Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 1 121 Provide habitat protection through private landowners Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners , Other Management: Land Use Contract, Internal Technical Assistance In FY08, Corpus Christi FO staff identified recent landowner of BLC populations in Jim Wells County and tried to initiate contact to ask for access but with no reply. Dr. Liz Smith,TAMUCC, continued to work with LO's of the Refugio County population who sent a letter of support for her Sect. 6 proposal to conduct research on the population. Frank Weaver, CCFO, maintained contact with the Kleberg County population's landowner from 2007 through 2013. She gave him access to do plant counts and population monitoring. In FY 13, Frank coordinated with her to salvage several individual cactus that were uprooted by hogs or kicked over by livestock. In FY 14, the CCFO called this landowner to discuss seed collection but did not reach her. During FY16, Gena Janssen, working on a section 6 project, contacted the Refugio County population's landowner. Frank Weaver, USFWS' CCESFO, was in contact with the landowners of the San Miguel mine. 121-1 In FY08, Frank Weaver, CCFO was introduced to the landowner of the Kleberg County BLC population. He maintained contact with her in the intervening years and was allowed access for various purposes. In FY 13, Frank coordinated with this landowner to get permission to salvage several individual cacti that were uprooted by hogs or kicked over by other ungulates (likely Nilgai antelope). In FY 14, Frank Weaver, CCFO, called the landowner to discuss seed collection but did not reach her. Ongoing Current 2009 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 1 121 Provide habitat protection through private landowners Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners , Other Management: Land Use Contract, Internal Technical Assistance In FY08, Corpus Christi FO staff identified recent landowner of BLC populations in Jim Wells County and tried to initiate contact to ask for access but with no reply. Dr. Liz Smith,TAMUCC, continued to work with LO's of the Refugio County population who sent a letter of support for her Sect. 6 proposal to conduct research on the population. Frank Weaver, CCFO, maintained contact with the Kleberg County population's landowner from 2007 through 2013. She gave him access to do plant counts and population monitoring. In FY 13, Frank coordinated with her to salvage several individual cactus that were uprooted by hogs or kicked over by livestock. In FY 14, the CCFO called this landowner to discuss seed collection but did not reach her. During FY16, Gena Janssen, working on a section 6 project, contacted the Refugio County population's landowner. Frank Weaver, USFWS' CCESFO, was in contact with the landowners of the San Miguel mine. 121-2 FY15, during surveys for genetic research, Frank Weaver with TCESFO Corpus Christi met with the Refugio County Population Landowner. Landowner seemed open to conservation activities, and requested assistance with a management plan. Not Started 2015 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 1 121 Provide habitat protection through private landowners Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners , Other Management: Land Use Contract, Internal Technical Assistance In FY08, Corpus Christi FO staff identified recent landowner of BLC populations in Jim Wells County and tried to initiate contact to ask for access but with no reply. Dr. Liz Smith,TAMUCC, continued to work with LO's of the Refugio County population who sent a letter of support for her Sect. 6 proposal to conduct research on the population. Frank Weaver, CCFO, maintained contact with the Kleberg County population's landowner from 2007 through 2013. She gave him access to do plant counts and population monitoring. In FY 13, Frank coordinated with her to salvage several individual cactus that were uprooted by hogs or kicked over by livestock. In FY 14, the CCFO called this landowner to discuss seed collection but did not reach her. During FY16, Gena Janssen, working on a section 6 project, contacted the Refugio County population's landowner. Frank Weaver, USFWS' CCESFO, was in contact with the landowners of the San Miguel mine. 121-3 During FY's 15 and 16, landowners of the San Miguel mine were in contact with the USFWS office in Corpus Christi regarding conservation of their lace cactus populations. In FY16, Gena Janssen, working under a section 6 project, contacted the landowner of the Refugio County population Ongoing Current Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 1 122 Obtain long-term protection of essential habitat Ongoing Not Current FY 2007 FY 2106 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners Management: Land Use Internal Technical Assistance In July 2007,a Safe Harbor Agreement (term of 98 years), was signed with the Coastal Prairie Coalition, Grazing Lands Conservation Initiative, that provides for black-lace cactus searches and avoidance of impacts when habitat management is proposed. However, this SHA's protection applies only to any newly discovered populations in the more northern part of the Coastal Bend, including the Refugio County population, and not does not cover the more southern part of the Coastal Bend, including the Kleberg and Jim Wells Countys' populations.
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 11 Enforce existing regulations Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners , South Texas Botanical Gardens Management: Propagation, Other: Regulations Internal Technical Assistance Black-lace cactus has not frequently been involved in section 7 consultations because it is known only from 3 sites, all on privately-owned land so Federal and State regulations have not applied to it in the past. In FY14, the South Texas Botanical Gardens applied for a section 10 Recovery Permit from USFWS's Region 2 in order to propagate the species and maintain it in a refugium, per a cooperative agreement funded through USFWS' Corpus Christi ESFO. During FY15, through the informal consultation process, the San Miguel mine agreed to avoid many of the lace cactus in their mine site area and to move other cacti to a refugium at the STXBG. During FY16, 103 individual cacti were moved by the mine to the safety of the STXBG and the cacti left on-site were avoided. 11-1 In FY14,The Botanical Garden submitted a section 10 Recovery permit application to FWS and received their issued permit. They signed a cooperative agreement with FWS' Texas Prairie Wetlands Project Coordinator to become a refugium. Ongoing Current 2014 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected In FY14,The Botanical Garden submitted a section 10 Recovery permit application to FWS and received their issued permit. They signed a cooperative agreement with FWS' Texas Prairie Wetlands Project Coordinator to become a refugium.
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 11 Enforce existing regulations Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners , South Texas Botanical Gardens Management: Propagation, Other: Regulations Internal Technical Assistance Black-lace cactus has not frequently been involved in section 7 consultations because it is known only from 3 sites, all on privately-owned land so Federal and State regulations have not applied to it in the past. In FY14, the South Texas Botanical Gardens applied for a section 10 Recovery Permit from USFWS's Region 2 in order to propagate the species and maintain it in a refugium, per a cooperative agreement funded through USFWS' Corpus Christi ESFO. During FY15, through the informal consultation process, the San Miguel mine agreed to avoid many of the lace cactus in their mine site area and to move other cacti to a refugium at the STXBG. During FY16, 103 individual cacti were moved by the mine to the safety of the STXBG and the cacti left on-site were avoided. 11-2 In FY15, McMullen County projects (San Miguel Mine, and Disposal Site) located E.reichenbachii in the project areas. Regulations regarding endangered species have been enforced. Not Started 2015 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 11 Enforce existing regulations Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners , South Texas Botanical Gardens Management: Propagation, Other: Regulations Internal Technical Assistance Black-lace cactus has not frequently been involved in section 7 consultations because it is known only from 3 sites, all on privately-owned land so Federal and State regulations have not applied to it in the past. In FY14, the South Texas Botanical Gardens applied for a section 10 Recovery Permit from USFWS's Region 2 in order to propagate the species and maintain it in a refugium, per a cooperative agreement funded through USFWS' Corpus Christi ESFO. During FY15, through the informal consultation process, the San Miguel mine agreed to avoid many of the lace cactus in their mine site area and to move other cacti to a refugium at the STXBG. During FY16, 103 individual cacti were moved by the mine to the safety of the STXBG and the cacti left on-site were avoided. 11-3 During FY 16, landowners of the San Miguel mine moved 103 individual lace cacti (potentially black lace cactus) to the South TX Botanical Garden and avoided damage to the remaining population, per section 7 consultation agreement. Complete Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 11 Enforce existing regulations Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners , South Texas Botanical Gardens Management: Propagation, Other: Regulations Internal Technical Assistance Black-lace cactus has not frequently been involved in section 7 consultations because it is known only from 3 sites, all on privately-owned land so Federal and State regulations have not applied to it in the past. In FY14, the South Texas Botanical Gardens applied for a section 10 Recovery Permit from USFWS's Region 2 in order to propagate the species and maintain it in a refugium, per a cooperative agreement funded through USFWS' Corpus Christi ESFO. During FY15, through the informal consultation process, the San Miguel mine agreed to avoid many of the lace cactus in their mine site area and to move other cacti to a refugium at the STXBG. During FY16, 103 individual cacti were moved by the mine to the safety of the STXBG and the cacti left on-site were avoided. 11-4 In June 2017, Ecological Services office in Corpus Christi reviewed Buckeye Pipeline route; sent information regarding need to survey for black lace cactus in San Patricio County if crossing suitable habitat. Sent plant and habitat description information. Ongoing Current 2017 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 131 Post no-trespassing signs Not Started Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners Management: Land Use Contract
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 132 Monitor for grazing impacts Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners , Other Management: Population Monitoring Contract Local botanist visited a BLC site in 2004 and indicated that some plants were uprooted by feral hogs and had been kicked over by cattle; no other disturbances had been noted. No formal research has been initiated. During a spring 2016 site visit to the Refugio County population, a botanist found a number of uprooted cacti that looked as though they may have been kicked over, potentially by cattle. 132-1 Grazing impacts were monitored during a spring 2016 site visit by botanist working on a section 6 project. Some of the BLC population at the site had been trampled or kicked over; it was noted that large round hay bales looked to have been scattered across part of the cactus population, drawing cattle directly into the cactus habitat. Ongoing Current Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 133 Monitor for collecting impacts Unknown Prior to FY 1995 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners , Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Research: General Species Expert In 1991, a Section 6 Final Report found that three subspecies including E.reichenbachii var. fitchii were heavily collected. At this time, there was still some taxonomic confusion about the distinction between spp albertii and fitchii; therefore, this species collected may have been Black lace (Final Report from TPWD 1991).
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 134 Monitor for disease or other natural impacts Ongoing Current FY 2010 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Other Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance In FY12 and FY13, CCFO staff salvaged several cacti from the Kleberg County population after finding the plants uprooted. Cause of uprooting appeared to be due to hog foraging or a result of being kicked over by Nilgai antelope. During FY16, the Refugio County BLC was visited several times and effects of grazing, red imported fire ants, and weather conditions on the condition of the habitat and the plants was noted. 134-1 During FY16, habitat and plant conditions at the Refugio County BLC population site were inspected. Impacts from trampling, red imported fire ants were noted. Ongoing Current Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 14 Develop and implement habitat management plans Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners , Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Internal Field Assistance Habitat management suggestions have been made to the landowners of the Refugio County population. Informal management conversations have taken place between USFWS and the Kleberg County LO.
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 15 Locate safe sites for potential reintroductions Ongoing Not Current FY 2013 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, USFWS Regional Office 2, South Texas Botanical Gardens Research: Population Surveys, Research: Reintroduction Species Expert In FY13, Texas Prairie Wetlands Project Coordinator initiated a project with the South Texas Botanical Gardens in Corpus Christi to create a refugium for black-lace cactus. The source of the cactus would be seeds or vegetative propagules from the Kleberg County population. In FY14, the STBG applied to the Service for a section 10 Recovery permit which was published in the Federal Register in summer 2014. In FY14, the STBG carried out site preparation anticipating that the permit will be issued late in FY14 or early FY15, at which time planting can be initiated. In FY14, CCFO staff surveyed a private tract of land close to the Kleberg County population location looking for BLC. None was found but the site looks appropriate for cactus introductions at some time in the future and the landowner is interested. (Also, see recovery action dealing with surveys for new populations.) 15-1 In FY14, CCFO staff found suitable habitat for potential future reintoductions of BLC on a private tract of land close to the Kleberg County population location. Although no BLC currently exists at the site, the site looks appropriate to support the species and the landowner is interested. Complete 2014 2014 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected There will be future followup to this implementation activity.
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 16 Establish botanical garden populations Ongoing Current FY 2014 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners , Other, South Texas Botanical Gardens Management: Propagation Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Tried to establish a population in 1990 with seedlings planted at CCBG but later survey attempts showed that invasive grasses took over. In 2004, seeds were from fruit were produced at Refugio Co. site which were collected and stored at DBG. Germination studies done on seedlings; they did not survive (2004). In 2006, seeds collected from fruits of Refugio Co. population and stored at DBG. And until FY08, seeds at DGB have been in long-term storage. In 2009, Sue Sill (botanist) and others looked at this population again and were unable to locate plants-totally overgrown with invasives. In 2013, a Cooperative Agreement between the Service and the Botanical Gardens of South Texas (Botanical and Native Institute of South TX, inc) was funded to collect seeds of three fed-listed or rare species, one of which was the black lace cactus. Two main objectives are seed collection and refugia development. Seeds will be collected at each site, stored at the USDA Kika de la Garza Plant Materials Center or the Botanical Gardens in S TX. During FY16, the STXBG planted 6 BLC from the Kleberg County population into the prepared refugium. They also took possession of 103 lace cacti from McMullen Co. (potentially BLC) and have these in safe-keeping. In addition, are housing 11 BLC that were salvaged from the Refugio County population in spring 2016. 16-1 In FY14, the South Texas Botanical Gardens began site preparations to become a refugium for the BLC. They submitted a section 10 Recovery permit application to FWS and received their issued permit. They signed a cooperative agreement with FWS' Texas Prairie Wetlands Project Coordinator to become a refugium. Several salvaged cactifrom the Kleberg population was delivered to the garden along with seed collected from the Refugio County population. Ongoing Current 2015 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 16 Establish botanical garden populations Ongoing Current FY 2014 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners , Other, South Texas Botanical Gardens Management: Propagation Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Tried to establish a population in 1990 with seedlings planted at CCBG but later survey attempts showed that invasive grasses took over. In 2004, seeds were from fruit were produced at Refugio Co. site which were collected and stored at DBG. Germination studies done on seedlings; they did not survive (2004). In 2006, seeds collected from fruits of Refugio Co. population and stored at DBG. And until FY08, seeds at DGB have been in long-term storage. In 2009, Sue Sill (botanist) and others looked at this population again and were unable to locate plants-totally overgrown with invasives. In 2013, a Cooperative Agreement between the Service and the Botanical Gardens of South Texas (Botanical and Native Institute of South TX, inc) was funded to collect seeds of three fed-listed or rare species, one of which was the black lace cactus. Two main objectives are seed collection and refugia development. Seeds will be collected at each site, stored at the USDA Kika de la Garza Plant Materials Center or the Botanical Gardens in S TX. During FY16, the STXBG planted 6 BLC from the Kleberg County population into the prepared refugium. They also took possession of 103 lace cacti from McMullen Co. (potentially BLC) and have these in safe-keeping. In addition, are housing 11 BLC that were salvaged from the Refugio County population in spring 2016. 16-2 FY15, The Botanical Garden submitted a section 10 Recovery permit application to FWS and received their issued permit. They signed a cooperative agreement with FWS' Texas Prairie Wetlands Project Coordinator to become a refugium. Several salvaged cactifrom the Kleberg population was delivered to the garden along with seed collected from the Refugio County population. Not Started Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 16 Establish botanical garden populations Ongoing Current FY 2014 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners , Other, South Texas Botanical Gardens Management: Propagation Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Tried to establish a population in 1990 with seedlings planted at CCBG but later survey attempts showed that invasive grasses took over. In 2004, seeds were from fruit were produced at Refugio Co. site which were collected and stored at DBG. Germination studies done on seedlings; they did not survive (2004). In 2006, seeds collected from fruits of Refugio Co. population and stored at DBG. And until FY08, seeds at DGB have been in long-term storage. In 2009, Sue Sill (botanist) and others looked at this population again and were unable to locate plants-totally overgrown with invasives. In 2013, a Cooperative Agreement between the Service and the Botanical Gardens of South Texas (Botanical and Native Institute of South TX, inc) was funded to collect seeds of three fed-listed or rare species, one of which was the black lace cactus. Two main objectives are seed collection and refugia development. Seeds will be collected at each site, stored at the USDA Kika de la Garza Plant Materials Center or the Botanical Gardens in S TX. During FY16, the STXBG planted 6 BLC from the Kleberg County population into the prepared refugium. They also took possession of 103 lace cacti from McMullen Co. (potentially BLC) and have these in safe-keeping. In addition, are housing 11 BLC that were salvaged from the Refugio County population in spring 2016. 16-3 During FY16, the STXBG planted 6 BLC from the Kleberg County population into the prepared refugium. They also took possession of 103 lace cacti from McMullen Co. (potentially BLC) and have these in safe-keeping. In addition, are housing 11 BLC that were salvaged from the Refugio County population in spring 2016. Ongoing Current Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 16 Establish botanical garden populations Ongoing Current FY 2014 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners , Other, South Texas Botanical Gardens Management: Propagation Contract, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance Tried to establish a population in 1990 with seedlings planted at CCBG but later survey attempts showed that invasive grasses took over. In 2004, seeds were from fruit were produced at Refugio Co. site which were collected and stored at DBG. Germination studies done on seedlings; they did not survive (2004). In 2006, seeds collected from fruits of Refugio Co. population and stored at DBG. And until FY08, seeds at DGB have been in long-term storage. In 2009, Sue Sill (botanist) and others looked at this population again and were unable to locate plants-totally overgrown with invasives. In 2013, a Cooperative Agreement between the Service and the Botanical Gardens of South Texas (Botanical and Native Institute of South TX, inc) was funded to collect seeds of three fed-listed or rare species, one of which was the black lace cactus. Two main objectives are seed collection and refugia development. Seeds will be collected at each site, stored at the USDA Kika de la Garza Plant Materials Center or the Botanical Gardens in S TX. During FY16, the STXBG planted 6 BLC from the Kleberg County population into the prepared refugium. They also took possession of 103 lace cacti from McMullen Co. (potentially BLC) and have these in safe-keeping. In addition, are housing 11 BLC that were salvaged from the Refugio County population in spring 2016. 16-4 In FY 2017, the following actions took place at the South Texas Botanical Gardens refugium for black lace cactus: Continued control of invasive plants (Guinea grass) in area with use of glyphosate spot treatments, frequent mowing, and mulching selected area. Refugio County population continued to be kept separate from the Kleberg County specimens until further notice. Cages remain around the remaining six plants from the Kleberg County populations that were planted in the refugia on STBGNC site. Additional regional native plant species have been planted in area to diversify native plant populations and attract potential pollinators. Ongoing Current Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected As of August 14, 2017, surveys of the cactus planted to date: 6 confirmed black lace cactus from Kleberg County population are planted in refugia on STBGNC site (South Texas Botanical Gardens and Nature Center, 8545 South Staples Street Corpus Christi, TX. 78413 -- Nueces County, 4250-0-1200 Vol. 2358/350). Cages are placed around plants to prevent damage from animals and guests. One small plant died during reporting period. An additional 9 (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) remain in pots in pots in good health which were acquired from Refugio County population in March 2016. An additional 74 Echinocereus plants from Jim Wells County remain potted at our site in good health. We are still waiting on results from genetic testing to confirm if they are truly black-lace cactus variety (albertii). Appearance, they do not have the distinctive black spine seen on plants from both the Kleberg and Refugio County populations.
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 17 Search for new populations within the range of the variety Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Landowners , Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Research: Population Surveys Contract FY08, TNC has been doing surveys for rare plants including BLC in the Refugio-Goliad Prairie but did not find BLC. In early 2010, graduate student and botanists went searching for a record of the Refugio population on the north side of Jaboncillos Creek-were not able to find this population; tall grasses were present. However, this survey did produce several new plants in the salt/creek bed just south of this recorded population. In FY14, CCFO staff and TNC conducted search for BLC on a tract of land near to the location of the Kleberg County population. During FY16, Gena Janssen searched for undiscovered BLC on previously unsearched land in Refugio, Duval, and McMullen counties. Unfortunately, none were found. 17-1 On March 13, 2014, CCFO staff and TNC conducted search for BLC on a tract of land near to the location of the Kleberg County population. No cactus was found but suitable conditions exist for potential introductions. Complete 2014 2014 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 17 Search for new populations within the range of the variety Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Landowners , Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Research: Population Surveys Contract FY08, TNC has been doing surveys for rare plants including BLC in the Refugio-Goliad Prairie but did not find BLC. In early 2010, graduate student and botanists went searching for a record of the Refugio population on the north side of Jaboncillos Creek-were not able to find this population; tall grasses were present. However, this survey did produce several new plants in the salt/creek bed just south of this recorded population. In FY14, CCFO staff and TNC conducted search for BLC on a tract of land near to the location of the Kleberg County population. During FY16, Gena Janssen searched for undiscovered BLC on previously unsearched land in Refugio, Duval, and McMullen counties. Unfortunately, none were found. 17-2 FY15, FWS staff with Dr. Martin Terry, searched for all Echinocereus cactus in the area for genetic sampling. Ongoing Current 2015 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 17 Search for new populations within the range of the variety Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Landowners , Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Research: Population Surveys Contract FY08, TNC has been doing surveys for rare plants including BLC in the Refugio-Goliad Prairie but did not find BLC. In early 2010, graduate student and botanists went searching for a record of the Refugio population on the north side of Jaboncillos Creek-were not able to find this population; tall grasses were present. However, this survey did produce several new plants in the salt/creek bed just south of this recorded population. In FY14, CCFO staff and TNC conducted search for BLC on a tract of land near to the location of the Kleberg County population. During FY16, Gena Janssen searched for undiscovered BLC on previously unsearched land in Refugio, Duval, and McMullen counties. Unfortunately, none were found. 17-3 During FY16, Gena Janssen searched for here-to-fore undiscovered BLC on ranches in Refugio, Duval, and McMullen counties. She did not find any new populations during these searches. Ongoing Current Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 21 Determine edaphic requirements for the variety Unknown Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Research: General Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 22 Determine pollinators Ongoing Not Current FY 2013 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Landowners Research: Ecosystem Studies Species Expert During FY 13, anecdotal observations of pollinators on BLC were made at the Kleberg County site.
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 23 Study population dynamics of known populations Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Research: Population Assessment, Research: Habitat Requirements Contract In 2003, soils at the Refugio population were described along with associated woody and herbaceous vegetation. The section 6 project initiated in FY16 will set up transects and collect data on population structure. 23-1 The section 6 project initiated in FY16 will set up transects and collect data on population structure. Ongoing Current Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 3 Determine genetic relationships with closely related taxa Ongoing Current FY 2016 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Landowners , Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Research: Genetics Contract Since FY 13, the Service has coordinated with Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) to focus part of the annual section 6 RFP on work for the BLC. Although several genetics proposals were submitted at the beginning of FY14, none were judged to get at the true core questions about this species. It is planned to refine the questions for BLC for the FY15 RFP in order to generate proposals that are more likely to answer the most pressing genetics questions. During FY16, genetic samples of BLC were collected from 3 populations (1 in Refugio and 2 in McMullen counties). Genetic samples were also collected throughout Texas and up to Oklahoma for closely-related Echinocereus species. In FY 17, genetics analysis continued. 3-1 In FY14, the CCFO coordinated closely with TPWD on use of section 6 funding to answer pressing taxonomic questions regarding BLC's status. Although 3 separate proposals were submitted for work on the species, none of the proposed work appeared as though it would answer the question regarding the species' taxonomic status. TPWD decided to refine its questions about BLC when it announces the FY15 RFP for section 6 funds. Ongoing Current 2014 2014 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 3 Determine genetic relationships with closely related taxa Ongoing Current FY 2016 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Landowners , Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Research: Genetics Contract Since FY 13, the Service has coordinated with Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) to focus part of the annual section 6 RFP on work for the BLC. Although several genetics proposals were submitted at the beginning of FY14, none were judged to get at the true core questions about this species. It is planned to refine the questions for BLC for the FY15 RFP in order to generate proposals that are more likely to answer the most pressing genetics questions. During FY16, genetic samples of BLC were collected from 3 populations (1 in Refugio and 2 in McMullen counties). Genetic samples were also collected throughout Texas and up to Oklahoma for closely-related Echinocereus species. In FY 17, genetics analysis continued. 3-2 FY15, with Dr. Martin Terry, DNA samples were taken from known black lace cactus locations including Kleberg and Refugio county locations. McMullen County locations with suspected black lace cacti were also sampled for genetic survey. Not Started Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 3 Determine genetic relationships with closely related taxa Ongoing Current FY 2016 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Landowners , Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Other Research: Genetics Contract Since FY 13, the Service has coordinated with Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) to focus part of the annual section 6 RFP on work for the BLC. Although several genetics proposals were submitted at the beginning of FY14, none were judged to get at the true core questions about this species. It is planned to refine the questions for BLC for the FY15 RFP in order to generate proposals that are more likely to answer the most pressing genetics questions. During FY16, genetic samples of BLC were collected from 3 populations (1 in Refugio and 2 in McMullen counties). Genetic samples were also collected throughout Texas and up to Oklahoma for closely-related Echinocereus species. In FY 17, genetics analysis continued. 3-3 During FY16, genetic samples of BLC were collected from 3 populations (1 in Refugio and 2 in McMullen counties). Genetic samples were also collected throughout Texas and up to Oklahoma for closely-related Echinocereus species. Ongoing Current Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 4 Develop a trade management plan for all cacti Unknown Prior to FY 1995 Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Management: General Internal Technical Assistance
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 7 Develop public awareness Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Other, South Texas Botanical Gardens Management: Other Internal Technical Assistance In FY14, CCFO staff assisted staff from TNC, the Lower Rio Grande Valley NWR, and an independent botanical consultant in training NRCS staff to recognize species in the field, including BLC. During FY16, the South Texas Botanical Garden planted some BLC into their refugium and have signs being made for public education about the species in the refugium 7-1 In FY14, CCFO staff assisted staff from TNC, the Lower Rio Grande Valley NWR, and an independent botanical consultant in training NRCS staff to recognize species in the field, including BLC. Ongoing Current 2014 2014 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 2 7 Develop public awareness Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Other, South Texas Botanical Gardens Management: Other Internal Technical Assistance In FY14, CCFO staff assisted staff from TNC, the Lower Rio Grande Valley NWR, and an independent botanical consultant in training NRCS staff to recognize species in the field, including BLC. During FY16, the South Texas Botanical Garden planted some BLC into their refugium and have signs being made for public education about the species in the refugium 7-2 During FY16, the South Texas Botanical Garden began work on signs that will describe the listed species in their refugium. Ongoing Current Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 3 51 Investigate feasibility of large scale production of cultivated seedlings Ongoing Current FY 2014 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, South Texas Botanical Gardens Research: Propagation Species Expert The South Texas Botanical Garden has prepared site for planting of BLC. They also plan to research propagation of the species for planting at their site and for reintroduction purposes. 51-1 In FY 14, the South Texas Botanical Gardens prepared a greenhouse and outdoor areas for planting of BLC in FY 14 or FY 15. Ongoing Current 2015 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected The STBG also plans to research propagation of the species for planting at their site and for reintroduction purposes.
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 3 51 Investigate feasibility of large scale production of cultivated seedlings Ongoing Current FY 2014 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, South Texas Botanical Gardens Research: Propagation Species Expert The South Texas Botanical Garden has prepared site for planting of BLC. They also plan to research propagation of the species for planting at their site and for reintroduction purposes. 51-2 FY15, The botanical garden received seed obtained from the Refugio population for cultivation of black lace cactus. Not Started 1982 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 3 52 Develop procedures for clonal propagation Ongoing Not Current FY 2014 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Research: Propagation Species Expert In FY14, the USDA's NRCS' Kika de la Garza Plant Materials Center (PMC) removed, prepared, and rooted several "pups" from a salvaged BLC that was being cared for at the PMC. The pups were successfully rooted. 52-1 In FY14, the USDA's NRCS' Kika de la Garza Plant Materials Center (PMC) experimented with clonal propagation by removing, preparing, and rooting several "pups" from a salvaged BLC that was being cared for at the PMC. The PMC's techniques were successful and the pups did root. Ongoing Current 2014 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected The PMC was holding several cacti salvaged from the Kleberg County population after the cacti were damaged by hog rooting or hooves of antelope.
Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery Plan F 2 Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office (281) 286-8282 Black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii 3 6 Determine delisting criteria Not Started Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Management Internal Technical Assistance