Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 2 111 Survey habitat Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game Research: Habitat Status Species Expert, Internal Field Assistance All potential habitat (BLM, State, China Lake NAWS) surveyed in 1998. Land managed by BLM and the State surveyed in 2004. In 2007, habitat surveyed on China Lake NAWS. In 2011, habitat surveyed on land managed by BLM and the State surveyed. Small portions of the towhee's habitat appear to be surveyed annually on China Lake NAWS.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 2 112 Identify all springs Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game Research: Habitat Status Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Springs needing to be surveyed are changing yearly due to dispersal of birds. Surveys document springs occupied by towhee presently and in past years.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 2 113 Assess the extent of damage that has taken place as a result of documented threats to each habitat area. Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game Research: Habitat Status Species Expert All potential habitat (BLM, State, China Lake NAWS) surveyed in 1998. Land managed by BLM and the State surveyed in 2004. In 2007, habitat surveyed on China Lake NAWS. In 2011, habitat surveyed on land managed by BLM and the State surveyed. At the time surveys are conducted the condition of the habitat is assessed and threats are documented. Surveys that occur in small portions of the towhee's habitat on China Lake NAWS also document impacts from threats.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 2 1211 Remove or control burros in the Great Basin ACC. Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake U.S. Bureau of Land Management Management: Predator and Competitor Control, Management: Land Use Volunteer, Internal Technical Assistance Continues to be an ongoing issue due to limited staff, funding, and space at BLM facilities. Surveys document feral equine usage at springs and note if any fences have been damaged or if any fences need to be installed. BLM prioritizes the annual monitoring of fenced springs and visits unfenced springs when possible.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 2 1212 Remove or control burros and wild horses in the NAWS. Ongoing Current U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation, Management: Planning, Management: Land Use Species Expert, Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance, Internal Administrative China Lake NAWS goal is to achieve and maintain the burro population at zero, and the wild horse population between 100-168 animals. Navy and BLM removed 44 burros from areas near towhee habitat on the Stations North Range. Funding of 100K+ has been secured for continuing burro removal efforts this fall. Funding for 300-350K is being requested to implement an enhanced horse removal and (mare) contraceptive program beginning in FY14. However, China Lake NAWS' ability to conduct and carry out captures is hampered by BLM's inability to house the animals.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 2 122 Protect all springs Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game Acquisition, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation, Management: Land Use Volunteer, Internal Administrative BLM staff and volunteers inspect and maintain barriers, fences, signs, etc. Since 1998, the number of water diversions at the number of springs where water diversion was occurring in 1998 has been reduced by about 50 percent. Water rights have been appropriated on some springs situated on Bureau-administered lands for such activities such as livestock grazing and mining. The NAWS China Lake may also occasionally use spring water for certain activities such as dust abatement during construction or maintenance activities. Only a few of the springs occupied by towhees are fenced to perclude wild horses and burros.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 2 123 Eliminate or control exotic and invasive vegetation Ongoing Current U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Volunteer, Internal Field Assistance BLM staff have identified locations of exotic plants and are completing EA for chemical control. BLM and China Lake NAWS continue to implement efforts to control exotic and invasive vegetation.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 2 124 Restrict noncompatible rural development, mining operations, military activities, and recreational activities. Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake Acquisition Internal Administrative No new development has occurred on public land within 1/2 mile of riparian habitat. As of 2013, unaware of any new development that has occurred around towhee habitat. There is one road on China Lake NAWS that may be impacting towhee habitat. Most of the towhee's habitat is on China Lake NAWS, with the rest on BLM and State land. Future renewable energy development could be an issue if water is diverted and impacts towhee habitat, which is fed by springs.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 2 125 Manage and control off-road vehicle activities that adversely affect towhee habitat. Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game Management: Other Volunteer, Internal Technical Assistance BLM has installed barriers and fences to stop OHV access to Austin, Mumford, and North Ruth Spring. China Lake NAWS not open to public. In 1998, severe human-caused impacts on Bureau and Department lands occurred at four locations, mainly from heavy OHV use and camping activities. However, results from the 2004 survey indicated that recreational impacts at these same four locations were reduced or eliminated at least in part because three of the four springs had been fenced to exclude feral grazers, which also excluded recreational users. BLM and CDFW are unaware of any towhee habitat being impacted by OHV activities. OHV activities are not permitted on China Lake NAWS.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 2 126 Control recreational activities Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game Management: General, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Volunteer, Internal Technical Assistance BLM has installed barriers and fences to stop OHV access to Austin, Mumford, and North Ruth Spring. China Lake NAWS is not open to the public. In 1998, severe human-caused impacts on Bureau and Department lands occurred at four locations, mainly from heavy OHV use and camping activities. However, results from the 2004 survey indicated that recreational impacts at these same four locations were reduced or eliminated at least in part because three of the four springs had been fenced to exclude feral grazers, which also excluded recreational users. BLM and CDFW are unaware of any towhee habitat being impacted by other recreational activities. China Lake NAWS restricts visitor use on DOD land.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 2 211 Develop monitoring protocol Not Started Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game Research: Population Surveys Species Expert, Internal Field Assistance One individual (Denise LaBerteaux) known to be performing surveys. Using standardized survey protocol she developed. However, there has never been a discussion regarding the best way to conduct surveys for towhees or how to monitor threats to its habitat.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 2 212 Monitor habitat Ongoing Not Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game Research: Population Surveys Species Expert All potential habitat (BLM, State, China Lake NAWS) surveyed in 1998. Land managed by BLM and the State surveyed in 2004. In 2007, habitat surveyed on China Lake NAWS. In 2011, habitat surveyed on land managed by BLM and the State surveyed. Denise LaBerteaux using the protocol that she developed. Small portions of the towhee's habitat is monitored annually on China Lake NAWS.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 2 221 Develop breeding survey protocols Unknown Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game Research: Population Surveys Species Expert One individual (Denise LaBerteaux) known to be performing surveys. Using standardized survey protocol she developed.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 2 222 Conduct status surveys Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game Research: Population Surveys Species Expert All potential habitat (BLM, State, China Lake NAWS) surveyed in 1998. Land managed by BLM and the State surveyed in 2004. In 2007, habitat surveyed on China Lake NAWS. In 2011, habitat surveyed on land managed by BLM and the State surveyed. Small portions of the towhee's habitat is monitored annually on China Lake NAWS.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 2 31 Increase size of existing suitable riparian habitat Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Volunteer, Internal Technical Assistance BLM planted willows at Austin and Nadeau Springs, fencing at Nadeau. Presence of exotic reed didn't allow willows to expand. Not aware of any restoration on China Lake NAWS. However, both BLM and China Lake NAWS control invasive and exotic vegetation, which has the indirect benefit of allowing native vegetation to increase.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 2 32 Initiate habitat rehabiliation Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Volunteer, Internal Technical Assistance BLM planted willows at Austin Spring and fenced Mumford Spring. Willows at Austin didn't do well- lack of water and exotic veg. Not aware of any restoration on China Lake NAWS. Fire and floods occurred in 2005 on China Lake NAWS. No restoration; allowed to naturally restore.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 3 41 Develop and implement an outreach program to inform the public about the Inyo California towhee, its habitat, and protection needs. Unknown FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game Other: Information and Education Volunteer, Contract BLM placed a kiosk at Austin Spring, focusing on the towhee. Also made presentations to the local Trona community on the towhee. Developed a working group in the Trona area with locals, BLM and others. Not Started on CLNAWS. Unaware of any recent outreach efforts.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 3 42 Provide information to agency personnel and contractors. Unknown FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game Management: General Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Administrative BLM runs all projects and actions through the NEPA process, so for this area the towhee, a federally listed species is treated special. Section is done for those projects that may affect the species. CLNAWS not started.
Recovery Plan for Inyo California Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus eremophilus) F 8 Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office (760) 431-9440 Inyo California towhee Pipilo crissalis eremophilus 3 43 Post areas supporting information and sensitive Inyo California towhee habitat. Unknown FY 1995 - FY 1999 U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California Department of Fish and Game Other: Law Enforcement Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Administrative BLM placed a kiosk at Austin spring, focusing on the towhee. Additional signs have been placed on the new exclosures. Law enforcement Rangers patrol these areas occassionally. CLNAWs not started.