Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Bluemask (=Jewel) Darter (Etheostoma (Doration) sp.) Recovery Plan F 4 Tennessee Ecological Services Field Office (931) 528-6481 bluemask darter Etheostoma akatulo 1 1 Continue to utilize existing legislation and regulations to protect species and its habitat Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Law Enforcement Division, Other Federal Agencies, State Conservation Agencies, USFWS Regional Office 4 Other: Regulations Internal Field Assistance For all tasks with Responsible Parties: SCA - Includes the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency and the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation; FA - Includes the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and U.S. Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Bluemask (=Jewel) Darter (Etheostoma (Doration) sp.) Recovery Plan F 4 Tennessee Ecological Services Field Office (931) 528-6481 bluemask darter Etheostoma akatulo 1 2 Solicit help in the protection and conservation of the species and its habitat Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, The Nature Conservancy, Other Federal Agencies, State Conservation Agencies, USFWS Regional Office 4 Other: Information and Education Internal Field Assistance
Bluemask (=Jewel) Darter (Etheostoma (Doration) sp.) Recovery Plan F 4 Tennessee Ecological Services Field Office (931) 528-6481 bluemask darter Etheostoma akatulo 1 3 Develop programs like "Partners for Wildlife" with willing landowners to protect and improve habitat quality Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, The Nature Conservancy, Other Federal Agencies, State Conservation Agencies, USFWS Regional Office 4 Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Internal Field Assistance
Bluemask (=Jewel) Darter (Etheostoma (Doration) sp.) Recovery Plan F 4 Tennessee Ecological Services Field Office (931) 528-6481 bluemask darter Etheostoma akatulo 1 4 Develop information and education program and present Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, The Nature Conservancy, Other Federal Agencies, State Conservation Agencies, USFWS Regional Office 4 Other: Information and Education Internal Field Assistance Task duration: 1 year then continuous
Bluemask (=Jewel) Darter (Etheostoma (Doration) sp.) Recovery Plan F 4 Tennessee Ecological Services Field Office (931) 528-6481 bluemask darter Etheostoma akatulo 1 5 Conduct research necessary for species' management and recovery; i.e., habitat requirements, biology, and threat analysis Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, The Nature Conservancy, Other Federal Agencies, State Conservation Agencies, USFWS Regional Office 4 Research: Population Assessment, Research: Habitat Requirements, Research: Demographic Studies, Research: Reintroduction, Research: Genetics Graduate Student, Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance, Internal Administrative Simmons et al. (2008) studied age-class structure and variability of two populations (Rocky River and Collins River) of the bluemask darter. Simmons and Layzer (2004) studied spawning behavior and spawning microhabitat in the Collins River population from May 29 through July 1, 2002. Layzer and Brady (2002) determined bluemask darter microhabitat usage during June - September 2000. Smith (2005) studied the population genetics of bluemask darters using microsatellites to determine the level of gene flow among seemingly isolated populations, and to determine the amount of inbreeding within populations. Layman, Simons and Wood (1993), Simmons and Layzer (2004), and Simmons (2004) determined potential and actual threats to the bluemask darter. TVA and FWS have been conducting a bluemask darter genetic study (late FY 2011 and FY 2012 - ongoing). This study will: 1) describe the genetic diversity of the bluemask darter in and among sampling localities presumed to represent populations, 2) delineate these puntative populations into conservation units that show significant differences, 3) determine if differences are biologically relevant, 4) estimate effective population size and compare to known bench marks, 5) estimate census size of units, and 6) perform a population viability analysis of each unit. (Some genetic materials from the Caney Fork River were previously accessed as part of this above study).
Bluemask (=Jewel) Darter (Etheostoma (Doration) sp.) Recovery Plan F 4 Tennessee Ecological Services Field Office (931) 528-6481 bluemask darter Etheostoma akatulo 1 6 Based on biological and threat analyses, investigate need for management and implement where needed Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, The Nature Conservancy, Other Federal Agencies, State Conservation Agencies, USFWS Regional Office 4 Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Bluemask (=Jewel) Darter (Etheostoma (Doration) sp.) Recovery Plan F 4 Tennessee Ecological Services Field Office (931) 528-6481 bluemask darter Etheostoma akatulo 1 7 Determine number of individuals required to maintain viable population Ongoing Current U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, The Nature Conservancy, Other Federal Agencies, State Conservation Agencies, USFWS Regional Office 4 Research: Population Assessment, Research: Population Surveys, Research: Demographic Studies, Research: Genetics Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance, Internal Administrative The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) and FWS began a genetics study of known bluemask darter populations in late FY 2011, and this effort has continued into FY 2012. Part of this study entails estimating effective population size and compare those to known bench marks, estimating census size of conservation units (individual populations), and performing a population viability analysis of each unit.
Bluemask (=Jewel) Darter (Etheostoma (Doration) sp.) Recovery Plan F 4 Tennessee Ecological Services Field Office (931) 528-6481 bluemask darter Etheostoma akatulo 2 10 Develop and implement a monitoring program Ongoing Current FY 2008 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, The Nature Conservancy, Other Federal Agencies, State Conservation Agencies, USFWS Regional Office 4 Research: Population Assessment, Research: Population Surveys, Management: Population Monitoring Internal Field Assistance The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) initiated a program to monitor the bluemask darter in 2008; this program provides a baseline for measuring future trends. TVA has confirmed species presence at locations in the Collins River (Warren and Grundy counties, TN), upper Caney Fork River (White County, TN) , Rocky River (Van Buren County, TN), and Cane Creek (Van Buren County, TN). They have also documented lack of the species in the Calfkiller River (White County, TN), where a population occurred historically. Populations will continue to be monitored every two to three years in these systems.
Bluemask (=Jewel) Darter (Etheostoma (Doration) sp.) Recovery Plan F 4 Tennessee Ecological Services Field Office (931) 528-6481 bluemask darter Etheostoma akatulo 2 8 Search for additional populations and suitable habitat Complete FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, The Nature Conservancy, Other Federal Agencies, State Conservation Agencies, USFWS Regional Office 4 Research: Population Surveys Species Expert, Internal Field Assistance Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) conducted an Index of Biological Integrity (IBI) Survey on the Calfkiller River in White County, TN in 2010. Sampling confirmed that bluemask darters are extirpated in the Calfkiller River. TVA assessed portions of the Calfkiller River for suitable bluemask darter habitat to allow for potential reintroductions during the summer of 2009. They found that suitable physical habitat existed in many reaches. These findings were similar to surveys conducted in the past to determine whether adeqaute suitable bluemask darter habitat existed in the Calfkiller River (Simmons 2004; Layman 1991).
Bluemask (=Jewel) Darter (Etheostoma (Doration) sp.) Recovery Plan F 4 Tennessee Ecological Services Field Office (931) 528-6481 bluemask darter Etheostoma akatulo 2 9 Develop techniques, select sites, reintroduce the species back into historic habitat, and evaluate and protect any populations established Ongoing Current FY 2008 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, The Nature Conservancy, Other Federal Agencies, State Conservation Agencies, USFWS Regional Office 4 Research: Population Assessment, Research: Ecosystem Studies, Research: Population Surveys, Research: Habitat Status, Research: Demographic Studies, Research: Propagation, Research: Environmental Contaminants, Research: Reintroduction, Research: Genetics Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance, Internal Administrative The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) assessed portions of the Calfkiller River (White County, TN) for suitable bluemask darter habitat to allow for potential reintroductions during the summer of 2009. They found that suitable physical habitat existed in many reaches. These findings were similar to surveys conducted in the past to determine whether adeqaute suitable bluemask darter habitat existed in the Calfkiller River (Simmons 2004; Layman 1991). TVA conducted an Index of Biological Integrity (IBI) Survey on the Calfkiller River in 2010. Sampling confirmed that the species is extirpated in the Calfkiller River. Water quality sampling and benthic macroinvertebrate community sampling in the Calfkiller River indicated relatively healthy ecological conditions in this system. TVA and the FWS coordinated to collect genetic materials from known populations of bluemask darters in fall 2011; analysis of the genetic structure of these populations along with demographic and life history data has continued into 2012. Some analysis of genetic materials from the Caney Fork system had occurred previously. If it determined that the Collins River population is demographically stable enough to provide a source from which to translocate individuals (likely only existing population large enough to serve as a source), introductions might be attempted in the Calfkiller River, as an alternative to establishing a captive propagation program. However, population genetics data must first be sufficient for evaluating the distribution of genetic variation among individual populations of bluemask darters. If it is determined that existing populations can not function as a source of individuals for introduction into the Calfkiller River, a captive propagation program may be considered. Before any reintroduction attempts are made, additional investigations into why the species became extinct in the Calfkiller River are warranted to ensure that a population can be adequately reestablished without falling into a similar fate.
Bluemask (=Jewel) Darter (Etheostoma (Doration) sp.) Recovery Plan F 4 Tennessee Ecological Services Field Office (931) 528-6481 bluemask darter Etheostoma akatulo 3 11 Annually assess recovery program and modify program and plan where required Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, The Nature Conservancy, Other Federal Agencies, State Conservation Agencies, USFWS Regional Office 4 Research: Population Assessment, Research: Ecosystem Studies, Management: Planning, Research: Habitat Status, Research: Demographic Studies, Research: Environmental Contaminants, Research: Reintroduction, Research: Genetics Internal Field Assistance Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) conducted an Index of Biological Integrity (IBI) Survey on the Calfkiller River in White County, TN in 2010. Sampling confirmed that the species is extirpated in the Calfkiller River. Water quality sampling and benthic macroinvertebrate community sampling in the Calfkiller River indicated relatively healthy ecological conditions in this system. Habitat surveys determined that sufficient suitable habitat is available to bluemask darters. TVA and the FWS coordinated to collect genetic materials from known populations of bluemask darters in fall of 2011. The FWS is currently analyzing the genetic structure of these populations along with demographic and life history data. This research will be published in the near furure. If it determined that the Collins River population is demographically stable enough to provide a source from which to translocate individuals (likely only existing population large enough to serve as a source), introductions might be attempted in the Calfkiller River, as an alternative to establishing a captive propagation program. However, population genetics data must first be sufficient for evaluating the distribution of genetic variation among individual populations of bluemask darters. If it is determined that existing populations can not function as a source of individuals for introduction into the Calfkiller River, a captive propagation program may be considered. The recovery program for this species will continue to be adjusted, as needed, based on the results of surveys and research studies.