Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 1 1.1.1 Control elk and deer damage to plants on Santa Rosa Island. Complete FY 2006 FY 2016 National Park Service National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Management: Predator and Competitor Control, Management: Depredation Control Labor type not yet selected
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 1 1.2 Minimize the threats from invasive, nonnative plants. Ongoing Current FY 2006 Other Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, National Park Service, The Nature Conservancy Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert 1. NPS has established a program to map, monitor, and remove nonnative plants on their lands. 2. Santa Cruz Island Native Plant Restoration Project implemented removal of nonnative trees and weeds with grants from NFWF and PFWP. (CR 11/2005) 3. False brome is currently being managed on Santa Rosa Island within East Point population of Hoffmann's gilia. Brome has not been completely eradicated, additional managment possibly needed (CM 8/2011) 4. FWS funding being allocated to remove invasives around remote pops. of helianthemum greenei (DS 07/2010). 5. False Broome eradication effort for Hoffmann's gilia is suspended; perpetual management of the invasive species is required and funding is not currently available (CD 7/2013). 6. USGS Mapped encroachment of Vinca major population encroachment (on Galium buxifolium); populations have rebounded since Vinca removal began (AJA 8/2015). 8. In 2014, USGS mapped the invasive grass Brachypodium distachyon at the Abalone Rocks population of Hoffmann's gilia, and scoped further control treatments. They surveyed 3.63 ha including and surrounding previously known locations, found 0.30 ha infested (CD 08/2015)
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 1 1.3.1 Develop and implement a plan to achieve the goals and standards established in the Conservation Strategy. Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Management goals have been developed for specific species independently rather than within the framework of the conservation strategy (CR 1/2006)
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 1 1.3.2 Develop guidelines and implement management for each species. Not Started Other Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Management goals have been developed for specific species independently rather than within the framework of the conservation strategy (CR 1/2006)
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 1 1.3.3 Revise management guidelines based on information gathered from tasks 2, 3, and 4. Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Management goals have been developed for specific species independently rather than within the framework of the conservation strategy (CR 1/2006)
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 2 2 Establish and implement an inventory program for all species in the recovery plan. Ongoing Current Other Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected BRD continued surveys on Santa Rosa and San Miguel Islands and completed in 1999. BRD surveyed Santa Cruz Island from 2002 to 2005 and will continue in 2006. In 2005, BRD and NPS conducted specific surveys for Arabis hoffmannii on Santa Rosa Island based on computer-assisted habitat models. (CR 1/2006) Surveys for Island rush-rose (Helianthemum greenei) on Santa Catalina Island ongoing. Two new populations reported July 2011 (DS 08/2011). In September 2011, new population discovered on western Santa Catalina. In April 2012 an individual HEGR observed at historical Camp Ridge Rd population on Santa Catalina. Helicopter surveys produced no new populations of HEGR on Santa Rosa or San Miguel Islands in 2011. 14 HEGR populations, around 2,000 individuals, detected on eastern SCZ (DS 07/2012). Weekly surveys ongoing, and monitoring protocol developed. At least one new population of H. greenei discovered in 2012 (DS 07/2013).
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 2 3.1 Research on seed production and dispersal mechanisms. Ongoing Not Current Other Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected 1. Research on Berberis pinnata, Malacothamnus fasciculatus var. nesioticus carried out by BRD and SBBG, and funded by BRD and NPS.
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 2 3.10 Research on metapopulation dynamics (how are the various sites interrelated). Ongoing Current FY 2014 U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Research: Taxonomic Studies Graduate Student Research on genetic relatedness of 2 disjunct pops of Castilleja mollis on Santa Rosa Island, funded by BRD done in 2003. (CR 1/2006) 2. In 2014, USGS received funding for a student to conduct genetic analyses of Castilleja mollis at Claremont College beginning in 2015 (CD 08/2015)
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 2 3.11 Research on pollinators and vectors in reproduction. Ongoing Current Other Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 2 3.12 Research on fire management effects on the species and species requirements for fire. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected 1. Catalina Island: anecdotal observations on Helianthemum greeneii recruitment after two wildfires and subsequent protection from browse via exclosures. (CR 11/2005) Similar observations on Santa Cruz by McEachern and Wilken after wildfires in 1994 (DS 8/2009). Two new populations of Island rush-rose (Helianthemum greenei) reported on Santa Catalina Island in July 2011 were both in "recently" burned area (DS 08/2011).
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 2 3.2 Research on seed dormancy, seed germination, and seedling establishment. Ongoing Not Current Other Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected 1. Research on Phacelia insularis var. insularis, Gilia tenuiflora ssp. hoffmannii, Malacothrix indecora carried out by BRD and UC Santa Barbara, and funded by NSF. 2. Research on Arabis hoffmanii, Thysanocarpus conchuliferus, Galium buxifolium carried out by BRD and Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, and funded by BRD and NPS. 3. Research on Arctostaphylos confertiflora carried out by BRD and NPS (CR 1/2006). NPS and USGS completed a see viability study of SRI manzanita seeds since our 2007 5-year review. NPS and USGS are currently conducting a study to determine the best way to promote germination of SRI manzanita seeds (DS 07/2012). 4. Castilleja mollis seed and seedling studies have been conducted as reported in the 2008 5-year review (CD 07/2013)
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 2 3.3 Research on soil seed bank (viable seed condition in the soils of occupied habitat). Ongoing Not Current Other Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Research on Arctostaphylos confertiflora carried out by BRD and NPS on Santa Rosa Island. (CR 1/2006)
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 2 3.4 Research on effects of soil and vegetation disturbance (gaps in vegetation) on recruitment of seedlings. Ongoing Not Current Other Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Research on PH, GI, MAID by BRD and UC Santa Barbara, and funded by NSF in 2004 and 2005, and continuing. (CR 1/2006) 2. Since Castilleja mollis is a partially parasitic perennial, a limiting factor to seedling establishment is the presence of perennial shrub hosts (goldenbush) within at least 50 centimeters plant according to the 2008 5-year review (CD 07/2013)
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 2 3.5 Research on soil distribution of each listed species to assist in prioritizing surveys and potential introduction sites. Ongoing Not Current Other Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 2 3.6 Research on microsite soil characteristics (pH, texture, hydrology, slope, etc.) of the listed species. Ongoing Current FY 2014 U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Research Species Expert 1. In 2014, UGSG collected field information on Santa Rosa Island populations to plan habitat manipulation for Phacelia insularis recovery (CD 08/2015) 2. In 2014, USGS installed temperature and relative humidity data loggers at Carrington and Jaw Gulch to investigate the relationship between microhabitat and the distributions of Castilleja mollis, C. affinis, and their hybrids
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 2 3.7 Research on effects of experimental removal of nonnative plant species. Not Started Other Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Research on Castilleja mollis and vegetation disturbance on Santa Rosa Island in 2003 by BRD and NPS. (CR 1/2006)
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 2 3.8 Research on effects of vegetation management (burning, herbicide use, etc.) on mixed stands of nonnative and target species. Partially Complete FY 2006 FY 2011 Other Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 2 3.9 Research on the relationship between substrate disturbance and invasion by nonnative plants that threaten listed species that require open habitat. Not Started Other Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 2 4.1 Identify standards for monitoring listed plants. Ongoing Not Current Other Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected General protocol for monitoring all listed plants on NPS land and NPS-managed lands written in 1996 by BRD. Protocol revised for Santa Cruz Island listed taxa in 2001 and 2002. Additional adaptive management standards written for Arctostaphylos confertiflora and Castilleja mollis on Santa Rosa Island in 1999 by BRD and NPS and outside consultant.
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 2 4.2 Monitor listed plants. Ongoing Current FY 2005 Other Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Species Expert 1. Census-level monitoring for all listed plant of Santa Rosa and San Miguel Islands done in 1996-1999. Censuses conducted on Santa Cruz Island for all listed plants 2002-2005. Annual demographic monitoring done for Gilia tenuiflora spp. hoffmanni, Phacelia insularis var. insularis, and Castilleja mollis on Santa Rosa Island (1995-2005). Annual demographic monitoring for Arabis hoffmannii, Thysannocarpus conchuliferus, Malacothamnus fasciculatus var. nesioticus, Galium buxifolium on Santa Cruz Island (2003-2005). Adaptive management monitoring for Arctostaphylus confertiflora (1998-2005) and Castilleja mollis (2000-2005) on Santa Rosa Island. 2. Surveys/monitoring conducted by NPS/USGS in 2008 for most but not all species in plan (DS 07/2010). 3. FWS funding being allocated for Helianthemum greenei surveys during Fall 2010 on Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, and San Miguel islands, and demographic research on Santa Catalina Island (DS 07/2010). Surveys for Island rush-rose (Helianthemum greenei) on Santa Catalina Island ongoing. Two new populations reported July 2011 (DS 08/2011). NPS and USGS collected demographic data for SRI manzanita each year since our 2007 status review. Following ungulate removal the NPS observed decreased browse of SRI manzanita and increased flower, fruit, and seed production (DS 07/2012). Castilleja mollis surveyed at Carrington Point and Jaw Gulch populations every year excluding 2002. Data recent until 2012 (CD 7/2013). Monitoring protocol developed to monitor 21 populations of HEGR (DS 07/2013). USGS Monitoring at Pelican Bay (Santa Cruz Isl.) population of Galium buxifolium showed significant recruitment in 2014 after Vinca major removal, but drought is affecting seedling survival. Several new populations of G. buxifolium were discovered this year during a helicopter survey (AJA 8/2015). In 2014, USGS monitored Island phacelia on Santa Rosa Island, and confirmed with a Ranger that plants flowered on San Miguel Island (CD 08/2015). In 2014, USGS mapped the Hoffmann's gilia population at Abalone Rocks on Santa Rosa Island (CD 08/2015). In 2014, USGS monitored demography at Carrington and Jaw Gulch populations for Castilleja mollis.
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 2 5.1 Collect, store, and develop seed banking techniques for the species in this recovery plan. Ongoing Not Current Other Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden, Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, National Park Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected 1. Seed collected and stored at SBBG for Arabis hoffmannii, Thysanocarpus conchuliferus, and Galium buxifolium from Santa Cruz Island by BRD in 2004 and 2005. Collections of Dudleya nesioticus and Arabis hoffmannii from Santa Cruz Island made by SBBG in 1999 and 2000 (?). 2. Funding from FWS being allocated to collect seed from island rush-rose on Santa Catalina Island (DS 07/2010).
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 3 7.1 Establish coordinated resource management group Ongoing Not Current Other Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, U.S. Department of Defense, National Park Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected NPS, BRD, SBBG, and TNC coordinate management and research for listed plants of Northern Channel Islands.
Thirteen Plant Taxa from the Northern Channel Islands Recovery Plan F 8 Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office (805) 644-1766 Soft-leaved paintbrush Castilleja mollis 3 7.2 Develop and implement a public education program. Not Started Other Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, National Park Service, The Nature Conservancy Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Educational information provided by NPS, TNC, BRD, and concessionaires through lectures, trail maps, brochures, website information, field classes, signage, interpretive programs