Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 1 11 Secure sites on FS land Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Forest Service Management: General, Other: Information and Education, Other: Law Enforcement, Other: Regulations, Other: Administration Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance, Internal Field Assistance To date, about 17 protected populations have been secured at Apalachicola National Forest (ANF), Liberty and Franklin counties. The ANF land is federal property and therefore, protected under the Endangered Species Act.
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 1 13 Secure sites on state right-of-ways Not Started Prior to FY 1995 Other Florida Department of Transportation, Region 4 - Ecological Services Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation, Other: Law Enforcement, Other: Regulations, Other: Administration Labor type not yet selected FS owns land along right of way, but FL DOT maintains a section along most important population. They adjust maintenance programs and mowing schedules to protect species . FY 06 violated mowing schedule which will prevent species from successfully seeding this year. This has been an issue off and one. Mainly making sure that DOT transfer info to their consultant responsible for mowing. FY06, DOT has proposed hwy widening project that may affect this corridor. FWS and FS involved in consultation process.
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 1 14 Secure sites on other land Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other Region 4 - Ecological Services Acquisition: General, Acquisition: Easement, Other: Information and Education, Other: Regulations Labor type not yet selected Consultants discovered new population in Bay County FL, expanding the known range. On St Joe Development CO lands. They plan to protect area as well as additional suitable habitat (approx 300 acres) through wetland mitigation for future projects.
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 1 51 Collect baseline data Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Forest Service, Florida Department of Transportation Research: Population Surveys, Research: Demographic Studies Species Expert, Contract, Internal Field Assistance Current populations have been mapped primarily by FNAI, the U.S. Forest Service (Forest Service), and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), and the following baseline data have been collected: Seed germination: Germination studies were conducted at Bok Sanctuary from seeds collected in 2006 and 2007 (Peterson and Campbell 2007). Of the 1,312 seeds, 477 were used in the seed experiments following Wagner and Spira¿s (1996) germination protocol. Fifty-one percent of the seeds collected in 2007 germinated, while no germination occurred for the seeds collected in 2006. No additional work was pursued in 2008 (Campbell, Bok Sanctuary, 2009, pers. comm.). Wagner and Spira¿s (1996) preliminary germination trials indicated that seeds are not dormant when they mature. Germination was high from freshly collected seeds grown at 21/10°C conditions and increased with cold stratification. Demography: Walker and Silletti (2005) studied the population dynamics of H. flava in ANF for three years. The authors described the ramet size, reproductive status, and mortality and recruitment rates. Six sites were selected, ¿ 3 permanent plots/site were established totaling about 300 ramets/site, and individual ramets were marked. The total number of ramets declined from year to year. Larger ramets were more likely to produce reproductive structures, but the number of reproductive ramets was low and varied with site and year. Small ramets suffered higher mortality. Low recruitment and high mortality suggested that populations were declining possibly due to a decrease in precipitation. The authors observed crayfish induced ramet mortality but the effect of their activity at larger scales is unknown. Therefore, we do not have enough data for developing effective monitoring and management strategies for H. flava. Genetics: Godt et al. (1997) examined genetic diversity in 464 individuals collected from ANF seepage bogs and roadside ROW. The authors found no discernable genetic variation between or among the populations; the species was monomorphic for the 22 loci scored. The lack of allozyme variation was explained by the possibility that the progenitors of H. flava had limited genetic diversity and/or that the species may have gone through several bottlenecks during its evolutionary history. Germination studies were conducted at Bok Sanctuary from seeds collected in 2006 and 2007. Herbert Kesler and Jennifer Trusty established in 2010 plots along roadside and natural forest populations in order to determine the effects of fire management and road modifications on this species. Fire effects: Preliminary results after one year of monitoring the 6 natural habitat populations indicate that prescribe fire has a strong influence on demographic rates. Fire promotes H. flava flowering and growth but increases mortality of ramets that have previously produced flowers. Individuals had the greatest probability of flowering 1 year following a burn event. However, even after a burn, only 12-14% of individuals are expected to produce reproductive structures. Individual ramets were not found to flower multiple years in a row and flowering ramets were found to have lower survivorship than vegetative ramets the year of a burn event. These results are based on only one year of data and the effects of fire on population growth and recruitment will be established from future census data. The SR 65 roadside right-of-way supports large populations of H. flava but their importance to species persistence is unknown. Initial findings are that flowering individuals occur at higher densities along roadsides. Flower densities along roadsides averaged 8.3 flowers per meter square compared to 0.5 flowers per meter square in natural forest populations. Future censuses will help determine the survivorship, recruitment and population growth rate of these unique sites.
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 1 521 Identify pollinators and/or vectors Partially Complete FY 2000 - FY 2004 FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Forest Service Research: Habitat Requirements, Research: Other Information Graduate Student Pitts-Singer et al. (2002) studied the pollinator-plant relationship at two sites located on the ANF. The authors observed five insect species visiting the flowers, but only halictid bees gathered pollen from the flowers. According to the pollination study conducted by Wagner and Spira (1996), selfing might be the main reproductive mechanism for H. flava; this would explain the lack of genetic diversity. Therefore, pollinator services are potentially not necessary for this species, but the flowers¿ pollen may be a food resource for the bees.
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 1 5221 Study hydrology Unknown Other U.S. Forest Service, Region 4 - Ecological Services Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Funding included in 5221
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 1 5222 Study light relations Not Started Other U.S. Forest Service, Region 4 - Ecological Services Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Funding included in 5221
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 1 5223 Study competition Unknown Other U.S. Forest Service, Region 4 - Ecological Services Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Funding included in 5221
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 1 53 Monitor colonies Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Forest Service, Florida Department of Transportation Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected A three-year monitoring study was conducted by Walker and Silletti (2005). This year 2010, Herbert Kesler and Jennifer Trusty inititated an evaluation and Conservation of Harperocallis flava; the objectives of this project are: 1) to determine the current status of H. flava populations in the ANF; 2) to estimate the fire frequency and season that maximizes population growth rates for this species; 3) to identify which stage in the plants life cycle management can target to ensure the persistence and success of populations; and 4) to determine how road right-of-way population demographics compare to non-roadside populations. Based on these analyses, we will make recommendations to help to focus management practices for this federally listed plant. 2012: Apalachicola National Forest 3 permanent plots compartments 68, 77: monitored since 2000: only 2 plots with plants. 53-1 SR 65 ROW ramets Ongoing Not Current 2010 Labor type not yet selected Work type not yet selected FS and FWS staff counted the flowering stems of H. beauty at the SR 65 ROW. We estimated about 2,728 ramets. The importance of these plants for the survival of the species will be determined by a genetic study.
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 1 541 Do experimental burns Not Started Other U.S. Forest Service Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 1 542 Do experimental mowing Not Started Other Florida Department of Transportation Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Mowing is a common practice to maintain rights-of-way (ROWs) in Florida. This action has not been initiated
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 1 543 Remove competition manually/mechanically Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Forest Service Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation, Management: Predator and Competitor Control Volunteer, Internal Technical Assistance FS under good mgt with regard to Harpers Beauty through their burn program.
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 1 544 Determine effects of herbicides Not Started Other U.S. Forest Service, Florida Department of Transportation, Region 4 - Ecological Services Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 1 545 Prepare management recommendations Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service, Florida Department of Transportation Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation, Management: Planning Labor type not yet selected Management/general monitoring in ANF: Management is an ongoing action conducted by the Forest Service. The ANF has a yearly 120,000+ acre prescribed burning program (L. Kirn, Forest Service, 2009, pers. comm.). According to L. Kirn (2009, pers. comm.), two to three compartments are burned every year during the growing and dormant seasons. Management of ROW: Mowing is a common practice to maintain rights-of-way (ROWs) in Florida, and the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) has implemented a program of reduced mowing along state highways in order to decrease costs for maintenance roadsides and to encourage the growth of native wildflowers (Keppner, Keppner Biological Services, 2009, pers. comm.). Apalachicola National Forest SR 65 is under a restrictive mowing schedule due to the occurrence of the Harper¿s beauty within the ROW (L. Haddock, FDOT, 2009, pers. comm. to Negron-Ortiz). Protective measures such as restricting the amount of area and timing of mowing were established in the early 1990s to allow seeds to mature and disperse. Currently, these measures are inadequate. For instance, a reoccurring problem of unauthorized mowing outside of dates specified had occurred over the past decade (S. Simpkins 2006, pers. comm. to D. Wolfe, FDOT). Thus, alternative measures should be sought. 2015: SR 65 Management Plan was prepared by DOT (collaboratively with USFWS, USFS) for the section of SR 65 where the Harper’s Beauty is found and include modified maintenance practices to ensure the continued protection of the endangered Harper’s Beauty. The plan will be implemented for 3 years. In addition to mowing restrictions, the Forest Service only allows spot treatment application of herbicide in the ANF to control invasive and exotic species.
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 3 12 Encourage state to list Complete Prior to FY 1995 Prior to FY 1995 Other Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Region 4 - Ecological Services Other: Regulations, Other: Administration Labor type not yet selected DOACS has listed species as endangered. Need to find out actual date of listing.
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 3 2 Conduct searches for new colonies Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Forest Service, Florida Department of Transportation, Region 4 - Ecological Services Other: Regulations, Research: Population Surveys Labor type not yet selected FS (on continuous basis), DOT consultants (HWY 65 widening project and proposed Gulf Coast Parkway), St Joe consultants (New Bay co area in adjacent suitable habitats) all conducting surveys in FY 05-07. In addition, FWS botanist, and Florida Natural Areas Inventory (FNAI). This recovery action is ongoing and conducted primarily by the Forest Service, FWS botanist, and Florida Natural Areas Inventory (FNAI). No populations of Harper¿s beauty were found on a 2008 survey conducted in the northwest portion of Tate¿s Hell State Forest (FDF 2008).
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 3 23 Train personnel in identification Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Forest Service, Florida Department of Transportation Research: Habitat Requirements, Research: Management Techniques Labor type not yet selected Louise Kirn, FS employee, for years has taught and depended on volunteers to teach how to survey for this species. She has survey protocol that is recommended.
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 3 31 Maintain representative colonies Ongoing Current FY 2006 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Forest Service Management: Propagation, Research: Propagation, Research: Reintroduction Labor type not yet selected FWS PCFO office contracted to Historic Bok Sanctuary FY 05 to initiate work in FY 06 and 07 for ex situ collection and protection of seeds from representative sites, not all sites.
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 3 32 Deposit seeds in seed bank Ongoing Current FY 2006 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Forest Service, Region 4 - Ecological Services Research: Propagation Contract FWS PCFO office contracted to Historic Bok Sanctuary FY 05 to initiate work in FY 06 and 07 for ex situ collection and protection of seeds from representative sites. FS has established cold storage seed bank in Macon, GA. The Historic Bok Sanctuary (Bok Sanctuary), Lake Wales, Florida, possesses 835 seeds in storage (416 in ambient conditions and 419 refrigerated) from a total of 1,312 seeds obtained from seven capsules collected in 2006 and 2007 by L. Keppner (Peterson and Campbell 2007) from the private owner of the Bay County population (L. Keppner, 2009, pers. comm.). The Historic Bok Sanctuary (Bok Sanctuary), Lake Wales, Florida, possesses 835 seeds in storage (416 in ambient conditions and 419 refrigerated) from a total of 1,312 seeds obtained from seven capsules collected in 2006 and 2007 by L. Keppner.
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 3 33 Deposit pollen in pollen bank Not Started Other U.S. Forest Service, Region 4 - Ecological Services Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Pollen bank has not been initiated but perhaps is not necessary because H. flava is primary selfing and lacks genetic variation.
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 3 34 Make seeds available for research Partially Complete FY 2006 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Region 4 - Ecological Services Management: Propagation, Research: Propagation Contract FWS PCFO office contracted to Historic Bok Sanctuary FY 05 to initiate work in FY 06 and 07 for ex situ collection and protection of seeds from representative sites.
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 3 35 Make seeds available for propagation Ongoing Current FY 2006 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Forest Service, Region 4 - Ecological Services Management: Propagation, Management: Reintroduction, Research: Propagation Labor type not yet selected FWS PCFO office contracted to Historic Bok Sanctuary FY 05 to initiate work in FY 06 and 07 for ex situ collection and protection of seeds from representative sites.
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 3 4 Establish additional colonies Ongoing Current Other U.S. Forest Service, Region 4 - Ecological Services Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected March 2013: An experimental Reintroduction of Harper’s Beauty from Highway 65 to Apalachicola National Forest, Florida was initiated to determine the survival of H. beauty individuals, and the possibility of 'moving/rescue plants if the plants needed to be relocated. Report July 1 – Sept 30, 2014: an overall 88% survival rate for transplants, clumps are expanding in many cases.
Harper's Beauty F 4 Panama City Ecological Services Field Office (850) 769-0552 Harper's beauty Harperocallis flava 3 6 Public education Ongoing Current FY 2006 Other U.S. Forest Service, Florida Department of Transportation, Region 4 - Ecological Services Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected FWS biologist, Pkelly gave presentation at Rare Plant Task Force Workshop on status of federal plants including H. Beauty. Louise Kirn has volunteer program which informs folks of plant as well as assists in surveys.