Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 1 1.1 Protect and secure China Hill occurrence Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 Other California Department of Fish and Game, Private landowners, California Wildlife Conservation Board, City of Yreka Acquisition: Fee Title Internal Administrative On July 26, 2006, the California Wildlife Conservation Board conveyed an additional 8 ha (24 ac) to the City of Yreka for Phlox hirsuta conservation on China Hill. In January 2017, California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) submitted a Section 6 grant proposal to the Service to acquire additional properties on China Hill. On April 27, 2018, the Service notified CDFW that the Yreka Phlox at China Hill Recovery Land Acquisition grant had been awarded.
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 1 1.2 Protect and secure Soap Creek Ridge, Cracker Gulch, and Jackson Street occurrences. Alternatively, protect the Soap Creek Ridge occurrence and substitutes for Cracker Gulch and Jackson Street occurrences Ongoing Current FY 2010 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service California Department of Transportation, U.S. Forest Service, Private landowners Acquisition: General Internal Administrative
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 1 3.1 Write and implement a plan for seed storage Ongoing Not Current FY 2008 Other California Department of Fish and Game, Center for Plant Conservation, Universities or Colleges Management: Propagation Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance, Internal Administrative Through a Section 6 grant and volunteer assistance, CDFG and Service staff started collecting seeds on China Hill in June 2008 and continued this effort in June 2009. Seeds have been accessioned at Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden.
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 1 3.2 Write and implement a plan to develop propagation techniques. If future evidence indicates that collection for horticultural purposes occurs frequently and is not controlled by outreach about Phlox hirsuta, then consider developing guidelines which would allow legal nursery acquisition and sale of P. hirsuta plants without threatening native populations Complete FY 2006 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service, Siskiyou County, California, Nurseries Management: Propagation Contract The March 23, 2006, final report for a Section 6, project: Ferguson, C.S., J. Filipski, and K. Donham (2006) entitled "The mating system of the Yreka phlox (Phlox hirsuta E.E. Nelson)." Southern Oregon University, Ashland, Oregon, describes propagation techniques for this species. These propagation techniques are also described in several journal articles by Lauren Ruane, Christopher Newport University, and colleagues.
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 2 2.1 Prepare a monitoring plan that will identify threats and adverse impacts to Phlox hirsuta occurrences Ongoing Current FY 2008 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service, Private landowners, Universities or Colleges Research: Population Surveys Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance, Internal Administrative A pilot study for a long-term population and threats monitoring program was initiated in the 2008 field season and continued in the 2009 field season. An eleventh year of population and threats monitoring was completed in the 2018 field season. A description of the monitoring plan, including results of the population and threats monitoring completed in 2018, needs to be prepared so that population and threats monitoring can be continued for five years after the species is delisted.
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 2 2.2 Implement threat monitoring Ongoing Current FY 2010 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Forest Service, Private landowners, City of Yreka Research: Population Surveys Contract A pilot study for a long-term population and threats monitoring program was initiated in the 2008 field season and continued in the 2009 field season. An eleventh year of population and threats monitoring was completed in the 2018 field season. A description of the monitoring plan, including results of the population and threats monitoring completed in 2018, needs to be prepared so that population and threats monitoring can be continued for five years after the species is delisted.
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 2 2.4 Develop and implement a management plan for each protected site Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service California Department of Transportation, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service, Private landowners, Siskiyou County, California, City of Yreka Management: General Contract Although management plans for protected sites have not yet been developed, a Partners for Fish and Wildlife and other grants with the Siskiyou County (County) Department of Agriculture has resulted in exotic weed treatment in areas within and surrounding 2 of 5 Phlox hirsuta occurrences in 2008 and 2009 and 4 of 5 occurrences in 2010 through 2017. On May 20, 2013, May 20, 2014, April 29, 2015, June 3, 2016, August 31, 2017, and May 23, 2018, Service staff, in some years with the help of volunteers, manually removed weeds at the Cracker Gulch occurrence to assist the County with their annual weed treatment. On April 29, 2014, April 30,2015, April 20, 2016, May 31, 2017, and May 30, 2018, Service staff manually removed weeds on China Hill.
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 2 5.1 Determine whether Phlox hirsuta populations are stable, increasing, or declining over time Ongoing Current FY 2008 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service California Department of Fish and Game, Universities or Colleges Research: Population Surveys Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance, Internal Administrative A pilot study for a long-term population and threats monitoring program was initiated at 4 occurrences in the 2008 field season and continued in the 2009 field season. An eleventh year of the long-term population and threats monitoring program was completed in the 2018 field season. A report of the results of the population and threats monitoring project completed in 2018, needs to be prepared.
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 2 5.2 Determine breeding system, degree of seed production and seed viability, seed dormancy characteristics, and germination requirements Partially Complete FY 2000 - FY 2004 FY 2006 Other California Department of Fish and Game, Universities or Colleges Research: Demographic Studies Graduate Student, Contract In May 2008, the Service received the final report for a Section 6 project: Ferguson, C.S., J. Filipski, and K. Donham (2006). The mating system of the Yreka phlox (Phlox hirsuta E.E. Nelson). Southern Oregon University, Ashland, Oregon. In 2010, Lauren Ruane, Christopher Newport University, initiated a research project on the effect of pollination distance on Yreka phlox fruit set. Based on 2013 research conducted in the field and in growth chambers, Hancock et al. (2013), Christopher Newport University, presented a poster on factors limting reproductive success, at the annual Ecological Society of America meeting. Also see Ruane et al. (2014). Floral display size, conspecific density and florivory affect fruit set in natural populations of Phlox hirsuta, an endangered species. Annals of Botany 113:887-893. In 2015, Dr. Ruane was awarded a Section 6 grant for a project entitled: "Using genetic analyses and population modeling to assess the status, threats, and viability of Yreka phlox (Phlox hirsuta) and she and Dr. James Cohen, Kettering University, initiated this research in 2016. In 2017, Service staff collected leaves from putative hybrid P. hirsuta x P. speciosa and P. speciosa plants as part of this continuing research project.
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 2 5.3 Determine pollinators and pollination success Partially Complete FY 2000 - FY 2004 FY 2006 Other Universities or Colleges Research: Habitat Requirements Graduate Student, Contract In May 2008, the Service received the final report for a section 6 project: Ferguson, C.S., J. Filipski, and K. Donham (2006). The mating system of the Yreka phlox (Phlox hirsuta E.E. Nelson). Southern Oregon University, Ashland, Oregon. In 2010, Lauren Ruane, Christopher Newport University initiated a research project on the effect of pollination distance on Yreka phlox fruit set. Based on 2013 research conducted in the field and in growth chambers, Hancock et al. (2013), Christopher Newport University, presented a poster on factors limiting reproductive sucess at this year's Ecological Society of America meeting. Also see Ruane et al. (2014). Floral display size, conspecific density and florivory affect fruit set in natural populations of Phlox hirsuta, an endangered species. Annals of Botany 113:887-893. In 2015, Dr. Ruane was awarded a Section 6 grant for a project entitled: "Using genetic analyses and population modeling to assess the status, threats, and viability of Yreka phlox (Phlox hirsuta) and she and Dr. James Cohen, Kittering University initiated this research in 2016. In 2017, Service staff collected leaves from putative hybrid P. hirsuta x P. speciosa and P. speciosa plants as part of this continuing research project.
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 2 5.4 Determine whether specific disturbances (e.g., fire or soil disturbance) or other management actions are needed for successful or enhanced recruitment Not Started Other Universities or Colleges Research: Habitat Requirements Contract
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 3 2.3 Prepare a monitoring report at the end of 10 years that summarizes the findings of the threat-monitoring program Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service California Department of Transportation, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service, Private landowners, City of Yreka Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 3 3.3 Prepare a reintroduction plan that 1) specifies the conditions warranting and 2) guides the potential reintroduction of "off-site" Phlox hirsuta plant materials (seeds or plants) into areas currently supporting phlox or for establishing new wild-land occurrences Not Started Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service, Private landowners, Center for Plant Conservation, Universities or Colleges Management: Reintroduction Contract
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 3 4.1 Create a map that shows where surveys have been completed Complete FY 2006 FY 2007 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game Management: Planning Internal Administrative This information is housed at the Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office and the 2007 completion of the map was a coordinated effort between the FWS and CDFG.
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 3 4.2 Create incentives for private- and public-land surveys Ongoing Not Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game, Siskiyou County, California, City of Yreka Management: Planning, Research: Population Surveys Graduate Student, Species Expert, Contract, Internal Administrative Approximately 443 hectares (1093 acres) of potential habitat were surveyed for Phlox hirsuta in the 2006 field season. On April 3, 2017, a volunteer surveyed 43.8 acres of serpentine habitat north of China Hill, but failed to find any Yreka phlox plants. On April 27, 2017, Service and BLM Redding Field Office staff surveyed potential habitat on several BLM parcels but didn't locate any additional P. hirsuta populations.
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 3 4.3 Protect and secure at least two additional Phlox hirsuta occurrences (in addition to the China Hill, Soap Creek Ridge, Jackson Street, and Cracker Gulch occurrences) Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service, Private landowners, City of Yreka Acquisition: Lease, Acquisition: Easement, Acquisition: Management Agreement, Acquisition: Exchange, Acquisition: Withdrawal, Acquisition: Fee Title Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance, Internal Administrative
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 3 6.1 Participate in the Siskiyou County Wildflower Show Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other California Native Plant Society, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service, City of Yreka Other: Information and Education Volunteer, Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance, Internal Administrative
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 3 6.2 Develop China Hill interpretive display and encourage public participation Ongoing Current FY 2009 Other California Native Plant Society, City of Yreka Other: Information and Education Volunteer, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance, Internal Administrative On September 8, 2009, the City of Yreka adopted the Yreka phlox as its official City Flower. On May 1, 2010, April 30, 2011, May 5, 2012, May 4, 2013, May 3, 2014, May 2, 2015, April 20, 2016, April 5, 2017, and April 4, 2018, Service staff and a member of the Siskiyou Arboretum, led an interpretive walk on China Hill to discuss Yreka phlox recovery. On May 21, 2011, volunteers pulled noxious weeds on China Hill. On July 8, 2016, Service staff participated in a celebration of the installation of a stained glass window featuring Yreka phlox at Yreka Preservation Hall. To celebrate Earth Day, the Siskiyou Gardens, Parks and Greenway Association; City of Yreka; California Conservation Corps; and the Service hosted a Clean-up Day, April 21, 2018, on China Hill. Over 50 volunteers removed trash and broken glass during the half day celebration. In addition, 4 signs were installed and 8 erosion control water bars were constructed to prevent and reduce impacts from off-road vehicles. On June 22, 2018, Service staff continued the work started on Earth Day and removed more broken glass.
Final Recovery Plan for Phlox hirsuta (Yreka Phlox) F 8 Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office (530) 842-5763 Yreka phlox Phlox hirsuta 3 6.3 Encourage public participation in long-term monitoring Not Started Other California Native Plant Society, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service, City of Yreka Management: General, Other: Information and Education Volunteer, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance, Internal Administrative