Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.1.1 Maintain Genetic Diversity of Captive Population Ongoing Current FY 2015 Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Because the genetic diversity of the breeding population is originally based on so few individuals, it is imperative to continue to maximize genetic diversity in pair breeding.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.1.2 Improve Captive Survival and Reproductive Success Ongoing Current FY 2015 Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Research should aim to understand physical needs of the toad in the wild to inform optimal conditions in captivity.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.1.3 Develop and Implement Plan for Captive Distribution Ongoing Current FY 2016 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Plan should aim to maximize genetic variability and optimize the population capacity of each site.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.1.4 Continue Outdoor Hibernation Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Facilities that have the capabilities of outdoor hibernation should continue to do so, and others should adapt current hibernation techniques to new information.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.1.5 Pursue Sperm Cryopreservation and In Vitro Fertilization Ongoing Current FY 2017 Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Facilitates the ease of shipping genetic material
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.1.6 Continue to Reduce Disease in Captive Toads Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Precautions should continue to be taken to avoid disease in captive populations.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.1.7 Construct Additional Breeding Facility Not Started FY 2014 FY 2016 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected The captive breeding population is limited by space.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.1.7 Continue Saratoga NFH Facility Expansion Complete FY 2016 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected The proposed NFH construction will allow for expansion of the captive program.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.1.7 Encourage New Participation of Zoos and Aquariums Ongoing Current FY 2015 Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected The captive breeding population is limited by space and additional zoos will allow for expansion. Once zoo left program in 2018 and SSP is actively looking for a replacment facility.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.2.1 Continue Genetic Research Ongoing Current FY 2015 Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Pedigree and founder relatedness research should be continued using recent DNA analysis. Study evaluating microsatelite diversity in captive population started in 2017.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.2.2 Research Nutritional Needs of Captive Population Ongoing Current FY 2015 Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Nutritional needs affect the health of the captive population and consequently reproductive success.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.2.3 Research Captive Toad Health Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Toad health continues to be apriority and research should continue to optimize toad health.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.2.4 Research Captive Hibernation Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Research to optimize outdoor hibernation should continue for facilities that have this capacity and inform artificial conditions for facilities that do not.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.3.1 Implement Optimal Habitat Management Techniques Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Identify and implement vegetation management techniques, including Arapaho NWR's 3-year burn cycle. Burn plan established at Mortenson in 2015. Habitat enhancement done on SHA's as applicable.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.3.2 Minimize Spread of Bd in the Field Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Minimizing the spread of Bd will allow the opportunity for data collection by presumably keeping toads alive for longer.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.3.3 Continue Soft Releases Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected The use of mesh enclosures to provide tadpoles a �head start� has been identified as an effective management tool.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.3.6 Review and Revise Selection Criteria for Release Sites Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected When new information on the habitat needs of the Wyoming toad is available, it should be integrated into existing selection criteria. Plan to start this action in the winter of 2018-2019.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.3.7 Water Quality Analysis Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Water samples should be collected and analyzed on an annual basis.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.4.2 Integrate Previous Studies to Current Management Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Future records need to be thorough, accurate, and available to WTRT members so they can be included in future decision making.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.4.3 Identify Site-specific Threats Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Because the specific limiting factors of survival are not known, conditions at various release sites need to be closely monitored. Informal site evaluations as well as population monitoring is conducted annually at all sties.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.4.5 Implement Effective Identification Techniques Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected The benefits of the information gathered by marking should be balanced by impacts to the species. Currently, PIT tagging used, but could try photo mark-recapture if it becomes cost effective in the future.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.5.1 Continue pursuing SHA sites Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected SHA sites provide additional reintroduction sites.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.5.2 Mortenson Lake Boundary Expansion Complete FY 2018 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Acquisition of fee title lands (on a willing seller/ willing buyer basis only) and conservation easements would protect suitable habitat.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.6.1 Investigate Bd Dynamics in Wild Populations Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Understanding disease dynamics is the first step towards the possibility of overcoming this disease. Bd tracked during monitoring efforts. Studies initiated in 2018 to further investigate Bd dynamics.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.6.2 Research Bd Mitigation in Wild Populations Ongoing Current FY 2018 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Understanding disease dynamics is the first step in understanding what may be done about it. Study initated with University of Wyoming in 2018 to begin studying factors contributing to Bd infection.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.6.3 Research Release Techniques Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Previous research has shown some success with treating Bd on some species of amphibians.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.6.4 Research Wild Hibernation Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Understanding wild hibernation could inform habitat manipulation techniques and captive hibernation.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.6.6 Research Movement and Habitat Use Ongoing Current FY 2018 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected The WTRT continues to support efforts to understand habitat use and preference while minimizing impacts from tracking devices. Telemetry pilot study started in summer 2018 to track movements and habitat use of reintroduced toads.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.6.7 Identify Specific Criteria for Population Viability Analysis Ongoing Current FY 2019 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected PVA is required for downlisting and delisting to definitively describe viability of populations. Telemetry pilot study started in summer 2018 to track survival of reintroduced toads. Status: A 3 year telemetry study to assess adult surival and identify sources of mortality was initiated in 2019.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.7.1 Maintain Adaptive Management Approach Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected New information and research needs to be implemented into existing program.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.7.3 Implement Current Recovery Plan and Adjust as Needed Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected This recovery plan is a flexible document and should be consistent with available, contemporary, scientific information.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 1 4.3.8.1 Cooperate with Stakeholders and Partner Agencies Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Only by working together with different resources, knowledge, and expertise can recovery objectives and criteria be achieved.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 2 4.3.3.4 Develop Optimal Release Numbers Ongoing Current FY 2016 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Develop goals for the numbers of toads to be released annually and how available stock will be distributed among release sites.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 2 4.3.3.5 Continue to Document and Report Releases Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Releases need to be documented and reported to the WTRT, including recording release locations, dates, and methods.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 2 4.3.4.1 Develop and Implement a Monitoring Program Ongoing Current FY 2015 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Consistency of monitoring is necessary to ensure comparability over time and between sites.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 2 4.3.4.4 Develop a Post-downlisting and - delisting Monitoring Plan Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Section 4(g)(1) of the ESA requires that the Service monitor the status of all recovered species for at least ten years following delisting. Not started; not applicable until de/down-listing being considered.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 2 4.3.6.5 Investigate Predation Ongoing Current FY 2019 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Excessive predation has been identified in the past as a potential cause of Wyoming toad decline.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 2 4.3.7.2 Prepare Long-term Adaptive Management Plan Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Plan development will likely start in 2019, pending resolution of higher priority actions.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 3 4.3.5.3 10(j) Rulemaking Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Section 10(j) allows reintroduced experimental non-essential populations of endangered species to be managed as if they were threatened. Not currently a priority for program.
Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri now known as Anaxyrus baxteri Revised Recovery Plan RF(1) 6 Wyoming Ecological Services Field Office (307) 772-2374 Wyoming Toad Bufo hemiophrys baxteri 3 4.3.8.2 Outreach Ongoing Current U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Toad Species Survival Plan Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Outreach should focus on the rarity of the Wyoming toad and the advantages of habitat protection(i.e., conservation easements).