Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 1.1 Develop standardized vernal pool habitat site assessment guidance. Not Started Other California Native Plant Society, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game Other Internal Technical Assistance 1.1-1 Documenting and predicting presence of vernal pool plants. Complete 2008 2012 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected Grant was provided by CVPCP to several vp specialists: Bob Holland, Steven Rae, Michael Barbour. 3 methods were compared: whole pool, transect, and community. Community-based sampling was the most accurate.
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 1.2 Conduct data analysis using Geographic Information Systems, remote sensing, and other techniques to facilitate vernal pool habitat protection efforts. Not Started FY 2064 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Research: Other Information Internal Field Assistance Assumes 58 years for delisting or downlisting
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 1.3.13 Conduct standardized vernal pool habitat site assessments for Southeastern Sacramento Valley vernal pool region Partially Complete FY 2011 Other To be decided Research: Habitat Status Contract Cost estimate for 37,621 hectares ( 92,960 acres). Project to map and quantify occupied habitat of 3 shrimp and one plant species in core areas in Sacramento and Placer Counties has been funded by CVPHRP.
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 1.3.14 Conduct standardized vernal pool habitat site assessments for Southern Sierra Foothills vernal pool region Partially Complete FY 2011 Other To be decided Research: Habitat Status Contract Cost estimate for 190,970 hectares ( 471,886 acres). Project to map and quantify occupied habitat of 3 shrimp and one plant species in core areas in Merced County has been funded by CVPHRP.
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 1.4.1.1 Ensure Federal agencies use their authority to protect species occurrences and their vernal pool habitat in Zone 1 core areas. Ongoing Current FY 2005 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service Acquisition: Easement, Management: Planning, Management: Land Use Internal Field Assistance To implement 7(a)(1), 7(a)(2) and other obligations. Conservation easements have been placed on habitat on Flying M Ranch, in Merced Co. for multiple vernal pool species and will be placed on Kiefer Landfill Preserve to protect Sacramento Orcutt grass, vernal pool fairy shrimp and vernal pool tadpole shrimp. 1.4.1.1-1 2012 Conservation Strategy for slender Orcutt grass for Modoc and Lassen NF and Alturus BLM Field Office. Complete Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected Strategy was completed in April 2012
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 1.4.2.1 Ensure State and local agencies use their authority to protect species occurrences and their vernal pool habitat in Zone 1 core areas. Ongoing Current FY 2005 Other County governments Acquisition: Easement Internal Field Assistance 1.4.2.1-1 Butte County HCP Ongoing Current 2005 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected To implement section 10 and other obligations. Butte County is currently developing an HCP/NRCCP to cover Butte County meadowfoam and shrimp.
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 1.4.3.1 Ensure existing conservation areas on private lands are managed to protect vernal pool species and habitat in Zone 1 core areas. Unknown Conservation Organizations, The Nature Conservancy, Landowners and Managers Conservation Organizations, The Nature Conservancy, Landowners and Managers Acquisition: Easement Internal Field Assistance To implement section 10 and other obligations
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 1.4.4.1 Protect remaining species occurrences and habitat, not currently protected on private land in Zone 1 core areas. Ongoing Not Current FY 2005 Other To be decided Acquisition: General Contract Maximum cost based on fee title acquisition for approximately 234,256 hectares (578,838 acres) 1.4.4.1-1 Protect vernal pool species and their habitat on Highway 41 in Madera Co. in a CalTrans mitigation bank. Complete Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected This bank was created only for mitigation of CalTrans projects that affect vernal pools. Opening date of the bank is unknown. Vernal pool habitat was created and restored.
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 1.4.4.1 Protect remaining species occurrences and habitat, not currently protected on private land in Zone 1 core areas. Ongoing Not Current FY 2005 Other To be decided Acquisition: General Contract Maximum cost based on fee title acquisition for approximately 234,256 hectares (578,838 acres) 1.4.4.1-2 Porter Ranch Mitigation Bank Partially Complete Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 1.4.4.1 Protect remaining species occurrences and habitat, not currently protected on private land in Zone 1 core areas. Ongoing Not Current FY 2005 Other To be decided Acquisition: General Contract Maximum cost based on fee title acquisition for approximately 234,256 hectares (578,838 acres) 1.4.4.1-3 Meridian Ranch Mitigation Bank Partially Complete Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 1.4.4.1 Protect remaining species occurrences and habitat, not currently protected on private land in Zone 1 core areas. Ongoing Not Current FY 2005 Other To be decided Acquisition: General Contract Maximum cost based on fee title acquisition for approximately 234,256 hectares (578,838 acres) 1.4.4.1-4 SMUD Nature Preserve Partially Complete Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 1.4.4.1 Protect remaining species occurrences and habitat, not currently protected on private land in Zone 1 core areas. Ongoing Not Current FY 2005 Other To be decided Acquisition: General Contract Maximum cost based on fee title acquisition for approximately 234,256 hectares (578,838 acres) 1.4.4.1-5 Noonan Ranch Conservation Bank Partially Complete Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 1.4.4.1 Protect remaining species occurrences and habitat, not currently protected on private land in Zone 1 core areas. Ongoing Not Current FY 2005 Other To be decided Acquisition: General Contract Maximum cost based on fee title acquisition for approximately 234,256 hectares (578,838 acres) 1.4.4.1-6 Sycamore Ranch Conservation Bank Partially Complete Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 2.1.1.1 Ensure Federal agencies conduct interim habitat management on lands in Zone 1 core areas. Ongoing Current FY 2006 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Natural Resources Conservation Service Management Internal Field Assistance Assumes long term management plan is developed and implemented in 5 years
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 2.1.2.1 Ensure State and local agencies conduct interim habitat management on lands in Zone 1 core areas. Ongoing Current FY 2006 Other California Department of Parks and Recreation, California State Lands Commission, County governments, California Department of Fish and Game Management Internal Administrative Assumes long term management plan is developed and implemented in 5 years
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 2.3.2.2 Ensure State and local agencies develop or improve existing management and monitoring plans. Partially Complete FY 2006 Other California Department of Parks and Recreation, California Department of Water Resources, County governments, Flood control districts, Irrigation Districts, California Department of Fish and Game, Utilities Management: Planning Contract Concurrent with interim management 2.3.2.2-1 Phoenix Field Preserve Management Plan Complete 2006 2007 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected Funded with traditional section 6 grant
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 2.3.2.2 Ensure State and local agencies develop or improve existing management and monitoring plans. Partially Complete FY 2006 Other California Department of Parks and Recreation, California Department of Water Resources, County governments, Flood control districts, Irrigation Districts, California Department of Fish and Game, Utilities Management: Planning Contract Concurrent with interim management 2.3.2.2-2 Greater Jepson Prairie Ecosystem Regional Management Plan Complete 2003 2007 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 2.5.1.1 Review existing seed bank collections, as needed, to determine need to collect seeds and the number of seeds necessary. Partially Complete FY 2007 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Botanical Gardens, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game Management: Land Use Internal Field Assistance
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 2.5.4.1 Conduct Priority 1 reintroductions and introductions of plants as indicated in Table IV-5 and Table IV-6, respectively. Ongoing Current U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Management: Propagation Contract Assumes $25,000 x at least 2 sites. Initially successful reintroductions of Neostapfia colusana and Tuctoria greenei have taken place at Grasslands Park and Sacramento NWR Complex respectively. Carol Witham is propagating and reintroducing Solano grass into Olcott Lake at Jepson Prairie, and Sacramento Orcutt grass into several protected sites in the Mather Core Recovery Unit. 2.5.4.1-1 Soil scarification in Olcott Lake to stimulate germination of Solano grass from the seedbank. Complete 2008 2010 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected Project was unsuccessful. No germination of Solano grass was observed. Hand tools were used and were likely insufficient to break through hard clay soil. It is not known whether soil seed bank still exists. Soil samples were not collected.
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 2.5.4.1 Conduct Priority 1 reintroductions and introductions of plants as indicated in Table IV-5 and Table IV-6, respectively. Ongoing Current U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Management: Propagation Contract Assumes $25,000 x at least 2 sites. Initially successful reintroductions of Neostapfia colusana and Tuctoria greenei have taken place at Grasslands Park and Sacramento NWR Complex respectively. Carol Witham is propagating and reintroducing Solano grass into Olcott Lake at Jepson Prairie, and Sacramento Orcutt grass into several protected sites in the Mather Core Recovery Unit. 2.5.4.1-2 Introduction of Colusa grass and Greene's tuctoria in Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge Complex Partially Complete 2010 2013 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected Erin Gottschalk Fisher is conducting this introduction of NECO and TUGR. Funding was provided by No CA Botanists, CNPS, National Academy of Sciences - administered by Sigma XI, Garrett Gibson Memorial Bot Scholarship, Vesta Holt Award, Jim Jokerst Field Botany Award.
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 3.1.1 Review existing species survey guidance to determine whether such guidance is adequate Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Other Internal Technical Assistance Assumes cost of one biologist for 1/4 time
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 3.1.2 If necessary, revise existing guidance or develop new standardized, scientifically based, and species-specific survey guidance. Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Research: Habitat Status Contract Assumes cost of one biologist for 1/4 time
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 3.2.1 Identify and prioritize areas within each vernal pool region, starting with core areas, to conduct standardized status surveys. Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service To be decided Other Contract Assumes cost of one biologist for 0.5 time
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 1 5.1 Form a single vernal pool recovery implementation team. Complete FY 2008 FY 2009 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Management: Planning Volunteer, Species Expert Original Team was formed in 2009. Member turnover has occurred and new member have joined. Chair position is generally for 2 years. Assumes staff time cost to organize implementation team meetings
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 2 1.4.1.2 Ensure Federal agencies use their authority to protect species occurrences and their vernal pool habitat in Zone 2 core areas. Ongoing Current FY 2005 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service, Natural Resources Conservation Service Acquisition: Easement Internal Field Assistance To implement 7(a)(1), 7(a)(2) and other obligations
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 2 1.4.4.2 Protect remaining species occurrences and habitat, not currently protected on private land in Zone 2 core areas. Ongoing Current FY 2008 Other To be decided Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Maximum cost based on fee title acquisition for approximately 259,434 hectares (641,052 acres) 1.4.4.2-1 Toad Hill Ranch Mitigation Bank Partially Complete Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 2 2.2.2 Implement standardized monitoring to document ecosystem and species responses to interim habitat management activities. Not Started Other To be decided Research: Population Surveys Internal Field Assistance
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 2 2.5.1.3 Conduct Priority 2 seed collection and banking as identified in Table IV-3. Not Started Other Botanical Gardens Management: Land Use Internal Field Assistance Assumes $15,000 for collection in each region
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 2 3.3.1 Compile most recent status reviews, or comparable evaluations, for each species and develop a prioritized list for status reviews of the species addressed in this recovery plan. Ongoing Current FY 2005 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service To be decided Research: Population Surveys Contract Assumes data compilation can be completed for all species can be completed in 3 months
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 2 3.3.2 Conduct status reviews of listed species by vernal pool region. Ongoing Current FY 2006 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Other: Regulations Contract Assumes 6 months review based on cost per species
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 2 4.1.1.1 Conduct genetics analysis on species slated for reintroductions and introductions, as listed in Tables IV-3 and IV-4 (i.e., species requiring seed or cyst banking). Ongoing Current FY 2017 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Contractor Research: Genetics Contract Assumes $ 100,000 per year per species
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 2 4.1.3.1 In conjunction with the priorities listed below for specific plant categories or species, develop a prioritized list, by species, of additional research needs on dispersal mechanisms. Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Contractor Other Contract Based on collaboration between agency staff and researchers
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 2 4.1.3.2.1 Implement research on dispersal mechanisms of annual herbs (Table IV-7) Not Started Other Contractor Research: Migration Contract
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 2 4.1.4.1 Determine and prioritize biology and ecology research needed to inform management and habitat protection decisions. Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, To be decided Other Internal Technical Assistance Assumes staff time costs to review and prioritize
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 2 4.1.5.1 Determine and prioritize research on effects of environmental factors needed to inform management and habitat protection decisions. Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service To be decided Other Internal Technical Assistance Assumes staff time costs to review and prioritize
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 2 4.3.1 Research the effects of environmental contaminants on vernal pools, ecosystem function, and individual species. Partially Complete FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Research: Management Techniques Contract Based on comprehensive contaminants research
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 2 4.3.5 Determine pollinators and their habitat requirements of vernal pool plants. Incorporate results into reserve design and habitat protection and management strategies. Not Started Other Contractor Research: Other Information Contract Assumes combined cost for researcher, equipment, etc.
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 3 3.4 Conduct post-delisting monitoring for recovered species. Not Started Other To be decided Other: Regulations Contract Value depends on number of monitoring points for each species
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 3 4.2.1 Conduct research to determine minimum reserve size in order to maintain ecosystem function and population viability of vernal pool species. Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Contractor Research: Habitat Requirements Contract Assumes combined cost for researcher, equipment, etc.
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 3 4.2.4.3 Develop hydrologic models to predict effects of hydrologic modifications in various situations. Ongoing Current U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Contractor Research: Other Information Graduate Student Assumes costs for data collection and modeling. FWS is partially funding a grad student to study subsurface water flow in natural and created vernal pools. Project will be complete in approximately 2013.
Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon F 8 Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office (916) 414-6600 Fleshy owl's-clover Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta 3 5.3.1 Periodically review progress toward recovery of all listed species and identify those species that require a change in status (downlisting, delisting, uplisting) or emergency actions. Ongoing Current FY 2006 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Management: Reintroduction Contract, Internal Technical Assistance Cost assumes review every five years until recovery.