Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 1 1.1.1 Design and implement signing plan for open and closed areas for OHV use. Ongoing Current FY 2006 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Management: Land Use Labor type not yet selected BLM has implemented signing and closures after the 2006 amendment to the Clear Creek Management Plan
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 1 1.1.2 Maintain signs. Ongoing Current FY 2006 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected BLM has implemented signing and closures after the 2006 amendment to the Clear Creek Management Plan
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 1 1.1.3 Close selected terrace sites to camping. Not Started Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected 1. As of May 1, 2008, the Clear Creek Mangement Area and some adjacent lands have been closed temporarily due to asbestos presence. A new CCMA management plan is under development, that will permanently change the land use of the CCMA, most likely excluding OHV use within the CCMA. The CCMA remains closed due to the EPA closure. From BLM 2011 annual report: "Closed and restored Staging Areas 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. Restored closed routes OR637, OR642, OR822, OR587, OR761, and T155. A total of 5.55 miles of closed trails were restored"
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 1 1.1.4 Continue barrier construction at Camissonia benitensis habitat. Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected See 1.1.3 and 2.2
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 1 1.1.5.1 Ensure law enforcement staff is adequate. Partially Complete FY 2006 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Limited regulated access by highway licensed vehicles only reopened in 2014 following release of Clear Creek Management Area Resource Management Plan. BLM rangers patrol CCMA weekly. Approximately 50 citations issued for OHV trespass in 2014 (from BLM 2014 Annual Report).
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 1 1.1.5.2 Develop enforcement procedures. Partially Complete FY 2006 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected See 1.1.5.1
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 1 1.1.5.3 If public compliance is lacking, develop contingency measures. Unknown FY 2006 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected See 1.1.5.1. According to the CABE 2011 annual report, two instances of noncompliance were noted in the 2010-2011 season. BLM 2014 CCMA Report indicates rangers patrolling CCMA weekly issued a total of 50 citations for OHV trespass at CCMA in 2014, primarily from dirt bikes. Several instances of noncompliance occurred in occupied and potential habitat, however the level of impact from OHV disturbance is far lower than when there was full, unrestricted access to CCMA. (BLM 2014).
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 1 1.2 Establish and maintain a weed control program. Planned FY 2006 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected The Bureau's 2006 CCMA plan amendment includes the development and implementation of an invasive weed management program. 2014 BLM CCMA annual report: approx. 16 ha spot treated with Transline in 2014, no prescribed fire was used. Once large, dense areas of starthistle in projec area have been reduced to scattered individuals.
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 2.1 Use interagency technical expertise to develop watershed management strategy. Ongoing Current Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected From the 2011 annual report: "Riparian revegetation research at Clear Creek has been ongoing since 2008 (BLM 2009, 2010). The intent of the studies is to develop effective riparian revegetation methods for the erosive banks of Clear Creek. Studies conducted 2008 – 2010 demonstrated that native sod composed of serpentine tolerant spike bentgrass (Agrostis exarata) is most effective for the revegetation of the banks of Clear Creek (BLM 2009, 2010)."
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 2.2 Continue to identify and prioritize sites for restoration of Camissonia benitensis habitat. Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected From BLM annual report 2011: "Closed and restored Staging Areas 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. Restored closed routes OR637, OR642, OR822, OR587, OR761, and T155. A total of 5.55 miles of closed trails were restored"
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 2.3 Continue to monitor effectiveness of habitat management. Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected From annual report (BLM 2011): "A total of 251 previously known San Benito evening primrose suboccurrences monitored with plant counts made for each. Habitat condition evaluated" ---- From BLM 2014 CCMA Annual Report: The current known range of C. benitensis is the same as determined for 2010-2011 season. Some new suboccurrences were found within potential habitat surveyed in previous years, highlighting need to survey potential habitat several consecutive years to confirm presence or absence of species.
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 2.3.1 Use photography to monitor landscape-scale changes over time. Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected See 2.3
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 2.3.2 Compare photography to determine user compliance. Unknown Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected See 2.3
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 2.3.3 Monitor soil loss from the 5 watersheds in the CCMA. Not Started Other California State Water Resources Control Board, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Natural Resources Conservation Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 3.1 Use of technical specialists to assist in implementation of monitoring and research needs for Camissonia benitensis. Not Started Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected VFWO has recently submitted a proposal for funding for investigation of the phylogenetic relationships of Camissonia benitensis populations to each other and other spp in the genus. We hope to gain funding to put towards research for information regarding the phylogenetics of the species, including the new populations. -------- As of 8/5/2011, this project was funded and is underway in cooperation with Dr. Justen Whittal of Santa Clara University.
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 3.2.1 Conduct annual population surveys. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Surveys in 2010 have resulted in the discovery of over 100 new populations of the species on a new type of habitat. Ryan O'Dell (BLM botanist) is continuting to survey and find new populations. BLM 2011 annual report states: "Surveyed 50,000 acres of geologic transition zone habitat on BLM and private land. A total of 32 new San Benito evening primrose suboccurrences found with plant counts made for each" See 1.3.3 for summary of 2014 survey results.
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 3.2.2 Monitor woody vegetation on terrace sites. Ongoing Current Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected From the 2011 (BLM) annual report: "San Benito evening primrose habitat monitored according to the compliance monitoring plan, with reduced monitoring intervals"...A total of 251 previously known San Benito evening primrose suboccurrences monitored with plant counts made for each. Habitat condition evaluated"
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 3.2.3 Revise photo monitoring point protocol. Unknown Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 3.3.1 Continue seedbank research. Unknown Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Taylor, D., R. Palmer, and W. Davilla. 1989. Camissonia benitensis life history studies, 1988 progress report. BioSystems Analysis, Inc. May 1989. 37 pp. From the BLM 2011 annual report: "Seed bank quantification and dynamics studies of 67 San Benito evening primrose suboccurrences" BLM 2014 Annual Report: Study initiated in Aug 2013 to indirectly measure age of soil seed bank using old shrubs and underlying litter depth. Modeled results indicated a maximum seed viability of 120 years, among longest measured for an annual plant in the literature. Seed production was conducted at BLM Hollister field office in 2014, but seed production beds were then terminated and removed due to the field office being relocated to Marina. In addition, BLM has conduceted a seedling survival study, seedling predator study, plant competition study, an pollination mode and genetic diversity study.
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 3.3.2 Continue population introduction research. Ongoing Current FY 2009 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Research: Reintroduction Labor type not yet selected BLM and UC Davis BLM CCMA 2014 Annual Report: C. benitensis was introduced at 32 locations throughout known range in 2012 at sites approved by FWS. Plant numbers found at introduction sites in 2013 and 2014 during monitoring are provided in Table 5 of the report, and range from 0-5 plants with one outlier of 35 plants in 2013, and 0-244 plants in 2014. In 2014 there were still many sites with 0 plants but also 9 introductions with 12 or more plants.
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 3.3.3 Conduct research on terrace replacement rates. Unknown Other University of California, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Natural Resources Conservation Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 3.3.4 Construct population viability models. Partially Complete FY 2008 Other University of California, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected some modeling has been done for 15 core sites for which there are continuous population data since 1989
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 3.3.5 Conduct fire research. Ongoing Current Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected BLM annual report 2011 states: Control of yellow starthistle and tocalote; with herbicide and prescribed fire between the confluence of Clear Creek with San Benito River and Staging Area 1"
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 3.4 Search for additional occurrences. Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected BLM 2011 annual report states: "Surveyed 50,000 acres of geologic transition zone habitat on BLM and private land. A total of 32 new San Benito evening primrose suboccurrences found with plant counts made for each"
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 2 3.5 Revise management based on monitoring and research results. Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 3 1.3.1 Develop informational materials for private landowners. Unknown U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Although informational materials have not been developed for landowners specifically, most or all private landowners in CABE habitat have been contacted and/or informed as a result of Ryan O'Dell's (BLM botanist) efforts to survey the species on private lands.
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 3 1.3.2 Determine land-use goals for private lands within Camissonia benitensis habitat. Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected See 1.3.3
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 3 1.3.3 Survey private parcels to identify threats to Camissonia benitensis populations. Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Private lands around the CCMA are difficult to access. Ryan O'Dell (BLM botanist) has and is investigating ways to gain access; however, the purpose now is not to find threats, but finding new populations, as a new type of habitat that supports the species has been discovered. ----------- BLM 2014 annual report: Surveyed 40 ha on BLM land. 31 new C. benitensis suboccurrences found, 12 of which are successful introductions, with plant counts made for each. A total of 19,297 plants counted for 289 suboccurrences in the 2014 season which was also a severe drought year.
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 3 1.3.4 Develop and implement management plans for private lands with Camissonia benitensis. Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 3 4 Establish ex situ seed collection. Not Started FY 2009 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Center for Plant Conservation Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected an ex-situ study was conducted, examining the affects of rising levels of soil amendment from organic matter sources,though a seed collection has not been established
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 3 5.1 Install and maintain interpretive signs, and implement other interpretive activites. Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Recovery Plan for Camissonia benitensis (San Benito Evening Primrose) F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 San Benito evening-primrose Camissonia benitensis 3 5.2 Work with OHV and other user groups to conserve habitat. Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected The CCMA management plan that is currently in development may result in these lands being closed to OHV use permanently. The OHV commuity and other interested parties have provided comments on the new draft plan and EIR.