Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 1 1.1 Identify alt populations and determine level of protection Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Fisheries Resources Research: Population Surveys Species Expert Annual surveys continue to be conducted by various agency personnel in both Arizona and New Mexico.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 1 1.3 Designate critical habitat Ongoing Current FY 2010 FY 2012 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Other: Regulations Species Expert The third critical habitat designation was voluntarily remanded, but kept in place until redesignation. A final rule was published on February 26, 2012 (77 FR 10810). No challenges made to CH as of 2015, and carrying out provisions of management plans accepted in lieu of critical habitat designation on Freeport-McMoRan lands on Eagle Creek, San Francisco River, Gila River, and Mangas Creek in 2014/2015.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 1 1.4 Enforce laws and regulations Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Management: Other Species Expert With reclassification to endangered status in 2012, 10(a)(1)(A) permit review is now FWS' responsibility, and we have developed standard permit language and reviewed multiple permits. We continue to coordinate permit review to minimize overlap of survey effort.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 1 1.5 Discourage detrimental land and water uses Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Bureau of Reclamation Management: General Species Expert Participate in projects as they develop; currently focused on Gila River Water Rights Adjudication, development of groundwater pumping proposals in the upper Verde River aquifer, and ongoing livestock and wildfire consultations. Working with private landowners at Aravaipa Creek to reduce water use and maintain instream flows.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 1 1.6 Insure natural flows Ongoing Current FY 2007 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Wildlife Resources , Bureau of Reclamation Management: Planning Species Expert No instream flow purchases made to date or identified for purchase. Working with various groups to ensure flows remain in the Gila River through section 7, and Aravaipa Creek (voluntary). Ongoing litigation and projects that could affect instream flow on the Gila River (NM) and Aravaipa Creek. The Gila River and Aravaipa Creek currently support the two largest remaining populations of spikedace.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 1 1.7 Curtail introductions of non-native fishes Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Fisheries Resources Management: Predator and Competitor Control Species Expert Largely the responsibility of State agencies. Consulted on the sportfish stocking that occurs in Arizona in 2011. Working with the Arizona Game and Fish Department to designate streams as either native or nonnative in various watersheds throughout Arizona. Ongoing coordination on CAMP activities related to sportfish stocking consultation.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 1 1.8 Identify need for and construct barriers Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Bureau Land Management , Bureau of Reclamation Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Contract Bureau of Reclamation in charge through Central Arizona Project biological opinion. Barrier feasibility study released for the Verde River re-initiated with fieldwork comletd. Spring Creek (Verde River watershed) barrier constructed 2014 and spikedace reintroduced. Barrier construction completed at Aravaipa Creek, Bonita Creek, Blue River, and Hot Springs Canyon. Barrier construction soon to be completed on Redfield Canyon and Eagle Creek (AZ, 2019).
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 1 2.1,2.2 Establish standard monitoring locations and techniques Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Desert Fishes Recovery Team Research: Population Surveys Species Expert Procedures well known; standard locations used in several studies; differing protocols applied based on variation in habitat. The Recovery Team, which began meeting in 2012, may develop some guidance (spikedace plan due for draft completion in 2016/2017). With 10(a)(1)(A) permit review now under FWS' authority, review of proposed monitoring allows for review of monitoring protocols and plans.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 1 2.4 Determine natural variation in abundance and age-class structure Not Started Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management Research: Population Surveys Species Expert This work could be completed by any researcher. Not completed to date.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 1 2.4.1 Determine standard methods for quantifying abundance Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management Research: Population Surveys Species Expert Some work completed at Aravaipa Creek. Additional work slated for Fall 2016/Spring 2017.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 1 2.4.2 Conduct bi-annual population estimates Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management Research: Population Surveys Species Expert Regular surveys completed at Eagle Creek, Aravaipa Creek, San Francisco River, Tularosa River, the upper Gila River and its Forks, Fossil Creek, Hot Springs Canyon, Bonita Creek, and the Blue River by various individuals/agencies. eDNA now also being used to assess occupancy.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 1 2.5,2.5.1,2.5.2 Monitor community composition including range of natural variation Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management Research: Population Surveys Species Expert Regular surveys completed at Eagle Creek, Aravaipa Creek, San Francisco River, Tularosa River, the upper Gila River and its Forks, Fossil Creek, Hot Springs Canyon, Bonita Creek, and the Blue River by various individuals/agencies.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 1 2.6 Determine genetic characteristics of existing populations Partially Complete Prior to FY 1995 Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service Research: Genetics Graduate Student Work completed on spikedace and loach minnow for some streams in Arizona (1993, 1996). Most recent work by Pilger et al. 2015 for spikedace in the Gila River. An additional genetics study underway late 2016/early 2017.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 2 1.10 Acquire available lands and associated water rights Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Bureau of Reclamation U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Wildlife Resources Acquisition Species Expert No acquisitions made to date. Species occur predominantly on Federal lands. Are continuing to work with private landowners on conservation.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 2 1.11 Protect acquired lands Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Wildlife Resources Acquisition Species Expert No acquisitions made to date by USFWS.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 2 1.2 Prioritize populations based on need for protection Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Desert Fishes Recovery Team Research: Other Information Species Expert Work jointly with the Arizona Game and Fish Department to determine. A Recovery Team has been appointed and began meeting in 2012 to address this and other questions. A draft recovery plan has been completed, with final due in 2018.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 2 1.9 Identify available unprotected private lands and water rights Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Wildlife Resources , Desert Fishes Recovery Team Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 2 2.3 Establish and maintain computerized database Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Arizona Game and Fish Department Management: General Contract SONFishes database completed in 1999 under contract with Bureau of Reclamation as part of CAP biological opinion. The Arizona Game and Fish Department maintains the Heritage Database Management System, and provides FWS with regular updates. The New Mexico Department of Game and Fish has developed and is maintaining a Gila River Basin Rare Fishes database, which they have provided to the FWS. The Recovery Team, has preliminarily determined a centralized database is needed;however, funding does not currently exist to develop and maintain.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 2 3.1 - 3.2.2 Determine significance of interaction with non-native fishes Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management Research: Predation, Research: Competition Graduate Student Some research has determined effects in select areas for some predators; additional research completed on some effects of competition. Additional research needed, not on-going at this time. Potential piscicide that targeted nonnatives unsuccesful.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 2 4.1 - 4.6 Quantify effects of physical habitat modification Not Started FY 2007 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management Research: Habitat Requirements Species Expert Research study by grad students at the University of Arizona underway and nearing completion (partially funded through FWS). Additional study underway at Northern Arizona University to determine key habitat characteristics. Work to be completed late 2018.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 2 5.1 and 5.2 Identify management areas and determine necessary habitat improvements Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Desert Fishes Recovery Team Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert Ongoing discussions on potential areas for reintroduction. This task is being addressed in development of a revised recovery plan, with draft recovery plan due to be completed in 2018. Recovery plan identifies historically occupied streams, as well as those to be used for translocations/reintroductions. Ongoing research at University of Arizona and Northern Arizona University (results due 2018/2019) may provide additional detail on habitat improvements needed.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 2 7.1 - 7.3.3 Determine quantitative criteria for describing a self-sustaining population Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Desert Fishes Recovery Team Research: Reintroduction Species Expert Criteria preliminarily defined under draft recovery plan revision. Draft to be completed 2018/2019.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 2 9.1 - 9.1.5 Provide information and education relative to the species to the public sector Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Public Affairs , Bureau Land Management , Fisheries Resources , Bureau of Reclamation Other: Information and Education Species Expert We have coordinated with the Arizona Game and Fish Department and the SeaLife Aquarium in Tempe. Spikedace will be one of the native species featured in exhibits. SeaLife reports greater than 100,000 visitors per year to the exhibit. Permit review for the facility is underway. "Sharing Tails" program (run by not-for-profit) aimed at educating primary grades on native fish in Arizona. BOR has intiated an I & E page and program, which we are participating in.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 2 9.2.1 - 9.2.4 Ensure all professional information is made available Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Fisheries Resources , Bureau of Reclamation Other: Information and Education Species Expert Regular coordination meetings for upcoming fieldwork each year; ongoing exchange of information on monitoring occurs throughout the year.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 3 5.6 Implement habitat improvement Ongoing Current FY 2007 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert Some work completed through barrier construction, as overseen by Bureau of Reclamation, in fulfillment of biological opinion requirements on the CAP, has completed barriers at Aravaipa, Hot Springs Canyon, Bonita Creek, Blue River, Spring Creek, and West Fork Black River. Work underway for barrier construction at Redfield Canyon, Eagle Creek, and the Verde River with Redfield and Eagle due for construction in 2019. Habitat restoration ongoing on the Blue River due to fencing of riparian areas and recovery post Wallow Fire.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 3 6.1 Identify stocks to be used for reintroduction Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Desert Fishes Recovery Team Research: Propagation Species Expert Bureau of Reclamation leading effort through Arizona Game and Fish Department, as part of compliance with biological opinion on CAP. We play a leadership role in decision-making on stocks to be used in reintroduction efforts. Draft guidance has been developed, and is being refined for inclusion in revised recovery plan, to be completed in 2016/2017. Working to bring representatives of each extant population into captive propagation. Completed additional discussions with conservation geneticists in 2018 to discuss genetic management. ARCC (hatchery) preparing a genetics management plan.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 3 6.2 - 6.2.5 Identify and prepare sites for reintroduction Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Desert Fishes Recovery Team Research: Reintroduction Volunteer, Species Expert Working on identification of areas jointly with multiple agencies and in tandem with barrier site analysis. Reintroduction efforts completed at the Muleshoe Preserve, Fossil Creek, Bonita Creek, the Blue and San Francisco Rivers, and Spring Creek. Additional sites will be identified under the newly appointed Recovery Team which began meeting in 2012 (anticipated draft recovery plan in 2019).
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 3 6.3 and 6.4 Reintroduce into selected reaches and monitor Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management Research: Reintroduction Species Expert Reintroduction efforts completed at the Muleshoe Preserve, Fossil Creek, Bonita Creek, the Blue River and Spring Creek (AZ) and the San Francisco River (NM). San Francisco River was augmented in Fall 2014. Spikedace translocations to Blue River appear successful. Annual monitoring occurring each Fall with augmentation as needed.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 3 6.5 and 6.6 Determine reasons for success/failure and rectify as necessary Ongoing Current FY 2007 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Forest Service , Bureau Land Management , Desert Fishes Recovery Team Management: Reintroduction Species Expert Evaluation is the responsibility of team involved in each reintroduction effort. Monitoring occurs at each reintroduction site on an annual basis. Monitoring will occur for 5 years at reintroduction sites, at which point project success/failure will be evaluated, and an assessment developed as to the causes of that success or failure. In FY11, the Muleshoe Native Fishes Management Team met and discussed low number of spikedace persisting in Redfield Canyon, and determined habitat insufficient to support spikedace. In 2017, the same Team reached the same detremination for Hot Springs Canyon. Completed Wet/Dry mapping with TNC to conclude insufficient habitat at Hot Springs. Further augmentations here are suspended. Fossil Creek and the Blue River appear successful.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 3 8.1 Select stocks to be used for hatchery brood stock Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Fisheries Resources , Desert Fishes Recovery Team Research: Propagation Species Expert, Contract Bureau of Reclamation supervising contract with Arizona Game and Fish Department. Ecological Services and State wildlife agencies from Arizona and New Mexico work cooperatively, along with personnel from BLM, the Forest Service, and Reclamation on this task. Brood stocks have been identified; prioritization of captive propagation efforts being developed as part of recovery planning process. Draft revised recovery plan due in 2018/2019.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 3 8.2 Collect hatchery stocks Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Fisheries Resources Management: Propagation Species Expert, Contract Bureau of Reclamation supervising contract with Arizona Game and Fish Department. We are participating in most capture efforts. Hatchery stocks have been collected and brought into captivity for Aravaipa Creek and Blue River (AZ), and Gila River and Gila Forks (NM) and augmented periodically with fish from the wild. Ongoing efforts to obtain stock from the Verde River and Eagle Creek. Efforts hampered by low numbers of individuals in source populations. Some setbacks in 2016 year due to hatchery renovation and fish dieoff at hatchery.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 3 8.3 Hold and maintain stocks in a hatchery Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Fisheries Resources Management: Propagation Species Expert, Contract Bureau of Reclamation supervising contract with Arizona Game and Fish Department. New facility constructed in 2007. Captive propagation underway for Blue River, Aravaipa Creek, and Gila River spikedace. Hatchery under renovation in 2016. Toured SNARRC (Dexter) facility in 2017 to discuss hatchery successes/failures to improve success of ARCC.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 3 8.4 and 8.5 Evaluate and assess propagation techniques and life-cycle requirements Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Fisheries Resources , Desert Fishes Recovery Team Acquisition Species Expert, Contract Arizona Game and Fish Department completed one report and will continue to assess. Some success with captive propagation in 2008 and 2009. New techniques using raceways has increased captive reproduction success in 2010. Limited captive propagation in 2015, resulting in discussions scheduled for later this year. An annual meeting is held to discuss the captive propagation facility and priorities for its use. Toured SNARRC (Dexter) facility in 2017 to discuss hatchery successes/failures to improve success of ARCC. Greater success with captive propagation in 2018, with 4000 F1 produced from Aravaipa Creek broodstock.
Spikedace Recovery Plan F 2 Arizona Ecological Services Field Office (602) 242-0210 Spikedace Meda fulgida 3 8.6 Supply hatchery reared fish as needed Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Arizona Game and Fish Department , Fisheries Resources Management: Propagation Species Expert, Contract Captive propagation underway for fish from Aravaipa Creek, the Gila River, and the Blue River. We have not been able to capture fish from the Verde River or Eagle Creek, but continue surveying those areas, and have capacity at the facility to captively breed fish from those areas should they be obtained. Limited population size to serve as source for captive stock, and limited reproduction in captivity continues to hamper this effort. Annual discussions to determine appropriate levels of fish to ring in and where to place fish. eDNA now being used at Eagle and the Verde to try and determine if fish may still be present.