Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 1 1.1.1 BLM should update existing management plans, and develop management plans for MIMA populations not included in existing management plans.. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Management of BLM lands where 6 of the 13 Mirabilis macfarlanei EOs occur is currently covered under the Cottonwood Resource Management Plan (RMP), which was finalized on December18, 2009 (BLM 2009). RMPs are the basic land use documents that guide land use decisions and management actions on BLM administered land through establishing goals and objectives and the measures needed for accomplishing these goals and objectives. The Cottonwood RMP directs the BLM to maintain or restore special status species (including M. macfarlanei) and their habitat to contribute to species recovery. Specifically, the RMP supports Recovery Plan actions for M. macfarlanei in an effort to contribute towards recovery and delisting, including such actions as implementing control measures for invasive nonnative plant species, developing management plans to provide for the implementation of the appropriate management and conservation of populations, establishing new populations, and considering cooperative management with adjacent landowners to support conservation and restoration efforts, among others. Currently, the BLM has prioritized various conservation actions that directly or indirectly support recovery for the species; current priority efforts that took place from 2010 to 2015 include: (1) control of invasive nonnative plant species; (2) establishment of a new transplant population; (3) ongoing surveys and monitoring; and (4) acquisition of canyon grasslands and development of conservation agreements within the Salmon River canyon (some of these lands contain suitable habitat for M. macfarlanei and are identified for future plant surveys). Still need to determine if individual management plans for MIMA populations are necessary for BLM and FS.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 1 1.1.2 Forest Service should develop and implement management plans Planned Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Forest Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected The Forest Plan Revision is still in progress; however, because the Comprehensive Management Plan for Hells Canyon was recently completed, the Hells Canyon NRA (the area where MIMA occurs) will not be included in the Forest Plan revision. Still need to determine if individual management plans for MIMA populations are necessary for BLM and FS.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 1 1.1.3.1 Effectively manage livestock grazing in MIMA habitat Complete Prior to FY 1995 FY 2008 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation, Management: Land Use Contract In Oregon, the FS has excluded grazing with fencing in Hells Canyon (EO6) and at one FS administrative site (EO5) in the Imnaha River Canyon in the 1990s; however, these allotments have been vacant (not stocked) since 2003. EO 1 on the Oregon side of the the Snake River has not been grazing in over 20 years because the allotment has been closed. The FS portion of EO 3 has also been fenced to exclude cattle. Within the Salmon River Canyon (Idaho side of Hell's Canyon), the direct effect of grazing is no longer a threat since the BLM has reduced grazing on their lands. For BLM: EO #1 Skookumchuck - BLM fenced no grazing EO #2 Long Gulch - BLM/Private - BLM fenced EO #3 Horseshoe Bend - BLM, currently vacant, no authorized grazing. EO #7 Lucile - BLM fenced no grazing EO #8 Rhett Creek - BLM accessible to grazing. EO #9 Box Canyon - BLM accessible to grazing. Rugged/steep topography, very light to no grazing occurs at site Lower Otto - Fenced, no grazing.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 1 1.1.3.2 Coordinate with country agencies or local organizations that have responsibility for activities that could affect MIMA habitat. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected FS and BLM coordinating toad flax biocontrol. BLM is part of the Salmon River weed management area which may need coordination with IPC and Imnaha sites. BLM/FS will meet with county agencies at least annually to review planned activities.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 1 1.1.3.3 Implement weed control measures Ongoing Current FY 2007 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Contract The BLM and the Forest Service have been treating some EOs for invasive nonnative plants and noxious weeds. In 2010 and 2014, the BLM treated the noxious weeds Linaria dalmatica, Centaurea solsitialis, and Chondrilla juncea at 2 EOs, the McKinzie Creek/Horseshoe Bend (4-5 acres) and Skookumchuck EOs (1 acre). In 2012, the BLM treated the Long Gulch (45 acres) and Rhett Creek (2-3 acres) EOs. The Long Gulch EO was re-treated in 2016 (22 acres of yellow star thistle and Dlamation toadflax). Also in 2016, BLM maintained the Lower Otto transplant site with some cheatgrass control and in cooperation with ITD, conducted mechanical weed treatment in the vicinity of the Skookumchuck population. BLM obtained $10,000 in funding to continue treatments in 2017. Invasive nonnative plant control within Mirabilis macfarlanei plant populations is difficult because of the rugged terrain and the need for backpack spraying and pulling weeds adjacent to plants. According to BLM, past and current efforts have resulted in an overall slight improvement and/or maintenance of ecological conditions (e.g., preventing additional weed spread). However, it appears that back-to-back years of treatment may be required for some populations and additional coordination with private landowners, in addition to the continued use of biological control methods. In 2006, the FS release the biological control agent, Mecinus janthinusor (the 3-toed stem boring weevil) at two MacFarlane's sites (Pleasant Valley and Tryon Creek) to control the noxious weed Linaria dalmatica (Dalmation toadflax). In 2009, the FS determined that supplemental releases of the weevil were needed at Pleasant Valley (due to a fire in 2007). With funding partially provided by the Service (Oregon), 200 additional weevils were released in 2010. The FS conducted effectiveness monitoring annually. As of 2011, the biological agents were established at both sites with any associated 70% reduction of Dalmation toadflax at the Tyron site and 60% reduction at the Pleasant Valley site. In 2014 visual observations showed further decline of the toadflax. In 2016 the FS did weed control at their EOs (hand pulled yellow star thistle and Dalmation toadflax). In 2017 handgrubbing was conducted by BLM at the Lucile Caves EO (7) and Lower Otto transplant site (no EO # yet) and pulling by HCPC volunteers at the Fall Creek EO (3) which occurs annually.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 1 1.1.3.4 Manage herbicide and pesticide use Ongoing Current FY 2007 Other County governments, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected FS does not spray within 100 yds, BLM sprays within populations within parameters of BO. BLM/FS will evaluate county spray programs annually.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 1 1.1.3.5 Implement effective ORV use control measures Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected BLM/FS will maintain / monitor control measures annually.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 1 1.1.3.6 Develop fire management plans for all sites containing MIMA populations on public lands Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Plans may be completed as part of tasks 1.1.1 and 1.1.2
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 1 1.1.3.7 Manage wildlife populations and associated activities to avoid impacts to MIMA and its essential habitat Not Started Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected This task will be coordinated with state fish and game agencies. BLM and FS do not manage wildlife, except T and E species, on lands that they manage. IDFG and ODFW responsible party. Native ungulates have declined in Salmon River basin.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 1 1.3 Protect MIMA habitat on private lands Ongoing Current U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Unknown, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Private landowners Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected A private land brochure and poster has been developed to inform private landowners of potential conservation opportunities on their private land for MacFarlane's Four o'clock. FS and BLM are distributing these materials.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 1 2.1 Monitor MIMA populations/sites annually Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon Natural Heritage Program, Idaho Conservation Data Center, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service Research: Population Surveys Contract A rangewide monitoring strategy was developed by Mancuso Botanical Services, with close coordination between the Forest Service (FS), Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and Fish and Wildlife Service (Service). This monitoring protocol is currently being used by the FS and BLM. After 10 consecutive years of monitoring, a 10-year data analysis will be conducted. Monitoring history: Monitoring efforts for MacFarlane’s four-o’clock have been conducted on lands managed by the Bureau, beginning in 1981, and the Forest Service (Hells Canyon National Recreation Area), from 1990 to 1995 and from 2001 to 2006. These monitoring efforts were intended to provide information on population status, help identify factors affecting MacFarlane’s four-o’clock, and to gain insight on the effectiveness of management actions, such as fencing populations to reduce impacts from livestock use and effects of wildfire on populations. Past monitoring efforts for MacFarlane’s four-o’clock included most of the species’ occurrences in the Salmon River Canyon area and Forest Service lands along the Snake River. In 2007, the Service evaluated available Bureau and Forest Service monitoring data to gain a better understanding of MacFarlane’s four-o’clock overall population status (Mancuso and Shepherd 2008, entire). Mancuso and Shepherd evaluated monitoring data collected by the Bureau from 1981 to 2004 and by the Forest Service from 2001 to 2006, and provided a summary of long-term monitoring results. This monitoring report included a description of the various monitoring methods used by each agency, a summary of the monitoring results, and recommendations regarding future monitoring needs (Mancuso and Shepherd 2008, entire). One of these recommendations was the development and implementation of a rangewide monitoring strategy (USFWS 2007, p. 8; USFWS 2009, p. 7). In response, a collaborative effort to develop and implement a new, standardized, rangewide monitoring program for MacFarlane’s four-o’clock was initiated in 2010. Development of the new monitoring program was guided by management objectives identified by the Service, the Bureau, and the Forest Service. The overall purpose of the new monitoring plan is to provide more comprehensive documentation and a better understanding of the rangewide conservation status of MacFarlane’s four-o’clock. A full description of the protocol is provided in Mancuso’s monitoring report (2011, entire). Monitoring occurs annually although EOs are on an alternating monitoring schedule due to limited time and funding so not all EOs get monitored every year.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 1 2.3 Monitor and evaluate MIMA response to fire Not Started Other Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon Natural Heritage Program, Idaho Conservation Data Center, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected This task will only be implemented if fire occurs in MIMA habitat. We are unaware of any new wildfires in MIMA habitat since the 2015 5-year review.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 2 1.2 Pursue special management designations for MIMA on public lands Not Started Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected May be completed as part of tasks 1.1.1 and 1.1.2
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 2 2.2 Conduct demographic monitoring Discontinued Prior to FY 1995 Other Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon Natural Heritage Program, Idaho Conservation Data Center, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Results found no readily discernable life history stages, and was therefore abandoned in 1995 (est.).
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 2 2.4 Obtain permission from private landowners to conduct monitoring for MIMA on private lands Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service, Private landowners Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected BLM monitors at Giant's Nose, Slicker Bar, and John Day private sites. Additional opportunities will be pursued if landowners respond to the landowner brochure or as other opportunities arise.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 2 3.1 Determine population viability of MIMA Obsolete Other Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon Natural Heritage Program, Oregon State University, Idaho Conservation Data Center, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Complicated by lack of life history stages and clonal growth. Therefore this task will not be completed.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 2 3.2 Conduct research on pollinators of MIMA Not Started Other Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon Natural Heritage Program, Oregon State University, Idaho Conservation Data Center, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 2 3.3 Conduct habitat enhancement studies Ongoing Current Other Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon Natural Heritage Program, Oregon State University, Idaho Conservation Data Center, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected IFWO Recovery Funds were obtained to fund a site analysis study (soil temp, chemistry, etc) that was conducted by David Boose at Gonzaga University. Initial site visits took place in spring 2016 and field work was completed in spring 2017 which additional follow-up field work being conducted in 2018. A report is pending. Information will be used to assist with survey efforts, as well as, the potential outplanting of new populations. A rangewide genetics study was also initiated in 2017 with leaf samples being collected in the spring of 2017. The results of this genetic study, are among other things, going to help inform our outplanting projects. Results are pending. In addition to these studies, we initiated a Mirabilis grow-out program with the Idaho Botanical Garden in 2017. IBG will develop a propagation protocol and provide seedlings for outplanting. Past outplantings using rhizomes have proved successful (2 populations of this species have been reintroduced so far), but we would like to continue outplanting efforts in the future using seedlings. Reslts are pending.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 2 4.1 Conduct surveys on Federal lands where activities may affect MIMA habitat Ongoing Current FY 2007 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service Management: Population Monitoring Contract, Internal Field Assistance Both the BLM and the Forest Service continue to conduct surveys for Mirabilis macfarlanei. The Forest Service conducted surveys for M. macfarlanei in the Hells Canyon National Recreation Area, Wallowa-Whitman National Forest annually from 2007 through 2014. Approximately 4,700 acres of suitable habitat were surveyed for the presence of M. macfarlanei over the 8 year period, with an average of nearly 600 acres per year. The BLM surveyed an average of approximately 1,000 acres of suitable habitat on BLM lands annually from 2010 through 2015. In 2016 BLM completed an additional 2,000 acres of surveying on Pine Bar. Despite these survey efforts, no new M. macfarlanei populations have been discovered. However, the FS did located additional plants in 2017 at a known EO (Fence Creek). Surveys were largely funded by the Oregon FWS ($20,800 total); however, surveys in 2012 and 2013 have been funded by Idaho FWS ($10,980). Idaho FWS funded 2014 surveys as well ($6,595). Additional funds are provided by BLM and FS. The INHP conducted assessments of four Mirabilis macfarlanei EOs from 2010 through 2015 to determine the extent of subpopulations within these EOs and to document habitat characteristics and disturbances. In 2010, EO 2 (Long Gulch/John Day Creek) was assessed on both BLM and private land. Approximately 95 percent of the occurrence was mapped. The INHP recommended organizing this occurrence into seven subpopulations (K. Pekas, pers. comm. 2015). In 2012, EO 6 (Pittsburg Landing) was assessed. All six subpopulations within this EO, which is located within the Hells Canyon National Recreation Area, Wallowa-Whitman National Forest, were mapped with more precise point locations of plants within the subpopulations (Pekas and Lichthardt 2015). In 2015, EO 3 (Horseshoe Bend) and EO 9 (Box Canyon) were assessed on BLM land, with one subpopulation documented and mapped in each EO. Invasion of nonnative plant species, mostly annual grasses, was documented as the primary threat to M. macfarlanei in these EOs. The Skookumchuck EO was assessed in 2017. Also in 2017, BLM surved 2,000 acres between Riggins and Whitebird (no new plants were located). In 2016 the FS updated the mapping on EO 3 and discovered 3 new, small satellite occurrences on the steep slopes on the private land just east of the Hells Canyon NRA boundary. They also expanded the patch mapped in 2013 and mapped another known patch that was not reflected in GIS. EO 7 (Lucile Caves) is scheduled to be assessed in 2018. BLM surveys approximately 2,000 acres annually. In 2018, a pilot study was initiated collaboratively between the IFWO and the FS to have Empire Unmanned conduct flight operations to assess the suitability of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles’ (UAV) carrying multispectral sensors, to identify known and unknown populations of MacFarlane’s Four-o’clock. Uortunately the current sensors were unable to pull out MacFarlane's four-o'clock. However, new advances with sensor technology are becoming available and these might have greater potential.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 2 4.3 Protect newly discovered MIMA populations Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected The BLM established a new population of Mirabilis macfarlanei at the Lower Otto Creek Conservation area located on BLM land. The BLM worked cooperatively with a local private landowner to transplant approximately 25 rhizomes from private property to the Lower Otto Creek Conservation area in April 2015 (in accord with the FWS Section 7 Biological Opinion (dated July 22, 2011) prepared for the Shroyer Trail and Lower Otto Creek Conservation Area project). The Lower Otto Creek Conservation area includes 75 acres that was withdrawn from a BLM grazing lease area and was mitigation for a trail on BLM lands that impacted ESA-listed Silene spadingii (Spalding’s catchfly). Future monitoring will document the success of this transplanting. No new populations have been located.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 2 5 Establish propagule banks, including a longterm seed storage facility for MIMA Ongoing Current FY 2007 Other Berry Botanic Garden, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected The Rae Selling Berry Seed Bank (previously the Berry Botanic Garden ), in coordination with the Forest Service, Bureau, and Service, has collected MacFarlane’s four-o’clock seeds from throughout its range and placed them into long-term cold storage. Costs are for seed storage and seed collection.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 2 6.2 Monitor MIMA population at Lucile Caves Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Monitored by BLM ~ annually. Is also being assessed by INHP in 2018.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 3 4.2 Obtain permission from private landowners to conduct surveys for MIMA on private lands Ongoing Current FY 2011 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon Natural Heritage Program, Idaho Conservation Data Center, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected This activity is being pursued through distribution of the landowner brochure; however, we have not had any response so far.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 3 6.1 Develop and implement a reintroduction plan for MIMA, if reintroduction is warranted Ongoing Current FY 2007 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Oregon Department of Agriculture, Berry Botanic Garden, Oregon Natural Heritage Program, Idaho Conservation Data Center, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service Research: Reintroduction Contract FS, FWS, and Berry Botanical Garden coordinating on this project in Oregon. In 2008 $2500 provided to Berry Botanical Garden. Continued to fund in 2009 by OFO of 2,500. More recently, the Idaho FWS provided FS with $26,450 in recovery funds to transplant the greenhouse propagated plants from Berry Botanical Garden near the Pittsburg Landing population and monitor the results. Unfortunately there was a lack of sufficient transplant stock and the project was cancelled. However, the Rae Selling Berry Seed Bank (previously the Berry Botanic Garden ), in coordination with the Forest Service, Bureau, and Service, did collect MacFarlane’s four-o’clock seeds from throughout its range and placed them into long-term cold storage. The Rae Selling Berry Seed Bank also conducted initial propagation experiments on MacFarlane’s four-o’clock. The objective of these experiments was to explore propagation of MacFarlane’s four-o’clock using standard germination testing and tissue culture techniques (Raven 2000, p. 2). Currently the Idaho Botanical Garden is initiating a grow-out program for this species (2017-2018) and developing a propagation protocol. This protocol can be used by other local growers to propagate MacFarlane’s four-o’clock seedlings for future outplantings in suitable habitat. IBG is also providing seedlings for outplanting in 2018. In addition, the BLM has established a new population of Mirabilis macfarlanei at the Lower Otto Creek Conservation area located on BLM land. The BLM worked cooperatively with a local private landowner to transplant approximately 25 rhizomes from private property to the Lower Otto Creek Conservation area in April 2015 (in accord with the FWS Section 7 Biological Opinion (dated July 22, 2011) prepared for the Shroyer Trail and Lower Otto Creek Conservation Area project). The Lower Otto Creek Conservation area includes 75 acres that was withdrawn from a BLM grazing lease area and was mitigation for a trail on BLM lands that impacted ESA-listed Silene spadingii (Spalding’s catchfly). This population has not yet been counted as a new EO in the Idaho Natural Heritage Program species database (IFWIS). Future monitoring will document the success of this transplanting. We are continuing to pursue additional opportunities to create or enhance populations of this species. Our soil and genetic studies will help inform this work.
Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) RF(1) 1 Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office (208) 378-5243 MacFarlane's four-o'clock Mirabilis macfarlanei 3 7 Validate and revise recovery objectives Planned U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service Management: General, Management: Planning Internal Technical Assistance A tech team has been established and reviews the recovery objectives as needed and collaborates on recovery actions. MIMA became a spotlight species in 2010. Unfortunately this initiative has been cancelled. However, the Tech Team and our partners are still committed to implementing the actions identified in the Spotlight Species Plan as well as the Recovey Plan. On June 13, 2011 the tech team met (via conference call) to discuss and finalize the rangewide monitoring protocol. The Tech Team also met annually in 2012 and 2013 to share information, discuss project results and success, share monitoring results, and propose new recovery projects. The team also met in March 2016 and again in October 2016 and on Novemeber 16, 2017. The next meeting is scheduled for fall 2018. The most recent 5-year review was also completed in Sept 2015.