareness training for the U.S. Customs and Border Patrol and gave them an identification guide. Ongoing Current Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 1 7 Develop a public information and awareness program. Ongoing Current FY 2014 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Other, Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge Management: Planning, Management: Land Use Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Some identification materials were developed in 2014 and training of other agency personnel carried out. During FY16, Kim Wahl, LRGVNWR, provided assistance to NCE on TNC's Las Estrellas Preserve in Starr County in identifying locations for a road repair contractor so that star cactus plants could be avoided during planning and construction. Kim also provided awareness training for the U.S. Customs and Border Patrol and gave them an identification guide. In FY 2017, Kim Wahl, USFWS LRGVNWR, provided technical assistance to the new NRCS District Conservationist in Starr Co. by showing him star cactus in the field at Las Estrellas Preserve. 7-3 In FY 2017 (summer), Kim Wahl, LRGV NWR plant ecologist, helped the USDA's NRCS new district conservationist for Starr County with field identification of star cactus at the TNC's Las Estrella's Preserve in Starr Co. The DC would like to follow up with a training for local NRCS staff so that they can recognize all the S Texas listed plants in the field and be more aware of the plants' needs for project planning purposes. Complete Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 2 2.1.1 Study soils and underlying geology. Complete FY 2000 - FY 2004 FY 2010 The Nature Conservancy, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Research: Habitat Requirements Graduate Student, Contract, Internal Technical Assistance In a 2010 Sec. 6 Final Report, soil surveys within subpopulations were examined. The section 6 report is entitled "The Research and Recovery of Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias, TPWD Grant #E-46WFR02 #126181, Janssen et al. 2010 (July 6, 2010). 2.1.1-1 In 2010, work concluded on a star cactus study that was funded through section 6. This study included soils analysis. The section 6 report is entitled "The Research and Recovery of Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias), TPWD Grant #E-46WFR02 #126181, Janssen et al. 2010 (July 6, 2010). Complete 2003 2010 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 2 2.1.2 Determine community structure. Complete FY 2000 - FY 2004 FY 2010 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department The Nature Conservancy, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Research: Ecosystem Studies Species Expert, Contract In 2010, completed a Sec. 6 Final Report that included vegetative community members including most prevalent within survey transects, species within 2-m belt of transect, and species associated with pilot reintroduction project; this was then compared with the soil data. The section 6 report is entitled "The Research and Recovery of Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias), TPWD Grant #E-46WFR02 #126181, Janssen et al. 2010 (July 6, 2010).
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 2 2.1.3.3 Study interactions with other species. Unknown FY 2000 - FY 2004 FY 2010 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department The Nature Conservancy, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Research: Competition Graduate Student, Contract In FY10, a Sec. 6 Final Report looked at herbivory using motion-sensor cameras and quadrats to identify herbivores; also found mammalian and insect herbivory. The report also investigated A. asteria association with other plants and objects (i.e. rocks). The section 6 report is entitled "The Research and Recovery of Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias), TPWD Grant #E-46WFR02 #126181, Janssen et al. 2010 (July 6, 2010).
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 2 2.2.2 Characterize phenology Complete FY 2000 - FY 2004 FY 2010 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Other Research: Other Information Species Expert In FY2010, a TPWD Final Report investigated phenology patterns that also included the timing of fruit and floral development and fruit and seed production. The section 6 report is entitled "The Research and Recovery of Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias), TPWD Grant #E-46WFR02 #126181, Janssen et al. 2010 (July 6, 2010).
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 2 2.2.3 Study pollination biology. Complete FY 2000 - FY 2004 FY 2010 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Other Research: Ecosystem Studies Species Expert Pollinator limitation, insect visitors, pollinator effectivness, pollen dispersal, and associate cacti insect visitors were studied as part of the section 6 project that began in 2003 and concluded in 2010. The section 6 report is entitled "The Research and Recovery of Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias), TPWD Grant #E-46WFR02 #126181, Janssen et al. 2010 (July 6, 2010).
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 2 2.2.4 Study seed production and dispersal in the wild. Complete FY 2000 - FY 2004 FY 2010 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Other Research: Ecosystem Studies Species Expert Breeding systems and out-crossing distances needed for pollination were studied as part of the section 6 project that began in 2003 and ended in 2010. The section 6 report is entitled "The Research and Recovery of Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias), TPWD Grant #E-46WFR02 #126181, Janssen et al. 2010 (July 6, 2010).
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 2 2.2.5 Study seedling recruitment. Complete FY 2000 - FY 2004 FY 2010 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Other Research: Demographic Studies Species Expert Recruitment of seedlings was studied as part of the section 6 project that began in 2003 and ended in 2010. Demographic studies and research included a small portion on seedling establishment, along with the pilot reintroduction. Results of this research and monitoring suggested that rainfall is the determining factor in successful establishment. The section 6 report is entitled "The Research and Recovery of Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias), TPWD Grant #E-46WFR02 #126181, Janssen et al. 2010 (July 6, 2010).
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 2 2.2.6 Research genetics Partially Complete FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Texas A&M University, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, University of Texas - Pan American Research: Genetics Species Expert In 2006, Dr. Martin Terry published a paper on the development of polymorphic microsatellite markers for Star Cactus. He found that three of the populations had high levels of heterozygosity and genetic diversity, considering their small sizes. The fourth population, which was the smallest and isolated by distance from the other populations had low levels of heteryzygosity and genetic diversity. He has isolated DNA from two additional populations and these data and data from any additional populations located in the next year will be included in a final larger analysis.
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 2 2.3 Develop management/monitoring programs for existing and reintroduced populations. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Texas A&M University, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, University of Texas - Pan American Management: Population Monitoring Contract Management/monitoring programs should continue to be developed or amended as needed, based on results. Based on a draft restoration plan developed by TNC's South Texas Project Director, TNC began monitoring restored areas (reintroductions of star cactus) that had been damaged by seismic activity on 3 ranches, and monitoring has occurred 2 times/year in October 2012 and in April 2013. In FY14, Kim Wahl, LRGVNWR, carried out this monitoring on 2 of the 3 ranches (Edgerton and Castenada). Also in FY14, TNC contracted with Janssen Biological, Inc. to monitor its Las Estrellas Preserve star cactus population. Final reports from this March 2014 effort at Las Estrellas will be available in the future from TNC. 2.3-1 In FY14, Kim Wahl, LRGVNWR, carried out monitoring of reintroduced star cactus on 2 of the 3 ranches (Edgerton and Castenada), per TNC's draft restoration plan for star cactus damaged during seismic activity prior 2010. Complete 2014 2014 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 2 2.3 Develop management/monitoring programs for existing and reintroduced populations. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Texas A&M University, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, University of Texas - Pan American Management: Population Monitoring Contract Management/monitoring programs should continue to be developed or amended as needed, based on results. Based on a draft restoration plan developed by TNC's South Texas Project Director, TNC began monitoring restored areas (reintroductions of star cactus) that had been damaged by seismic activity on 3 ranches, and monitoring has occurred 2 times/year in October 2012 and in April 2013. In FY14, Kim Wahl, LRGVNWR, carried out this monitoring on 2 of the 3 ranches (Edgerton and Castenada). Also in FY14, TNC contracted with Janssen Biological, Inc. to monitor its Las Estrellas Preserve star cactus population. Final reports from this March 2014 effort at Las Estrellas will be available in the future from TNC. 2.3-2 In FY14, Janssen Biological, Inc. assembled a team and carried out star cactus monitoring on TNC's Las Estrellas Preserve in Starr County. Ongoing Current 2014 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 2 5 Establish new populations if necessary. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Center for Plant Conservation, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Management: Propagation Species Expert Costs may continue through Year 10, as necessary. In Spring of FY07 and fall of FY08, 120 seeds and 120 seedlings planted in plots at TNC's Las Estrellas Preserve; monitoring of germination and survival. Results from the 2007 Pilot Reintroduction: Of the seeds and seedlings planted in the spring and fall, only 5 and 4 seeds and 78 and 87 seedlings, respectively, survived the 14 month observation period (2010 Sect. 6 Final Report).
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 2 6 Develop and implement a formal conservation agreement for star cactus between the United States and Mexico. Unknown FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico, Universidad de Nuevo Leon Other: Regulations, Other: Administration Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Cost estimates will be developed when interested parties have been identified; would include meeting/travel cost. No agreement has been obtained as of July 2011.
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 3 2.1.3.2 Study responses to periodic or cyclic processes such as flooding, fire, drought, and freezing temperatures. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Texas A&M University, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, University of Texas - Pan American Research: Ecosystem Studies Graduate Student, Species Expert In FY08, Texas State University studied mammalian and insect herbivory. At the TNC property at beginning of 2013, the area has experienced extreme drought conditions. All plants were below ground and covered in dirt. Site experienced good rainfall in May 2013 and plants started to appear through cracks in soil. No herbivory was observed this FY2013. In spring and summer of FY 14, the star cactus populations at TNC's Las Estrella's and on a private ranch in Starr County were monitored to look at the effects of the extended drought. Rainfall did occur in early FY2014 and star cactus and habitat appeared healthy during 2014 surveys. 2.1.3.2-1 Surveys and site visits were made to TNC's Las Estrellas Preserve (March 2014) and a private Starr County ranch (June 2014) to observe the condition of the plants following an extended drought and then more recent rainfall events. Complete 2014 2014 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Star Cactus (Astrophytum asterias) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Star cactus Astrophytum asterias 3 8 Evaluate progress toward recovery, management direction, and status of information needed to develop delisting criteria within five years. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service The Nature Conservancy, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico, Universidad de Nuevo Leon, Other Management: General Internal Field Assistance Cost of this action can not be estimated until progress in Actions 1-6 is achieved. If significant adaptation to management is not needed, costs will be negligible. If a recovery team is convened (or other significant action taken), costs could include meeting, travel, or related costs. A 5 year review has been initiated.