Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Apalachicola Plants (4 spp.) F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Godfrey's butterwort Pinguicula ionantha 2 1.1 Management/monitoring in Apalachicola National Forest (AN) Ongoing Current FY 1995 - FY 1999 Other U.S. Forest Service Management: General Internal Field Assistance Monitoring cost only. Management cost has not yet been determined. Management is an ongoing action conducted by the Forest Service. The ANF has a yearly 120,000+ acre prescribed burning program. According to L. Kirn (2009, pers. comm.), two to three compartments, i.e., management units,burned every year during the growing and dormant seasons. The ANF has an on-going timber-related management/monitoring study in the Hunt Timber Sale: pre- and post-harvest survey data have been collected in two sites (L. Kirn, 2009, pers. comm.). In addition, several years of monitoring data (e.g., documenting presence/absence in each population, and qualitative visual estimate of the density of white-birds-in-a-nest) have been collected in three permanent plots. However, these data were not available for evaluation. Macbridea alba is found scattered under the Apalachicola National Forest Utility ROW of SR 65. Protective measures have been established with Talquin Electric during annual maintenance and the upcoming pole replacement. 2012 Scutellaria floridana: - site # 172 = > 500 individuals (visual estimate), very few individuals blooming. Site was burned 2011. site # 180 = > 1000 individuals (visual estimate), > 50 of the populations was blooming. Site was burned 2012. 2012 Pinguicula ionantha: site # 106 = < 30 individuals (visual estimate) ANF - Field Branch = 115 individuals site # 126 = 105 individuals 2015: Beasley Pond consultation ANForest: a large populationof about 2000 plants was found in compartment 27- at present working with the FS to protect this large population
Apalachicola Plants (4 spp.) F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Godfrey's butterwort Pinguicula ionantha 2 1.23 Pinguicula ionantha population biology in ANF Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service, Universities, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, including Forestry Division Research: Population Surveys, Research: Demographic Studies, Research: Other Information, Research: Genetics Graduate Student, Species Expert, Contract Kesler et al. (2008) studied the effects of prescribed fire on demography of 12 populations of P. ionantha over a period of two years in ANF and Tate?s Hell State Forest (THSF), and used these data to project the effect of fire frequency and season on population growth. The study showed that P. ionantha responds strongly and positively to prescribed fire. Their model indicates that the timing of the fire event had an influence on fecundity contributions of P. ionantha. Based on this study, the fire return interval could be reduced to about 2 yr. The author?s observations in the field led them to conclude that the rarity of this species is a result of the rarity of its herb bog habitat, i.e. 85 to 98 % of this habitat has been estimated to be lost. Pitts-Singer, HAnula, & Walker (2002) study on pollinators indicated Halictidae were the visitors of the flowers. Herbert Kesler and Jennifer Trusty established in 2010 plots along roadside and natural forest populations in order to determine the effects of fire management and road modifications on Pinguicula ionantha. The 2010 census found that P. ionantha populations appeared viable with large numbers of plants. Furthermore, when GIS polygons of population boundaries from 2004 and 2010 were compared, there were several instances in which populations had expanded in area. Wet conditions would allow the very small seeds to float out from the source population near the cypress into flooded herb bog habitat, expanding the population area and size. Despite the loss of more than 90% of previously known plants, these populations had time and weather favorable to recuperate prior to the 2010 census. Dr. Brenda Molano-Flores (Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, IL) and collaborators are investigating seed germination and population genetics: Seed bank - Soil samples were collected from 5 sites. No seedlings of Pinguicula ionantha emerged. Capsules were collected from 5 populations, but numbers were low. In 2012, different treatments were used and one has been identified to have a germination success of ~70%. DNA extraction was successful.
Apalachicola Plants (4 spp.) F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Godfrey's butterwort Pinguicula ionantha 2 1.31 Pinguicula survey in ANF Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service, Universities, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, including Forestry Division Research: Population Surveys Graduate Student Surveys planned from 2004-2006 of known sites through research project by S. Hermann and Herbert Kesler, Auburn University funded through DOACS, Sec. 6 $.
Apalachicola Plants (4 spp.) F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Godfrey's butterwort Pinguicula ionantha 2 3.1 Secure protection for the 4 plants outside AN Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Private landowners, Landowners and Managers Acquisition Internal Technical Assistance Protections off of ANF for telephus spurge include: RGP and North Glades on PCB (St Joe easements) and Shallow Reed Site conservation easement in Gulf County. Other lands that at least one of these 4 include Tates Hell SF, Lathrop Island (BLM and St Joe private), Brenda Ward private landowners has a few skullcaps, St Joe Buffer Preserve has skullcap, spurge, butterwort. Actual costs of acquiring land by purchase or protecting it through conservation easements is NOT included here. This is an ongoing action. To date, about nine protected P. ionantha populations have been secured: one population on the St. Joseph Buffer Preserve (SJBP), Gulf County; one population at Lathrop Bayou, Bay County; one population (but potentially extirpated) at Box-R Wildlife Management Area (Box-R WMA), Franklin County; and seven populations at Tate?s Hell State Forest, Franklin County. 10 protected populations of M. alba have been secured: two populations on the St. Joseph Buffer Preserve (SJBP), Gulf County; one population at Lathrop Bayou, Bay County; one population at Box-R Wildlife Management Area (Box-R WMA), Franklin County; and six populations at Tate?s Hell State Forest, Franklin County. For S. floridana, 7 protected populations have been secured: three populations on the St. Joseph Bay State Buffer Preserve (SJBSBP), Gulf County; one population at Lathrop Bayou, Bay County; and three populations at Tate?s Hell State Forest (THSF), Franklin County. These are public lands and therefore, protected under the Endangered Species Act. To date, six protected populations have been secured for telephus spurge: four populations on the St. Joseph Buffer Preserve (Gulf County), and the North Glades and the Breakfast Point Mitigation Bank (BPMB) populations (Bay County).
Apalachicola Plants (4 spp.) F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Godfrey's butterwort Pinguicula ionantha 2 3.2 Develop management plans for protected sites outside AN Ongoing Current FY 2005 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Private landowners, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, including Forestry Division, Contractor, Landowners and Managers Management: Planning Contract Some of the public and private lands contain mgt plans per either their requirements as public lands or within easements, or result of consultation requirement. Management plans for P. ionantha have been developed and implemented by the: Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWCC) for the Box-R Wildlife Management Area (Box-R WMA) (FWCC 2006); Bureau of Land Management (BLM) & the St. Joe Timberland Company (Timberland Company) for the Lathrop Bayou (BLM 2008). For M. alba, management plans have been developed and implemented by the: Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWCC) for the Box-R Wildlife Management Area (Box-R WMA) (FWCC 2006); Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the St. Joe Timberland Company (Timberland Company) for the Lathrop Bayou (BLM 2003). For S. floridana, management plans have been developed and implemented by the: 1) Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the St. Joe Timberland Company (Timberland Company) for the Lathrop Bayou (BLM 2003), and 2) Florida Department of Environmental Protection for the SJBSBP. Recently, the Plant Conservation Program of the Florida Division of Forestry provided management recommendations, i.e., application of prescribed fire, to assist THSF land managers in prioritizing stands that contain federally threatened plant species
Apalachicola Plants (4 spp.) F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Godfrey's butterwort Pinguicula ionantha 2 3.3 Implement management and monitoring for protected sites outside ANF Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Private landowners, Universities, Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, including Forestry Division, Landowners and Managers Management: General Labor type not yet selected Regular mgt occurs on Tates Hell, St Joe Buffer Preserve, St Joe lands in RGP, Brenda Wards property. No formal monitoring plans are in place that we are aware. FY 2011-12: Pinguicula ionantha – though this species seems to be quite stable at Tate’s Hell SF, we had major losses of individuals at the Lower New River sites.  It is unknown why over 50 plants were not there upon recent survey. Scuttelaria floridana – Could not find one population after recent burn but found 20-30 more nearby.  This plant is not reacting well to fires and we lost half of the population at one site in Tate’s Hell SF.
Apalachicola Plants (4 spp.) F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Godfrey's butterwort Pinguicula ionantha 2 6 Protect Pinguicula ionantha from depredations due to collecting Partially Complete FY 2006 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Private landowners, Landowners and Managers Other: Law Enforcement Internal Technical Assistance Comments on permits requested by carnivorous plant society requested restriction of selling/placing plants within 10 miles of known location of ping. Recommendations made to RO, not sure put into provisions of permit to CP society. Permit package states that plants are being distributed are not from the wild [originals must have at one time come from wild, but have no paper trail]. In order to implement conservation measures and regulations, the Service granted a permit (TE061005-1) to the International Carnivorous Plant Society (ICPS) in 2003, which allows the society to sell seeds of endangered and threatened carnivorous plants only within the USA. Some restrictions apply to this permit (see http://www.carnivorousplants.org/statements/seedcollect.html); in addition, an annual report is required stipulating their selling activities.
Apalachicola Plants (4 spp.) F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Godfrey's butterwort Pinguicula ionantha 3 1.22 Population biology- S. floridana and P. ionantha genetic studies Not Started FY 2012 FY 2014 Other Botanical Gardens, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Universities Management: Planning, Research: Genetics Graduate Student, Contract Population genetic studies - The aims of the population genetic studies will be to determine: 1) genetic diversity within and among populations and 2) population genetic similarity. The results of these studies will inform seed collection and reintroduction efforts. The identification of populations with rare alleles or with high levels of genetic diversity will be a focus of these studies, as this will be important for the preservation of these species. Investigators: Dr. Brenda Molano-Flores (rare plant conservation) Illinois Natural History Survey, 1816 South Oak Street, Champaign, IL 61820. molano@inhs.uiuc.edu Dr. Janice Coons (seed ecology) Eastern Illinois University, Biological Sciences Department, Life Sciences Bldg. 2070, 600 Lincoln Ave., Charleston, IL 61920. jcoons@eiu.edu Dr. Jason Koontz (population genetics) Augustana College, Biology Department, Science Building 315, 639 38th Street, Rock Island, IL 61201. JasonKoontz@augustana.edu Results: AFLPs indicated a moderate amount of gene flow among populations of P. ionantha, and a somewhat higher rate of gene flow among populations of S. floridana. Scutellaria floridana populations appear to have higher levels of genetic diversity in terms of polymorphism and heterozygosity than P. ionantha. In addition, S. floridana populations are less structured genetically (FST = 0.0349) than P. ionantha populations (FST = 0.1384) and their genetic distance values are generally lower. The results of the seed germination studies for P. ionantha showed that the giberellic acid treatment resulted in the highest germination percentage (63%). In addition, differences were found among populations of P. ionantha for percent seed germination. In the case of Scuttelaria floridana, the highest germination percentage resulted for the control (i.e., no treatment; 33%). A persistent seed bank was not detected for either species.
Apalachicola Plants (4 spp.) F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Godfrey's butterwort Pinguicula ionantha 3 1.32 Pinguicula ionantha surveys outside ANF Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service, Private landowners, Universities, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, including Forestry Division, Contractor, Landowners and Managers Research: Population Surveys Labor type not yet selected Partial surveys off of ANF include on Tates Hell and St Joe Buffer Preserve which include work by S. Hermann and Herbert Kesler, Auburn University. FWS require surveys in suitable habitats when wetland permits are submitted to COE for develoment projects. Ongoing as long as land is available. This recovery action is ongoing and conducted primarily by the Forest Service, FWS botanist, FNAI, and H. Kesler (Folius Consulting, AL). One new population was found at Tate¿s Hell and at Tydall AFB this year 2011. 2014: another population of f PInguicula ionantha was found at Tates Hell State PArk: over four hundred plants on both sides of the road. this is the second, large, previously undocumented population of Pinguicula ionantha on CR 67 as it traverses the Wet Prairies of Tate’s Hell State Forest.
Apalachicola Plants (4 spp.) F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Godfrey's butterwort Pinguicula ionantha 3 2.1 Develop a regional report on right-of-way management in coastal savannah regions Not Started Other U.S. Forest Service, The Nature Conservancy, Florida Department of Transportation, Contractor Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Contract
Apalachicola Plants (4 spp.) F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Godfrey's butterwort Pinguicula ionantha 3 2.2 Experiment with right-of-way management Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service, Florida Department of Transportation, Utilities, Florida County Road Department Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Internal Field Assistance
Apalachicola Plants (4 spp.) F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Godfrey's butterwort Pinguicula ionantha 3 5 Garden propagation and reintroduction Ongoing Current FY 2006 FY 2008 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Botanical Gardens, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Center for Plant Conservation Research: Propagation Labor type not yet selected Ping is sold on open market. Contract with Historic Bok Tower initiated FY 06 for ex situ research and protection on spurge, skullcap, and butterwort. Birds in a nest already held in ex situ by HBok Sanctuary. Tested transplant occur with minimization measures on St Joe lands into conservation easement area with minimal success to date (drought in spring fy 2006 may be reason not more successful). Although conserving M. alba in-situ is the best option, an ex-situ collection of established seedlings and adults is recommended. Dr. Brenda Molano-Flores (Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, IL) and collaborators will be investigating seed germination requirements. Telephus Spurge: Seed germination and plant transplantation experiments are currently being conducted at Historic Bok Sanctuary (Sanctuary), Lake Wales, Florida. Seeds were collected from Bay and Gulf Counties and germination experiments have been initiated by the Sanctuary. One hundred and sixty-five plants were collected in 2005 from private property owned by St. Joe Company (North Glades), which was planned for development and contained thousands of E. telephioides (Peterson and Campbell 2007). Only 1.2 % survived after 23 months. In May 2007, Peterson and Campbell (2007) collected 283 plants from downtown Port St. Joe (the future site of the Gulf County Hospital Campus). The plants and seedlings will be monitored for five years at the Sanctuary. In general, Peterson and Campbell (2007) concluded that this species is difficult to propagate and maintain. From the same private land (North Glades) owned by St. Joe Company, 1,000 plant rhizomes were transplanted to BPMB in 2004. More than half of the transplanted plants re-sprouted in 2005, but only 15.4% survived the 2006 drought (Ecological Resource Consultants 2006). 2015: Botanist from the Panama City Field Office and staff from the Tyndall Air Force Base rescued 238 plants and relocated them to a wet prairie at Tyndall AFB where a population of Godfrey’s Butterwort exists and can be used as reference population. Plants were planted in groups of 22-25 plants, forming eight subpopulations. A monitoring plan has been developed to learn about post-transplanting survival, growth, and reproduction